European History Chapter 25

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European History Chapter 25
2013-02-04 19:44:13
Euro Chapter 25

Chapter 25 Key terms and questions
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  1. Red Shirts
    • guerrilla army of Guiseppe Girabaldi
    • invaded Sicily in 1860
    • in an attempt to liberate it
    • won the hearts of the Sicilian peasantry.
  2. Zollverein
    • German customs union
    • founded in 1834
    • to stimulate trade and increase revenues of member states
  3. Homestead Act
    • result of the American Civil War
    • gave western land to settlers,
    • This reinforcing the concept of free labor in a market economy.
  4. Zemstvo
    • a new institution of local government
    • in reformed Russia
    • members were elected by a three-class system of towns, peasant villages, and noble landowners.
  5. Bloody Sunday
    • massacre of peaceful protesters
    • at Winters Square in St. Petersburg
    • in 1905
    • turned ordinary workers against the tsar
    • produced a wave of general indignation.
  6. October Manifesto
    • result of a great general strike in October 1905,
    • it granted full civil rights
    • promised a popularly electedduma¬†(parliament) with real legislative power.
  7. Duma
    • Russian parliament opened in 1906,
    • elected indirectly by universal male suffrage
    • with absolute veto power from the tsar.
  8. Reichstag
    popularly elected lower house of government of the new German Empire after 1871.
  9. Kulturkampf
    • struggle for civilization,
    • Bismarck’s attack on the Catholic church resulting from Pius IX’s declaration of papal infallibility in 1870.
  10. Dreyfus affair
    • a divisive case in which Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish captain in the French army was falsely accused and convicted of treason.
    • The Catholic Church sided with the anti-Semites against Dreyfus;
    • because of this, the French government severed all ties between the state and church.
  11. People’s Budget
    • proposed after the liberal party came to power in England in 1906
    • vetoed by the lords,
    • it was designed to increase spending on social welfare issues.
  12. Zionism
    • movement toward Jewish political nationhood,
    • started by Theodor Herzl.
  13. Revisionism
    • an effort by various socialists to update Marxian doctrines
    • to reflect the realities of the time.
  14. Revolution of 1905
    • result of discontent from Russian factory workers and peasants
    • as well as an emerging nationalist sentiment among the empires minorities.