NUTR 1020 : EXAM ONE

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McKayla
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197990
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NUTR 1020 : EXAM ONE
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2013-02-04 23:58:14
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Nutrition 1020 Exam One Study Guide
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Nutrition 1020, Exam One Study Guide, Pro. Stahle
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  1. Leading cause of nutrition-related diseases in the U.S.
    • Poor Diet 
    • Sedentary Lifestyles (Lack of Exercise) 
  2. Nutrients that supply energy?
    • Carbohydrates
    • Proteins
    • Fats
  3. Percentage of carbohydrates advocated by the Food & Nutrition board
    52%
  4. Fiber class of nutrient
    Carbohydrates
  5. Energy provided by fats, proteins, & carbohydrates in grams
    • Fats: 60 grams
    • Proteins: 70 grams
    • Carbs: 290 grams
  6. Properties of water as a nutrient
    Numerous vital functions in body 
  7. What a "kcalorie" measures
    Heat
  8. Nutrition definition of n "organic"
    • The food must be free of:
    • Food colors
    • Synthetic flavors
    • Any other synthetic substances 
  9. What is the "Freshman 15"
    • Term used to describe weight gained by first year college students
    • Causes:
    • Stressful Situations
    • University Environment
    • Peer Pressure
    • Alcohol
    • Lack of Exercise
  10. Term for: "psychological influence to eat"
    Appetite 
  11. What "anthropometry" is
    Measurement of body weight and the lengths, circumferences, and thicknesses of parts of the body. 
  12. Definition of "Under-Nutrition"
    Failing health results from a long-standing dietary intake that is not enough to meet nutritional needs. 
  13. Agency responsible for food labeling
    • FDA
    • Food & Drug Administration 
  14. Food labels ingredient label order
    Descending order by weight 
  15. System that keeps diseases from humans
    Lymphatic system 
  16. Where "bile" is produced
    Liver 
  17. Fluids that promote heartburn
    Acid reflux 
  18. Area that the digestive system absorbs the most nutrients
    Gastrointestinal
  19. Functions of large intestine
    • Mix & propel contents
    • Absorb sodium, potassium, & water
    • House bacteria
    • Lubricate w/ mucus
    • Synthesize some vitamins & short-chain fatty acids
    • Forms feces
  20. Know types of Monosaccharides
    • Glucose
    • Fructose
    • Galactose
  21. What is disaccharide?
    • Sucrose: Sugar
    • Lactose: Milk products
    • Maltose: Fermentation & Alcohol Production
  22. What sugars form sucrose, lactose, & maltose?
    Simple Sugars
  23. Glucose other name
    Dextrose 
  24. Definition of "Simple Carbohydrates"
    • Sugars
    • Fast energy 
  25. Function of glucose
    • In bloodstream called; blood sugar
    • Breaks down starches & sucrose 
    • Source of fuel for cells
  26. Characteristics of Type Two Diabetes
    • Generally in people > 40 years or age
    • Increasing rates in younger people
    • Obesity 
    • Treatment: 
    • -Weight Loss
    • -Oral Medication 
    • -Diet therapy 
    • -Insulin
  27. Where digestion begins?
    Mouth

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