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2013-02-04 23:15:11

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  1. What is microbiology
    the study of living things too small to be seen with the naked eye 

    aka microorganisms/microbes
  2. Groups of microorganisms 
    bacteria, protist ,fungi,helminths &viruses
  3. what is a virus
    a non living ,noncellular, parasitic protein-coated genetic element that infect all living things, including other microorganisms
  4. what is a prokaryote?
    organisms without a true nucleus
  5. eukaryotes
    organisms with a true nucleus
  6. bioremediation
    introducing microbes to the environment 
  7. which cell is smaller prokaryote or eukaryote?
    prokaryotes are 10x smaller
  8. earliest record of microbes 
    robert hooke 1660
  9. created the single lens microscope?
    antonie van leeuwenhoek
  10. whos known as the father of biology and protozoology
    antoni van leeuwenhoek
  11. theory of biogenesis
    studied and confirmed by pasteur in the mid late 1800
  12. s shaped flask
    designed by pasteur to confirm theory of biogensis
  13. Germ thoery
    discovered by louis pasteur who made the correlation of germs and dieases
  14. who discovered fermentation and pasteurization
    pasteur showed that microbes are responsible for fermentation 
  15. fermentation
    the conversation of sugar to alchol to make beer and wine 
  16. pasteurization
    spoilage bacteria can be killed by heat high heat for a short time
  17. joseph lister
    used a chemical disinectant to prevent surgical would infections he introduced aseptic techniques
  18. robert koch 
    created koch postulates which was used to prove that a specific microbe causes a specific diease
  19. microbial nomenclature
    naming organismins
  20. taxonomy
    classifying living things
  21. levels of classification
    3 domains 6 kingdoms
  22. identificaton
    discovering and recording the traits of organisms so they can be named and classified 
  23. 3 domains
    archea eubacteria, eukarya
  24. 6 kingdoms
    achaebacteria, bacteria, protists, fungi, plants, animals
  25. classification(king phillip came over for good spagetti
    kingdom,phylum, class, order, family, genus , species
  26. archaebacteria& bacteria are?
  27. protist, fungi, plants, animals are
  28. binomial system of nomenclature
    • –The generic (genus) name followed by the
    • species name

    • –Generic part is capitalized, species is
    • lowercase

    • –Both are italicized or underlined if
    • italics aren’t available

    • –Staphylococcus aureus,
    • Homo sapien, T. rex.
  29. Phylogeny
    • •the
    • degree of relatedness between groups of living things based on ancestry/evolution. 
  30. Evolution
    • •hereditary
    • information in living things changes gradually through time; these changes
    • result in structural and functional changes through many generations