Oryctolagus cunniculus continued

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Oryctolagus cunniculus continued
2013-02-05 20:00:27
Exotic Animals Two

Exotic Animals
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  1. Enteritis causes diarrhea which causes _____.
  2. What is enteritis in rabbits often related to?
    • stress
    • common at weaning
  3. How do we treat enteritis in rabbits?
    supportive care
  4. What are some causes of enteritis in rabbits?
    • Tyzzer's disease
    • enterotoxemia (Clostridium difficile)
    • other bacteria
    • Coccidia
  5. What is another word for Trichobezoars?
  6. What are the clinical signs of trichobezoars in rabbits?
    • anorexia
    • small dry feces
    • may palpate mass or see mass on rads
  7. What is trichobezoars typically due to in rabbits?
    due to limited fiber - not enough hay in the diet
  8. What is the treatment for trichobezoar?
    • fluids are important to get the hairball to move through the digestive tract
    • if hairball won't come out with fluids then surgery is the next option
  9. How do we prevent trichobezoars in rabbits?
    decrease the pellets and increase the hay in the rabbits diet
  10. What is the purpose of stomach tubing a rabbit?
    to provide fluids and food
  11. How long does recovery from a hairball usually take with rabbits?
    3 - 5 days
  12. If anorexia is a clinical sign of trichobezoars in rabbits what do we need to be careful of?
    lipidosis - fatty liver
  13. What syndromes do we see with Pasteurellosis                                        in rabbits?
    • rhinitis/URI
    • pneumonia
    • abscesses
    • torticollis
    • septicemia
  14. What is another term for rhinitis in rabbits?
  15. What is the most common syndrome caused from Pasteurellosis?
    rhinitis (snuffles)
  16. What is torticollis?  And what typically causes this in rabbits?
    • head tilt
    • because pasteurella has gotten in the ear
  17. What types of rabbits are affected by pasteurellosis the most?
    young rabbits
  18. How do we treat pasteurellosis in rabbits?
    • antibiotics - TMS, baytril
    • supportive therapy
  19. Which antibiotic do we need to be careful using to treat pasteurella in rabbits?  Why?
    • tilmicosin - used to treat pasteurellosis in cattle
    • may work with a rabbit, but may also kill them
  20. What is rabbit syphylis due to?
    Treponema cuniculi
  21. What is rabbit syphylis?
    venereal diseases from breeding
  22. What are the clinical signs of rabbit syphylis?
    raised, crusty, bloody ulcers on genitalia, perineum, and face
  23. How is rabbit syphylis spread?
    by direct contact
  24. How do we treat rabbit syphylis?
  25. What is Encephalitozoonosis?  What bacteria causes this in rabbits?
    protozoal disease caused by Encephalitozoon cunniculi
  26. What are the clinical signs of encephalitozoonosis in rabbits?
    • acute head tilt in rabbits < 2 years old
    • progressing to progressive posterior paresis (will lose control of limbs)
  27. How do we diagnose encephalitozoonosis in rabbits?
    • look for antibodies
    • diagnose with history
  28. What is Myxomatosis in rabbits?
    viral disease seen in wild rabbits in the western United States and seen in domestic animals in Europe
  29. How is Myxomatosis spread in rabbits?
  30. What are the clinical signs of myxomatosis in rabbits?
    • masses
    • conjunctivitis if the masses are around the eyes
  31. Where do we usually see sore hocks on rabbits?
    on ventral metatarsal area
  32. What usually causes sore hocks in rabbits?
    heavy rabbits kept on wire
  33. How do we treat sore hocks in rabbits?
    • treat as wounds
    • place on solid floor
    • use dry bedding
  34. Why do we need to treat sore hocks in rabbits immediately?
    there is not a lot of soft tissue on the feet of rabbits and can easily wear down to the bone
  35. When is uterine adenocarcinoma seen in rabbits?
    does over 5 years old
  36. Why do we need to spay our rabbits?
    to prevent uterine adenocarcinoma
  37. How do we diagnose uterine adenocarcinoma in rabbits?
    • palpable mass in abdomen
    • check thorax for metastasis
  38. Is heat stroke common in rabbits?
    yes, especially the ones that are outside
  39. When is heat stroke worse in rabbits?
    when they are pregnant or obese
  40. What are the signs of heat stroke in rabbits?
    • see salivation
    • may lick from legs
    • seizures
    • prostration
  41. If a client calls the clinic and says their rabbit is having a heat stroke, what should we tell them?
    don't tell them to come into the clinic because the rabbit may die before they get there and to implement treatment at home such as slowly cooling the rabbit off with fans and cool water
  42. What are the types of dental diseases in rabbits?
    • malocclusion
    • congenital
    • acquired due to trauma
  43. What are most dental diseases usually due to in rabbits?
    poor diet - feeding too much pellets
  44. What are the signs of dental disease in rabbits?
    • anorexia
    • salivating
    • weight loss
    • skin disorders from skin around mouth being wet all the time
    • facial swelling
    • dacrocystitis
  45. Where do we see malocclusions in rabbits?
    their incisors
  46. What is malocclusion in rabbits usually due to?
    often congenital or from trauma
  47. Can rabbits live without their incisors?
  48. How do we treat malocclusions in rabbits?
    • cut back or grind every 6 weeks
    • may be removed
  49. What do normal rabbit teeth look like on a dental radiograph?
    • zig zag occlusal surface
    • roots well aligned
    • tooth structure clear
  50. What do abnormal rabbit teeth look like on a dental radiograph?
    • zig zag pattern missing
    • lower roots elongated and misshapen
    • alveolar bone lost
  51. When is pregnancy toxemia common in rabbits?
    in obese does in late gestation
  52. What are the clinical sign of pregnancy toxemia in rabbits?
    • weakness
    • ataxia
    • depression
    • progresses to coma and death
    • ketonuria
  53. What is ketonuria?
    ketones in urine
  54. How do we treat pregnancy toxemia in rabbits?
    give IV glucose and fluids
  55. Does red urine always mean there is blood in the rabbits urine?
    no, sometimes rabbit's urine is red due to porphyrins
  56. What are the wild rabbit diseases?
    • Tularemia:  rabbit fever, rabbits usually appear normal but it can transmit it to humans, this disease is also seen as a threat to bioterrorism
    • Calicivirus:  rabbit enteritis, rabbit hemorrhagic fever, used to control rabbit population, started in china, high mortality rate
  57. What are the common surgeries done on rabbits?
    • wound repair
    • fracture repair
    • gastrotomy
    • OVH
    • castration
    • clip hair or use depilatory (chemical to remove hair)
  58. Why do we neuter rabbits?
    • to decrease aggression
    • to prevent pregnancy
  59. How do we castrate rabbits?
    • incise over testicle or in front
    • close inguinal ring to prevent intestines from falling in and causing a hernia