History 1302 Ch 19

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ironmonstar
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198212
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History 1302 Ch 19
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2013-02-13 16:30:03
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  1. Jacob Riis
  2. William Henry Tweed
  3. Booker T. Wahsington
    ex-slave, put into practice his  educational ideas at Tuskegee, which opened in 1881. Washington began Tuskegee with limited funds, four run-down buildings, and only thirty students; by 1900, it was a model industrial and agricultural school. Spread over forty-six buildings, it offered instruction in thirty trades to fourteen hundred students. He was a Civil Rights leader and at the 1895 Atlants exposition hecreated the Atlanta Compromise Philosophy
  4. Atlanta Compromise of 1895
    Philosphy Created by Booker T washington in which  Acknowledging white domination, it called for slow progress through self-improvement, not through  lawsuits or agitation. Rather than fighting for equal rights, blacks should acquire property and show they were worthy of their rights.
  5. Hampton- Tuskegee Philosophy
  6. W.E.B Dubois
     Civil Rights Cases (1883), the Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment barred state governments from discriminating on account of race but did not prevent private individuals or orga-nizations from doing so.  Plessy v.  Ferguson (1896)
  7. Immigration Restriction League
    The Immigration Restriction League, founded in 1894, demanded a literacy test for immigrants from southern and eastern Europe. Congress passed such a law in 1896, but President Cleveland vetoed it.
  8. Mugwumps
      Educated and upper-class reformers who crusaded for lower tariffs, limited federal government, and civil service reform. They were best known for helping elect Grover Cleveland president in 1884.  p.  448
  9. National American Woman Suffrage Association
     Founded by Susan B. Anthony in 1890, this organization worked to secure women the right to vote. It stressed careful organization and peaceful lobbying.  p.  450
  10.  Social Darwinism
    Adapted by English social philosopher Herbert Spencer from Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution, this theory held that the “laws” of evolution applied to human life, that change or reform therefore took centuries, and that the “fittest” would succeed in business and social relationships. It promoted competition and individualism, saw government intervention into human affair as futile, and was used by the economic and social elite to oppose reform.  p.  455
  11. Social Gospel 
      Preached by urban Protestant ministers, the Social Gospel focused as much on improving the conditions of life on earth as on saving souls for the hereafter. Its adherents worked for child-labor laws and measures to alleviate poverty.  p.  457
  12. Herbert Spencer
     In several influential books, Spencer took the evolutionary theories of Charles Darwin and applied Darwinian principles of natural selection to society, combining biology and sociology in a theory of “social selection” that tried to explain human progress. Invented "Survival of the Fittest"
  13. William Grahm Sumner
     Social Darwinism had a number of influential followers in the United States, including William Graham Sumner, a professor of political and social science at Yale University. One of the  country’s best known academic figures, Sumner was forceful and eloquent. In writ-ings such as  What Social Classes Owe to Each Other (1883) and “The Absurd Effort to Make the World Over” (1894), he argued that gov-ernment action on behalf of the poor or weak interfered with evolu-tion and sapped the species. Reform tampered with the laws of nature. “It is the greatest folly of which a man can be capable to sit down with a slate and pencil to plan out a new social world,” Sumner said.
  14. Henry George
  15. Edward Bellamy
  16. Clarence Darrow
  17. Dwight L. Moody
  18. Settlement Houses
  19. Jane Addams
  20. Stephen Crane
  21. Jack London
  22. Theodore Dreiser
  23. Mark Twain
  24. Frank Norris
  25. Plessy V Ferguson
    Segregated School in the South
  26. Jim Crow Laws
  27. Slaugterhouse Cases
  28. Civil Rights Cases
     Civil Rights Cases (1883), the Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment barred state governments from discriminating on account of race but did not prevent private individuals or orga-nizations from doing so.  Plessy v.  Ferguson (1896)

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