CONCEPTS CHAP 1

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sandovalfj
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198214
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CONCEPTS CHAP 1
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2013-02-06 09:08:54
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CONCEPTS
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CONCEPTS CHAP 1
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  1. 5 MAJOR GROUPS OF MICROORGANISMS
    BACTERIA, ALGAE, PROTOZOA, HELMINTHS, ACHAEA
  2. WHEN DID THE 1ST PROKARYOTIC CELL APPEAR
    3.5 BILLION YEARS AGO
  3. WHEN DID THE 1ST EUKARYOTIC CELL APPEAR
    1.8 BILLION YEARS AGO
  4. HOW WAS OXYGENIC PHOTOSYNTHESIS IMPORTANT TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUR ATMOSPHERE
    • LIGHT FUELED CONVERSION OF CARBON-DIOXIDE TO ORGANIC MATERIAL THAT DOES PRODUCE 02
    • SOURCE OF O2 ON THE PLANET
    • LEAD TO USE OF 02 FOR AEROBIC RESPIRATION
    • PHOTOSYNTHETIC MICROORGANISMS ACCOUNT FOR 70% OF THE EARTHS PHOTOSYNTHESIS
  5. WHAT IS THE BASIC ROLE OF MICROBES IN NUTRIENT CYCLING
    BACTERIA AND FUNGI LIVE IN CLOSE ASSOCIATION WITH PLANTS THAT HELP THEM OBTAIN NUTRIENTS AND PROTECT THEM AGAINST DISEASE
  6. WHAT IS THE ROLE OF MICROBES IN ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION
    PRODUCES GASES SUCH AS CO2, NO, AND CH3  THAT REGULATE THE TEMP OF THE EARTH
  7. WHAT ARE SOME OF THE BENEFICIAL ROLES OF MICROBES
    BREAD, ALCOHOL, CHEESE PRODUCTION  TREATMENT OF WOUNDS AND LESIONS, MINING PRECIOUS METALS, CLEAN UP OF HUMAN CREATED CONTAMINATION
  8. WHAT IS THE THEORY OF ABIOGENESIS
    SPONTANEOUS GENERATION - LIFE CREATED FROM NOTHING
  9. WHAT IS THE THEORY OF BIOGENESIS
    LIVING THINGS ONLY COME FROM OTHERS OF THE SAME KIND
  10. WHAT IS LOUIS PASTEUR RESPONSIBLE FOR
    DISPROVED ABIOGENESIS BY USING SWAN-NECKED FLASKS  MICROBES GOT STUCK AT THE BOTTOM OF THE SWAN NECK
  11. WHAT IS ROBERT HOOKE RESPONSIBLE FOR
    IN THE 1660'S STUDIED HOUSEHOLD OBJECTS, PLANTS, TREES, USING A SIMPLE MAGNIFYING GLASS
  12. WHAT IS ANTON VAN LEUWENHOEK RESPONSIBLE FOR
    CONSTRUCTED MICROSCOPES THAT COULD MAGNIFY UP TO 300X  USED TO SEE ANIMALS IN DROP OF RAINWATER
  13. WHAT IS JOSEPH LISTER RESPONSIBLE FOR
    USED ASEPTIC TECHNIQUES IN SURGERY IN THE MID 1800'S
  14. WHAT IS FERDINAND COHN RESPONSIBLE FOR
    THE DISCOVERY OF ENDOSPORES
  15. WHAT ARE OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES AND IGNAZ SEMMELWEIS FOR
    THE IMPORTANCE OF ASEPTIC TECHNIQUES AND HAND WASHING BY PHYSICIANS ATTENDING PATIENTS
  16. WHAT IS ROBERT KOCH RESPONSIBLE FOR
    DEVELOPED A SERIES OF POSTULATES THAT VERIFIED THE GERM THEORY OF DISEASE AND ESTABLISHED A LINK BETWEEN A MICROBE AND THE DISEASE THAT IT CAUSED
  17. BASIC FUNCTION AND STRUCTURE OF CARBOHYDRATES
    MONOSACCHARIDES 3-7 CARBON SUGARS

    DISACCHARIDES AND POLYSACCHARIDES
  18. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF LIPIDS
    • STORAGE OF FATS AND OILS,
    • GLYCEROL 3 CARBON ALCOHOL WITH 3 OH GROUPS
    • FATTY ACIDS LONG CHAIN HYDROCARBON WITH CARBOXYL GROUP THAT BINDS WITH GLYCEROL
  19. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF PROTEINS
    MADE UP OF AMINO ACIDS WITH PEPTIDE BONDS
  20. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF NUCLEIC ACIDS
    • DNA
    • ADENINE -> THYMINE
    • GUANINE -> CYTOSINE
    • RNA
    • ADENINE -> URACIL
    • GUANINE -> CYTOSINE

    DOUBLE HELIX STRUCTURE
  21. PROTEIN PRIMARY STRUCTURE
    TYPE,NUMBER,ORDER OF AMINO ACIDS 
  22. PROTEIN SECONDARY STRUCTURE
    • FUNCTIONAL GROUPS EXPOSED ON THE OUTER SURFACE OF THE MOLECULE FORM HYDROGEN BONDS
    • ALPHA HELIX
    • BETA PLEATED SHEET
  23. PROTEIN TERTIARY STRUCTURE
    CREATED BY ADDITIONAL BONDS BETWEEN FUNCTIONAL GROUPS
  24. QUATERNARY STRUCTURE
    FORMED WHEN MORE THAN ONE POLYPEPTIDE FORMS A LARGE, MULTI-UNIT PROTEIN
  25. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF ATP
    • ADENINE, RIBOSE, AND TRIPHOSPHATE
    • ENERGY MOLECULE
  26. PROPER WAY OF WRITING AN ORGANISMS SCIENTIFIC NAME
    • Escherichia coli  ITALICIZED FIRST LETTER CAPITALIZED EVERYTHING ELSE LOWER CASE
    • IN PRINT UNDERLINE INSTEAD OF ITALICS
  27. TAXONOMY DESCENDING ORDER
    • DOMAIN - DOES
    • KINGDOM - KING
    • PHYLUM - PHILLIP
    • CLASS - COME
    • ORDER - OVER
    • FAMILY - FOR
    • GENUS - GOOD
    • SPECIES - SEX
  28. WHAT ARE THE 5 KINGDOMS
    • ANIMALS
    • PLANTS
    • PROTISTS
    • MONERA
    • FUNGI
  29. WHAT ARE THE 3 DOMAINS
    • BACTERIA
    • ARCHAEA
    • EUKARYA - PLANTS, ANIMALS, FUNGI, PROTISTS

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