Adler: His main concepts (individual psychology)—
against Freud, left group started his
- -Striving for superiority-big difference from Freud is description of human motivation. Freud described it in terms of sexual and aggressive themes, Adler described it as a single motivating force called striving for superiority. Begins with feelings of inferiority. Once the weak helpless child realized their need from others they strive to overcome their sense of inferiority. Achieving something moves us away from our feelings of inferiority. Excess inferiority makes them feel helpless and they run away from challenges. Express striving for superiority through social interest. Only reach goals for the welfare of others, keep society working. A striving that originates from the infant’s helplessness and dependence on others.
- that Adler did not describe the striving for superiority as a selfish
- orientation, but rather as striving that in channeled into “social
- interest”—involvement with the welfare of others.
- issues of birth order, what are the main qualities, according to Adler, of the
- -first-born-receive too much attention,
- pampered. After dethroned then feelings of inferiority. Often become perverts,
- criminals or drunks.
- born-Never pampered, develops a strong
- superiority striving. Highest achievers.
- born-Pampered by all members of the
- family, strong inferiority feelings because everyone is stronger and older than them. Remember that Adler himself was a middle child.
- -Be familiar with Adler’s biography, (he had
- inferiority in the classroom.) see how we can identify the connection between his own life and his theories. Note parental influence- first few years of life are very important
- in forming personality, he felt dethroned after younger brother was born, because mother’s attention was put on him. Pampering and neglect are two parent behaviors that almost certainly cause problems in child’s
- -Pampering-give children too much attention, over
- protect, this doesn’t allow child to be independent, may add to feelings of inferiority, and more personality problems. Allowing
- them to make mistakes is good for them in the long run. Neglect- too little attention, grow up cold and suspicious, uncomfortable with intimacy and may be uneasy with touching or
- closeness. how these affect the child. Note issue of
- inferiority complex-Likely to be overwhelmed with weakness and will run away from challenges rather than work them out.