Parasitology

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Author:
rcalabre
ID:
198347
Filename:
Parasitology
Updated:
2013-02-06 10:19:52
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Term 2
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  1. Mastigophera
    • Trichomonas
    • Giardia
    • Histomonas
    • Leishmania
    • Trypanosoma
  2. Nagana
    • T. congolense
    • T. vivax
    • T. brucei brucei
  3. Nagana symptoms
    • loss of meat/milk production
    • muscle wasting
    • anemia
  4. fly that transmits trypanasoma
    tsetse fly
  5. trypanocides
    • samorin, berenil
    • insecticides for fly control
  6. T. equiperdum
    • "Dirty Dourine" 
    • transmitted sexually in horses
  7. Life cycle
    • Metacyclics- pre-adapted to life in mammal
    • • Long slender bloodstream forms
    • • Short stumpy forms- pre-adapted to life in fly
    • • Procyclics in fly gut
    • • Epimastigote in salivary glands
  8. Nemataocera
    • small flies
    • only female parasitic
    • piercing-sucking mouthparts
  9. culicoides
    • biting midges
    • females need blood meal for egg development
  10. Culicoides vectors for:
    • blue tongue virus
    • african horse sickness
  11. simullidae
    • black flies
    • vector for onchocerca
    • one species of importance Simulium
  12. Simulium pathology
    • painful bites disturb grazing/feeding
    • mass swarm cause anaphylaxis
  13. Simulium vector for:
    • horse and cow onchocerca
    • eastern equine encephalitis (arbovirus)
  14. Psychodidae
    • sand flies
    • one species of importance Phlebotomine
  15. Phlebotomine vector for:
    Leishmania in humans and dogs
  16. Culicidae
    • mosquitoes
    • Adelopheles, Ades, Culex spp of importance
  17. Adelopheles, Ades, Culex spp vectors of:
    • heartworm in dogs
    • avian malaria (humans)
  18. Brachycera
    Tabanidae (horse fly)
  19. Tabanidae
    • females blood feeders
    • deep, painful bites
    • mechanically transmit:
    •       anthrax
    •       pasteurellosis
    •       trypanosomiasis
    •       anaplasmosis
  20. Cyclorrhapha
    Muscidae (non-biting)
    • Musca (house fly) and hydrotaea irritans
    • cause fly worry
    • mechanically transmit:
    •      anthrax
    •      mastitis causing bacteria
    •      conjuctivitis
  21. Cyclorrhapha
    Muscidae (biting)
    Stomoxys - similar to musca but with piercing mouthparts instead of sponging mouthparts

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