F&E IMBALANCES

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Author:
mthompson17
ID:
198442
Filename:
F&E IMBALANCES
Updated:
2013-02-06 18:09:47
Tags:
fluid electrolyte pathphysiology nursing
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Description:
S/S, etiology, treatment and nursing implications for F&E imbalances
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  1. Imbalance caused by water retention?
    hyponatremia
  2. Imbalance caused by losses in the skin, GI, and kidneys
    hypokalcemia & hyponatremia
  3. Imbalance caused by hypokalemia?
    hyponatremia
  4. 3 imbalances that may be caused by diuretics?  (esp loop diuretics)
    hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia
  5. Which imbalance is caused by dehydration?
    hypernatremia
  6. Which imbalance is caused by decreased thirst or inability to drink?
    hypernatremia
  7. 3 imbalances caused by sweating?
    hypokalemia, hypernatremia
  8. Decreased LOC, infants, and dementia patients are more at risk for what imbalances?
    hypernatremia
  9. 2 imbalances caused by diarrhea?
    hypernatremia, hypocalcemia
  10. 2 imbalances caused by emesis?
    hypokalemia & hypomagnesemia
  11. 2 imbalances that can be caused by burns?
    hyperkalemia & hyponatremia
  12. Imbalance caused by alkalosis?
    hypokalemia
  13. Imbalance caused by breathing treatments?
    hypokalemia
  14. 2 imbalances caused by renal failure?
    hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia
  15. Imbalance caused by cell injury?
    hyperkalemia
  16. Imbalance caused by acidosis?
    hyperkalemia
  17. Which electrolyte is dangerous when infused quickly in IV or with IV push?
    potassium
  18. Imbalance caused by hypoparathyroidism?
    hypocalcemia
  19. Imbalances that may be caused by cancer that effects the parathyroid gland?
    hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia
  20. Imbalance that may be caused by bedrest?
    hypercalcemia
  21. Imbalance that may be caused by lack of vitamin D
    hypocalcemia
  22. Imbalance that can be caused by excessive use of antacids?
    hypercalcemia
  23. Imbalance that can be caused by bone b/d?
    hypercalcemia
  24. Imbalance that can be caused by fistula drainage?
    hypomagnesmia
  25. Imbalance that can be caused by large magnesium intake?
    hypercalcemia
  26. Imbalance that causes cells to not be able to depolarize?
    hyponatremia
  27. Imbalance that causes behavioral changes?
    hyponatremia
  28. 2 imbalances that cause neurological changes?
    hypo and hyper natremia
  29. Imbalance that causes depressed reflexes?
    hyponatremia
  30. 4 imbalances that cause cardiac dysrhythmias?
    hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia,and hypercalcemia
  31. 2 imbalances that cause muscle weakness?

    Which one causes cramps?
    hypo and hyper kalemia

    hypokalemia causes cramps
  32. 2 imbalances that cause slowed GI functioning and constipation?
    hypokalemia & hypercalcemia
  33. Imbalance that causes restlessness and agitation?
    hypernatremia
  34. 3 imbalances that cause parasthesia?
    hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia
  35. Imbalance that causes muscle twitching, & tetany?
    hypocalcemia
  36. Imbalance that causes dyspnea?
    hyperkalemia
  37. Imbalance that causes laryngeal spasms?
    hypocalcemia
  38. 2 imbalances that alter neuromuscular functioning?
    hypo and hyper calcemia
  39. Imbalance that causes fractures and bone pain?
    hypocalcemia
  40. 2 imbalances that can effect clotting?
    hypokalemia and hypocalcemia
  41. Imbalance that causes depressed reflexes?
    hyponatremia
  42. Imbalance that is treated with insulin and glucose in emergencies?
    hyperkalemia
  43. Imbalance that causes stupor?
    hypercalcemia
  44. Imbalance that can be treated with hemodialysis?
    potassium
  45. Imbalance that is associated with hypervolemia and its S/S?
    hyponatremia
  46. Hydration is important in which imbalance?
    hypercalcemia
  47. Imbalance that causes HA?
    hypernatremia
  48. Imbalances that may require restriction of water intake?
    hyponatremia or hyperkalemia if due to renal damage
  49. Excess ___ can cause bradycardia.
    calcium
  50. Imbalance that is associated with dehydration?
    hypernatremia
  51. 3 imbalances that may be treated with loop diuretics?
    hyponatremia if caused by fluid excess, hyperkalemia, hypercalcemia
  52. Imbalances that may be treated with oral/IV solution?
    hypo and hyper natremia
  53. Which imbalance may be treated with kayexalate?
    hyperkalemia
  54. Imbalance that causes disorientation, seizures, and coma?
    hypernatremia
  55. Imbalance that causes postural hypotension?
    hypokalemia
  56. Imbalance that may be treated with vit D supplements?
    hypocalcemia
  57. 3 nursing implications for ALL electrolyte imbalances?
    nutritional teaching, monitoring serum levels, and monitoring VS
  58. 2 imbalances where I&O is very important?
    hyperkalcemia & hyponatremia
  59. Imbalance that requires monitoring of breath sounds and assessment for LE edema?
    hypernatremia
  60. 4 imbalances that require ECG monitoring?
    hypo and hyper kalemia and hypo and hyper calcemia
  61. Which imbalances require assessment of clotting time?
    hypokalemia and hypocalcemia
  62. Which imbalance requires special attention to ROM when bedridden?
    hypercalemia
  63. 9 S/S of hypervolemia/excess fluid?
    ascites, crackles, edema, orthopnea, hypertension, irritated cough, vein distension, dyspnea, strong, rapid pulse
  64. 9 S/S of hypovolemia/dehydration?
    anxiety or agitation, cool/clammy skin, confusion, weakness, pallor, tachypnea, diaphoresis, unconsciousness

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