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  1. What does cellular respiration produce?
    • ATP molecules with high potential energy
    • *often uses glucose for that
  2. What are the three components of glucose processing? 

    -the krebs cycle

    -electron transport coupled with oxidative phosphorylation
  3. formula of combustion of glucose
  4. When do plants make glucose?
  5. How is glucose often stored as? (3)
    starch, glycogen, fats
  6. What is glucose used for?
  7. From what processes can ATP be made from?
    fermentation and respiration
  8. What does ATP consist of?
    -3 phosphate groups


  9. (atp consist of) How are ribose and adenine linked?
    through covalent bond
  10. (ATP made of) what is main source of energy in ATP?
  11. Diagram of ATP
  12. Whats ribose (small description) (2)
    -5-carbon sugar

    -important sugar in RNA and ATP
  13. Diagram of Ribose linear
  14. Diagram of ribose ring structure
  15. What type of sugar is often marketed for bodybuilding purposes? 
  16. Brief description of adenine (2)
    -one of bases found in DNA

    -is used to carry energy from one molecule to another
  17. Diagram of adenine
  18. ATP Hydrolyzed

    • -this reaction is highly exergonic
    • *gives off alot of energy
  19. What does phosphorylation lead to?
    changes shape of protein and activity
  20. What is phosphorylation?
    -phosphate that binds to protein
  21. SLide 15
  22. (slide 15) PArt A= Glycolysis
    • -glucose will go through series of reactions that will end up becoming pyruvate, a small ATP production, and NADH
  23. (slide 15) Part B= Pyruvate processing and krebs cycle (4)
    -pyruvate goes into mitochondria

    • -enzymes will produce CO2 and NADH
    • *rest goes into krebs cycle

    -After series of reactions in Krebs cycle, CO2 + ATP + NADH FADH is released

  24. (slide 15) Part C= Electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation (3)
    -move energetic electrons across proteins

    -oxygen will move into the proton gradient

    -ATP and H2O will be made

  25. Slide 16= NAD+ and NADH diagram
  26. (slide 16) What does NAD+ contain?
    adenine, ribose, 2 phosphates (all three made ADP) , ribose, and a ring molecule
  27. (slide 16)(Ring molecule NAD+) Ring moleucle will..
    go through a process called reduction
  28. (slide 16)What happens to NAD+ in reduction process?
    -takes on H+ and 2 electrons to become NADH
  29. (slide 16) How does NADH become a NAD+?
    NADH gives up its electron and proton 
  30. (slide 18) The atom that has been reduced does it have more or less electrons?
  31. (slide 18)  Which has the highest form? Oxi or red?
    • reduced
    • *oxi loses energy
  32.  Oxi or red?
    Reduced because carbon gains electrons
  33. NAD+ is the Oxi or red?
    oxidized form
  34. (oxi and red pneumonic) When a molecule is reduced...
    the postive charge is reduced
  35. (oxi and red pnuemonic) LEO the lion goes GER
    lost of electron= oxidation

    Gain of electron= Reduced
  36. NAD stands for?
  37. From where does the word nicotine come from?
    • -plant called nicotiana
    • *named after french that introducced tobacco
    • **Jean Nicot
  38. Ultimate source of energy for contructing ATP is
  39. Average dialy intake of 2500 calories translates to..
    turnover of 180 kg of ATP

Card Set Information

2013-02-12 02:15:55

Cell resp. pt 1
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