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  1. What does cellular respiration produce?
    • ATP molecules with high potential energy
    • *often uses glucose for that
  2. What are the three components of glucose processing? 

    -the krebs cycle

    -electron transport coupled with oxidative phosphorylation
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  4. formula of combustion of glucose
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  5. When do plants make glucose?
  6. How is glucose often stored as? (3)
    starch, glycogen, fats
  7. What is glucose used for?
  8. From what processes can ATP be made from?
    fermentation and respiration
  9. What does ATP consist of?
    -3 phosphate groups


  10. (atp consist of) How are ribose and adenine linked?
    through covalent bond
  11. (ATP made of) what is main source of energy in ATP?
  12. Diagram of ATP
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  13. Whats ribose (small description) (2)
    -5-carbon sugar

    -important sugar in RNA and ATP
  14. Diagram of Ribose linear
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  15. Diagram of ribose ring structure
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  16. What type of sugar is often marketed for bodybuilding purposes? 
  17. Brief description of adenine (2)
    -one of bases found in DNA

    -is used to carry energy from one molecule to another
  18. Diagram of adenine
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  19. ATP Hydrolyzed
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    • -this reaction is highly exergonic
    • *gives off alot of energy
  20. What does phosphorylation lead to?
    changes shape of protein and activity
  21. What is phosphorylation?
    -phosphate that binds to protein
  22. SLide 15
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  23. (slide 15) PArt A= Glycolysis
    • -glucose will go through series of reactions that will end up becoming pyruvate, a small ATP production, and NADH
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  24. (slide 15) Part B= Pyruvate processing and krebs cycle (4)
    -pyruvate goes into mitochondria

    • -enzymes will produce CO2 and NADH
    • *rest goes into krebs cycle

    -After series of reactions in Krebs cycle, CO2 + ATP + NADH FADH is released

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  25. (slide 15) Part C= Electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation (3)
    -move energetic electrons across proteins

    -oxygen will move into the proton gradient

    -ATP and H2O will be made

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  26. Slide 16= NAD+ and NADH diagram
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  27. (slide 16) What does NAD+ contain?
    adenine, ribose, 2 phosphates (all three made ADP) , ribose, and a ring molecule
  28. (slide 16)(Ring molecule NAD+) Ring moleucle will..
    go through a process called reduction
  29. (slide 16)What happens to NAD+ in reduction process?
    -takes on H+ and 2 electrons to become NADH
  30. (slide 16) How does NADH become a NAD+?
    NADH gives up its electron and proton 
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  32. (slide 18) The atom that has been reduced does it have more or less electrons?
  33. (slide 18)  Which has the highest form? Oxi or red?
    • reduced
    • *oxi loses energy
  34. Image Upload Oxi or red?
    Reduced because carbon gains electrons
  35. NAD+ is the Oxi or red?
    oxidized form
  36. (oxi and red pneumonic) When a molecule is reduced...
    the postive charge is reduced
  37. (oxi and red pnuemonic) LEO the lion goes GER
    lost of electron= oxidation

    Gain of electron= Reduced
  38. NAD stands for?
  39. From where does the word nicotine come from?
    • -plant called nicotiana
    • *named after french that introducced tobacco
    • **Jean Nicot
  40. Ultimate source of energy for contructing ATP is
  41. Average dialy intake of 2500 calories translates to..
    turnover of 180 kg of ATP
Card Set:
2013-02-12 02:15:55

Cell resp. pt 1
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