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a terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation
Ex. “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely”
a digression in the form of an address to someone not present, or to a personified object or idea
Ex. “O Death, where is thy sting?”
a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases
Ex. “He went to the country, to the town went she.”
1. a new word, meaning, usage, or phrase.
2. the introduction or use of new words or new senses of existing words.
(epiphora) the repetition of a word or words at the end of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences
Ex. “I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassius wrong. …”
the substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt.
Ex. “To pass away” is a euphemism for “to die.”