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a terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation
Ex. “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely”
a digression in the form of an address to someone not present, or to a personified object or idea
Ex. “O Death, where is thy sting?”
a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases
Ex. “He went to the country, to the town went she.”
1. a new word, meaning, usage, or phrase.
2. the introduction or use of new words or new senses of existing words.
(epiphora) the repetition of a word or words at the end of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences
Ex. “I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassius wrong. …”
the substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt.
Ex. “To pass away” is a euphemism for “to die.”
a discussion in an imaginary dialogue or discourse
an insulting or abusive word or expression.
the suggestion, by deliberately concise treatment of a topic, that much of significance is being omitted
Ex. “not to mention other faults.”
asking a question & then proceeding to answer it
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special
Ex. saying the Redskins v.s. naming every member on the team individually
a short, obscure historical or biographical account.
the suggesting of additional meanings by a word or expression, apart from its literal meaning;the act of connoting.
Ex. A possible connotation of “home” is “a place of warmth, comfort, and affection.”
1. a word that names or signifies something specific
2. the act or fact of denoting; indication.
3. something that denotes; mark; symbol.
Ex. “Wind” is the denotation for air in natural motion. “Poodle”is the denotation for a certain breed of dog.
a formal discussion of a subject in speech or writing
Ex. a dissertation, treatise, sermon, etc.
a quotation at the beginning of a book, chapter, etc, suggesting its theme
obvious and intentional exaggeration.
the language, especially the vocabulary, peculiar to a particular trade, profession, or group
Ex. medical jargon.
the state or quality of being objective:
1. the state or quality of being subjective; subjectiveness.
2. internal reality.
A figure by which a word is repeated with vehemence or emphasis
Ex. Alone, alone, all all alone, Alone on a wide wide sea. --Coleridge.
irony in which a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play.
irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected.
a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect
Ex. “cruel kindness” or “to make haste slowly.”