AfAm Feb 2012.txt

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davidhopescott
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AfAm Feb 2012.txt
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African American History Month Flash Cards
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  1. He is the first African-American astronaut he orbited on the Challenger mission
    STS-8, in 1983
    Guion Stewart "Guy" Bluford, Jr.
  2. She is the first African-American woman to be appointed as the Secretary of State in
    2005.
    Condoleezza Rice
  3. She is the first African American to win Broadway theater's Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play, in 2004.
    Phylicia Rashad
  4. In 2002 she became first African-American woman to win the Academy Award for Best Actress - for Monster's Ball, 2001.
    Halle Berry
  5. He was the first African American to break the color barrier in Major League Baseball, it was 1947.
    Jackie Robinson
  6. It was in 1921 when she became the first African-American woman to receive a pilot's license and the first to become a stunt pilot
    Bessie Coleman
  7. In 2010, she became the first African-American attorney general of California.
    Kamala Harris
  8. In 1980 he became the first African-American speaker of the California State Assembly.
    Willie Lewis Brown, Jr.
  9. It was 1918 when he became the first African American elected to political office on the West Coast, California State Assembly
    Frederick Madison Roberts
  10. He became the first African American elected mayor of Los Angeles, California. The first to become mayor of a major Western city. He served from 1973 - 1993.
    Tom Bradley
  11. 2009 brought her to the White House as the first African-American White House Social Secretary.
    Desirée Rogers
  12. In 2003 she became the first African American to win a Career Grand Slam in tennis.
    Serena Williams
  13. In 2009 he became the first African American to appear by himself on a circulating U.S. coin.
    Duke Ellington
  14. Military and Politician. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He led US Forces during the first Gulf War. In 2001 he became the first African-American Secretary of State.
    Colin Powell
  15. Diplomat. He was the first non black to win the Noble Peace Prize for his work in mediating the Arab Israeli conflict in the 1940's, He helped form the United Nations.
    Dr. Ralph Bunche
  16. Statesman, He was a self-educated slave who escaped in 1838 and became a leading figure in anti-slavery. He was well known as an abolitionist speaker. First African-American nominee for Vice President of the United States: by the Equal Rights Party (In 1872). He edited an anti-slavery weekly, the North Star.
    Frederick Douglas
  17. African-American inventor who played a key role in improving practical electrical lighting
    Lewis Latimer
  18. Boxer: United States prizefighter who won the world heavyweight championship three times (born in 1942)
    Muhammad Ali
  19. Tennis Player: United States tennis player who was the first Black to win United States and English singles championships (1943-1993)
    Arthur Ashe
  20. Basketball player, considered to be the greatest to ever play the game. He is one of the most marketed sports figures
    Michael Jordan
  21. Boxer: First African American boxer to win the World Heavyweight title (1908), represented idea of the ""New Negro"" in early-1900s American culture. He was the most famous black of his time.
    Jack Johnson
  22. Golfer: Who was the first Black golfer to win the Masters Golf Tournament, one of the greatest golfers of all time and one of the highest paid professional athletes.
    Tiger Woods
  23. Baseball Player: Black baseball hall-of-famer, played for New York Mets from 1950s to 1972. The ""Say Hey Kid"". He won two Most Valuable Player Awards and hit 660 home runs. He was considered the greatest all-around player of all time.
    Willie Mays
  24. Track and Field: United States athlete and Black American who won four gold medals at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin shredding Nazi Germany's image of Aryan racial superiority.
    Jesse Owens
  25. Basketball Player and Coach: A basketball superstar who became the first African American to manage a major league sports team. During his playing career he won five Most Valuable Player Awards and 11 Championships with the Boston Celtics.
    Bill Russell
  26. Boxer. One of the greatest boxers in history, the Brown Bomber became a national Hero he burst onto the professional boxing scene in 1934. Known to many as the ""Brown Bomber,"" he emerged victorious from his first 27 fights, all but four of which he won in knockouts.
    Joe Louis
  27. Football Player: He led the NFL in rushing in eight of his nine seasons and scored 126 touchdowns. Widely considered the greatest pro-football player ever.
    Jim Brown
  28. Baseball Player: He was a professional baseball player who broke Babe Ruth's home run record in 1974. He is a Hall of Famer who won baseball's Most Valuable Player Award in 1957.
    Hank Aaron
  29. Track and Field: Is a famous African American Track & Field star & first female to win three gold medals in a single Olympic game. She was known as the fastest woman on Earth.
    Wilma Rudolph
  30. Baseball Player: He broke the Major League Baseball color barrier in 1947, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.
    Jackie Robinson
  31. His trailblazing comedic style earned him two Emmy Awards, the American Academy of Humor Award, several gold and platinum comedy albums and five Grammy Awards. He was one of the most influential American comedians.
    Richard Pryor
  32. Black female comedian, actress, and talk show host: She has one an Academy Award, An Emmy, A Grammy, and a Tony Award
    Whoopi Goldberg
  33. Educator & Leader. He emphasized education and family values as means for blacks to succeed. The national spokesperson for the African American cause at the turn of the 20th Century.
    Booker T. Washington
  34. Scientist. He was the first African American chemist inducted into the National Academy of Sciences. He was a pioneer in the medicinal drug industry.
    Percy Lavon Julian
  35. Businessman. Co founder of the iconic Def Jam Brand. He was the driving force in the establishment of Hip Hop music and culture for mainstream.
    Russell Simmons
  36. Author and Professor. She was the first African American women to win a Nobel prize in literature. She is a celebrated novelist won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction.
    Toni Morrison
  37. Businessman. He was an African American songwriter who formed the hugely popular record company Motown in the 1960's. This company played an important role in the racial integration of popular music.
    Berry Gordy, Jr.
  38. Novelist, Poet, and Activist. In 1942 she became the first black San Francisco Streetcar Conductor. Civil rights activist, lecturer, and author wrote an autobiography, ""I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings"". She has also written poetry and scripts for films and has acted in movies. On January 20, 1993, she read her poem, ""On the Pulse of Morning"" at William ""Bill"" Jefferson Clinton's 1993 Presidential Inauguration.
    Maya Angelou
  39. Military General. He was the first African American General in the US Air Force & the commander of the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II
    Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.
  40. Businesswoman. In 1910 she became the first woman and the first African American millionaire, developing a line of hair and beauty products for women in the early part of the 20th century.
    Madam C. J. Walker
  41. Poet, Author, & Playwright. He played a major role in the Harlem Renaissance, as an author of poems, plays, and essays juvenile fiction and biographies. He was called ""Poet Laureate of Black America"" and wrote the Weary Blues, Dream Deferred and the Negro Speaks of Rivers.
    Langston Hughes
  42. Lawyer. Known as the man who abolished Jim Crow,he was involved in every major supreme court case involving desegregation including Brown vs. Brown
    Charles Houston
  43. Scientist & Inventor. Revolutionized agriculture in the south through development of alternative crops to cotton. He also developed and promoted about 100 products made from peanuts that were useful for the house and farm.
    George Washington Carver
  44. Founder of BET. He was the first black majority owner of a pro sports team- the Charlotte Bobcats. He became the first African American billionaire in 2001.
    Bob Johnson
  45. Actress and Businesswoman. She created the highest rated talk show in television history. She is the richest African American & one of the most influential women in the world.
    Oprah Winfrey
  46. He was a Civil Rights Leader and one of the founders of the NAACP. In 1895 he was the first African-American to receive Ph.D. from Harvard.
    W. E. B. Du Bois
  47. Entertainer & Singer. 1919-1965 The first African American to host a Variety Show. He was a pianist whose blended swing blues and pop ballads crossed over to white pop charts.
    Nat King Cole
  48. Singer. A famous female African American singer, songwriter, and pianist. She has won 18 and has two honorary Grammy Awards. She is one of the greatest singers of all time and is referred to as The Queen of Soul
    Aretha Franklin
  49. Author. She is the author of the novel, The Color Purple, she won on the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
    Alice Walker
  50. Historian & Writer. He earned a Ph.D. at Harvard. In 1915 he founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History. He established the Journal of Negro History and the Negro History Bulletin. He is the Father of Negro History Week now known as Black History Month
    Carter G. Woodson
  51. 1st African American woman elected to Congress (NY) and later made a bid for the Democratic nomination in the 1972 presidential campaign
    Shirley Chisholm
  52. United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the Montgomery Boycott and national civil rights movement
    Rosa Parks
  53. Lawyer and Supreme Court Justice. The first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Prior to becoming a judge, he was a lawyer who was best remembered for his activity in the Little Rock 9 and his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education
    Thurgood Marshall
  54. Abolitionist. American abolitionist. Born a slave on a Maryland plantation, she escaped to the North in 1849 and became the most renowned conductor on the Underground Railroad, leading more than 300 slaves to freedom.
    Harriet Tubman
  55. Minister & Civil Rights Leader. A controversial leader of the Nation of Islam, he argued that African Americans should work for social and political independence even if this included using violence as a means toward equity.
    Malcolm X
  56. Educator & Civil Rights Leader. In 1938, she became the first African American female federal agency head. She served as Director of Negro Affairs in National Youth Administration. She mentored a whole generation of black leaders and was an adviser to Elenore and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
    Mary McLead Bethune
  57. Minister & Civil Rights Leader. He was an African American Baptist Minister and Civil Rights Leader. He was a noted orator who opposed discrimination. He organized massive demonstrations of peaceful and nonviolent resistance. He was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee in 1968.
    Martin Luther King, Jr.
  58. Entertainer. A comedian, actor, and producer. He is best known for his stand-up routines, including ""Fat Albert,"" which later became an animated cartoon, and for his ground-breaking television series I Spy and The Cosby Show, which shaped the television image of the black family
    Bill Cosby
  59. Entertainer. This ""Getting Jiggy With It"" rapper has become a successful actor with eight straight #1 films at the box office including Men in Black. The Fresh Prince has a total of Four Grammy Awards.
    Will Smith
  60. Musician and Songwriter. An African-American rock 'n' roll musician and composer, who influenced many musicians of the 1950s and 1960s.
    Chuck Berry
  61. Musician and Composer. He is the most Grammy-nominated artist in the history of the awards with 79 nominations and 26 awards. He was the first African American musical director for the Academy Awards.
    Quincy Jones
  62. He was a black jazz musician in the 1940's and 50's he was on the forefront of modern jazz and invented bebop. He aspired to challenge authority and encouraged people to stand up for civil rights.
    Miles Davis
  63. Singer. In 1969 this opera singer who made her debut and has since sung in a variety of opera houses around the world.
    Jessye Norman
  64. Bandleader, composer, pianist. As a jazz pianist and composer, he led his ten-piece orchestra at the cotton club. Known for the popular classic, "Take the 'A' Train."
    Edward "Duke" Ellington
  65. Journalist and anti-lynching crusader who used the press to expose the harsh injustices faced by African Americans. And investigative reporter; she published The Red Record and was editor of the "Memphis Free Speech."
    Ida B. Wells Barnett
  66. National Council of Negro Women Chairperson. President Emeritus of National Council of Negro Women. The godmother of the women's movement. One of the ""Big Six"" in the 1960's Civil Rights Movement.
    Dorothy Heights
  67. Talk Show Host. He is the host of a nationally syndicated radio show and was inducted into the International Civil Rights Walk of Fame at the Martin Luther King National Historic Site in January 12, 2008.
    Tom Joyner
  68. Dancer Choreographer. In 1965, he took his group on one of the most successful European tours ever made by an American Dance company. He was awarded the NAACP Spingarn Medal in 1976
    Alvin Ailey
  69. Poet. First African American woman to win a Pulitzer Prize. She was named consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1985.
    Gwendolyn Brooks
  70. Laws written to separate blacks and whites in public areas/meant African Americans had unequal opportunities in housing, work, education, and government.
    Jim Crow
  71. To abolish or eliminate segregation so places like schools or workplace become open to members of all races or ethnic groups.
    Desegregation
  72. The highest federal court in the United States; it has the final appellate jurisdiction and has jurisdiction over all other courts in the nation
    Supreme Court
  73. 1954- Stated the the segregation of public schools is unconstitutional and ordered that all states must eventually desegregate the schools. Case over-turned Plessy vs. Ferguson (separate but equal)
    Brown vs. the Board of Education
  74. One who provides information
    Educator
  75. A person who guides or inspires others
    Leader
  76. A person with advanced knowledge of the sciences. That studies or practices any of the sciences or who uses scientific methods
    Scientist
  77. A man engaged in business or who transact business. One who engages in industrial commercial enterprise.
    Businessperson
  78. A person who writes, especially as an occupation. This includes books, stories, screenplays, poems, or articles
    Writer
  79. Someone who takes direct action to achieve a political goal.
    Activist
  80. One who writes books, stories, screenplays, poems, or articles
    Author
  81. A commissioned rank in the U.S. Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps that is above lieutenant general.
    Military General
  82. A writer of poems
    Poet
  83. An author of a play
    Playwright
  84. One whose profession is to give legal advice and assistance and to provide representation in court or in other legal matters.
    Lawyer
  85. BET is part of BET Networks, it is the most prominent television network targeting young Black-American audiences and is the leading provider of Black-American cultural and entertainment-based programming
    Black Entertainment Television
  86. This is a person who creates or discovers a new method, form, other useful means, or device
    Inventor
  87. The practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
    Agriculture
  88. Someone who helps to open up a new line of research, technology, or idea
    Pioneer
  89. An honorary American society of scientists created by President Lincoln during the American Civil War
    National Academy of Sciences
  90. An annual award by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for achievements in motion picture production and performance
    Academy Award (Oscar)
  91. It is the recognition for outstanding achievements in the music industry.
    Grammy Award
  92. This award recognizes outstanding achievement in live Broadway theater.
    Tony Award
  93. This award is for outstanding achievement in television
    Emmy Award
  94. An annual award for outstanding contributions to physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and for work in peace. Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been honoring men and women from all corners of the globe for outstanding achievements in these areas. The foundations for the prize were laid in 1895 when Alfred Nobel wrote his last will, leaving much of his wealth to the establishment of the Nobel Prize.
    Nobel Prize
  95. A record company; it played an important role of the integration of African American music into popular music
    Motown Records
  96. Plants and other substances grown that have a therapeutic value for the body
    Medicinal Drug Industry   
  97. Co-founded in 1984 by the hip hop promoter Russell Simons and the musician-produced Rick Rubin. During the 1980s, It cross-promoted a new generation of artists, expanding and diversifying the national audience for hip hop, and in 1986 became the first rap oriented independent label to sing a distribution deal with one of the "Big Five" record companies, Columbia Records.
    Def Jam
  98. The prestigious award given annually for excellence in American journalism, literature, and music.
    Pulitzer Prize
  99. The leader of executive branch of government and the nation's head of state. This office is elected every 4 years and promises to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution. Also the leader of the United States military.
    President of the United States
  100. The head of the Department of State and traditionally a key adviser to the president on foreign policy
    Secretary of State
  101. Member of the Supreme Court, part of the judicial branch of government.
    Supreme Court Justice
  102. Branch of the government that makes sure the laws follow the Constitution. It interprets the law.
    Judicial Branch of Government
  103. The president and his advisors, the branch of government charged with the execution and enforcement of laws and policies and the administration of public affairs.
    Executive Branch of Government
  104. The branch of government having the power to make laws. It is composed of the Senate and House of Representatives. Another name for this branch is called Congress.
    Legislative Branch of Government
  105. International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace, security, and cooperation
    United Nations
  106. Father of Black History
    Carter Woodson
  107. A scholar who studies and writes about the historical past
    Historian
  108. A protest from 1955-1956 by African Americans against racial segregation in the public transit system in Montgomery, Alabama.
    Montgomery Boycott
  109. Is the nation's highest court, it is the Judicial Branch of Government.
    The Supreme Court
  110. A person who is against slavery and who wants to abolish it.
    Abolitionist
  111. A man who is a respected leader in national or international affairs
    Statesman
  112. A person authorized to conduct religious worship, clergy, Pastor.
    Minister
  113. A person who entertains; a professional singer, comedian, dancer, or reciter.
    Entertainer
  114. One that acts: one who represents a character in a dramatic production or a theatrical performer
    Actor/Actress
  115. A composer of words or music for popular songs
    Songwriter
  116. An artist who composes or conducts music as a profession
    Musician
  117. A person who sings
    Singer
  118. Someone who composes music as a profession
    Composer
  119. A show consisting of a series of short unrelated performances
    Variety Show
  120. Was established to celebrate the contributions African Americans have made in history.
    Black History Month
  121. Inventor, Ironing Board
    Sarah Boone
  122. Inventor, Pressure Cooker
    Maurice W. Lee
  123. Inventor, Pencil Sharpener
    John L. Love
  124. Inventor Fire Extinguisher
    Tom Marshall
  125. Inventor, Shoe Lasting Machine
    Jan Malzeliger
  126. Inventor, Steam Engine Lubricators
    Elijah McCoy
  127. Inventor, Steam driven rotary engine
    Andrew Jackson Beard
  128. Inventor, Sugar Refinement
    Norbert Rillieux
  129. Inventor, Cellular Phone
    Henry Sampson
  130. Inventor, Air Conditioning Unit, Refrigeration Controls Defroster
    Frederick M. Jones
  131. Inventor, Helicopter
    Paul E. Williams
  132. Inventor, Super Soaker
    Lonnie Johnson
  133. Inventor, Corn Planter
    Henry Blair
  134. Inventor, Incandescent Light Bulb
    Lewis Latimer
  135. Inventor, Folding Cabinet Bed
    Sarah Goode
  136. Playwright, Conductor. Two time Pulitzer Prize winning playwright of the modern American theater. Some of his best best work was featured at the Pasadena Playhouse.
    August Wilson
  137. He won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Glory (1989) and in 2002 a Best Actor Academy Award for Training Day (2001). He also starred in Remember the Titans, Antwone Fisher, and Man on Fire.
    Denzel Washington
  138. Pianist, Composer. He played a key role in the campaign to honor Dr. Martin Luther King's birthday as a nation holiday. He is a popular entertainer, singer, and songwriter. He began recording at the age of 10 and has 15 gold and platinum records.
    Stevie Wonder
  139. Business/General Manager. General Manager of Pasadena Water and Power since 2001 providing electricity and water to the City of Pasadena and portions of Altadena. Chief Financial Officer for the LA Department of Water and Power from 1992 to 1999.
    Phyllis E. Currie
  140. Retired from active service but retained to an honorary position.
    Emeritus
  141. Activists, including King, who held prominent positions during the civil rights movement.
    The Big Six
  142. Publisher and Media Executive. He is the publisher of Black Enterprise magazine. He was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 2007.
    Earl Graves
  143. Entrepreneur. This basketball player was the MVP of the NBA in 1987, 1989, and 1990. He is a minority owner in professional sports teams. He is the CEO of a company worth $700 million which includes a promotional nation wide chain of movie theaters, restaurants, coffee shops, and a movie studio.
    Earvin "Magic" Johnson
  144. Former CEO of the Johnson Publishing Co., which is the most prosperous and powerful black publishing company in the United States. He started Ebony, Jet, and EM magazines. He was awarded the Spingarn Medal for his contributions to Black America through imagination in publishing.
    John H. Johnson
  145. Is awarded to an "African American who perform acts of distinguished merit and achievement". It was created by the President of the NAACP in 1914.
    Spingarn Medal
  146. Former Executive VP, NBC Universal. She was the first African American woman toe become general manager at a network owned station at a top five market. When appointed in 2007 as chief diversity officer it was the first time in the history of NBC Universal that a senior executive has had diversity as his or her sole responsibility.
    Paula Madison
  147. He is a lawyer and the former Executive Director of Tran Africa. in 1900 he played an important role in securing the release of Nelson Mandela and also in the passage of the Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986.
    Randall Robinson
  148. Civil Rights Leader. He organized voter registration drives, demonstrations, and boycotts. He was posthumously awarded the Spingarn Medal in 1963. Outrage over his assassination helped to pass the Civil Right Act of 1964.
    Medger W. Evers
  149. Founder of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and A. Phillip Randolph Institute. Organized the "Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters" to helped African Americans railway car attendants working for the Pullman Palace Car Company. in 1964, he founded the A. Phillip Randolph Institute in New York City to eradicate discrimination and to defend human civil rights.
    A. Phillip Randolph
  150. Politics. He was the founder of the Tuskegee Institute and helped develop the Negro Business League. He wrote Up From Slavery.
    Booker T. Washington
  151. University President. He has served a the 6th President of California State University, Los Angeles for more than 30 years. He holds the rank of professor of health care management and professor of microbiology at the University.
    Dr. James Rossner
  152. Former Principal of George Washington Preparatory High School and PUSD Assistant Superintendent. His reform tactics tuned George Washington Preparatory High School in Los Angeles, from a failing institution to one where nearly 80% of it graduates went on to collage. His work led to his being the subject of the award-winning CBS Movie, The George McKenna Story, starring Denzel Washington.
    George McKenna
  153. United Negro College Fund Founder (1901 - 1988). He was the director of the school of agriculture and later president of Tuskegee Institute. In 1944, he organized the United Negro College Fund, a cooperative fund-raising organization, to provide financial assistance to predominately black colleges and universities.
    Federick D. Patterson
  154. One of many activities in which people from many backgrounds rode buses throughout the South to test the integration of interstate buses and terminals
    Freedom Ride
  155. To walk or stand together with signs to protest
    Picket
  156. In violation of the Constitution
    Unconstitutional
  157. Unjust or cruel exercise of power or authority
    Oppression
  158. Showing an unfair difference in treatment
    Discrimination
  159. A set of buildings begun by the King Family and by friends of Dr. King, where people study about Dr. King by using pictures, models, and various presentations
    Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change, Inc.
  160. A group of people with common background.
    Ethnic Group
  161. Discuss by considering different points of view.
    Debate
  162. Law
    Act
  163. Suggested law
    Bill
  164. To kill a well known leader
    Assassinate
  165. A system of government in which the national and state governments share power
    Federal
  166. The legislative body of government who make our laws, the legislature of the United States government
    Congress
  167. Invented the home security system in 1966 Marie Brown
  168. "An African American inventor who on April 26, 1892, obtained United States patent rights for her improvements to the ironing board." Sarah Boone
  169. "Invented , in 1899 patented an improved rotary blade for the lawn mower." John Burr
  170. "A black chemist and director of agriculture at the Tuskegee Institute, where he invented over 300 uses for peanuts including lotions, soaps, and paints." George Washington Carver
  171. "In 1898, the hairbrush" Lyda D. Newman
  172. First U.S. Patent for a disposable syringe Phil Brooks
  173. "Research engineer for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. He received some 40 U.S. patents relating to HVAC systems" "Crosthwait, David, Jr."
  174. Invented the bicycle frame Isaac R. Johnson
  175. Steam driven rotary engine Andrew Jackson
  176. Inventor. The Potato Chip George Crum
  177. "Inventor. Telephone transmitter, automatic air brake, and roller coaster" Granville T. Woods
  178. "Inventor. In 1971, he invented the gamma electric cell, which converts radiation directly into electricity." Dr. Henry T. Sampson
  179. In 1980 he started working at IBM and was instrumental in the invention of the Personal Computer (PC). He holds three of IBM's original nine PC patents and currently holds more than 20 total patents. Dr. Mark Dean
  180. "Inventor of the Illusion Transmitter, which creates three-dimensional projections." Dr. Valerie L. Thomas
  181. "This inventor long with a colleague, developed the microphone (officially known as the Electroacoustic Transducer Electret Microphone) and they received a patent for it in 1962." James E. West
  182. He invented the machine that makes bread (faster than six people could cheaply) and the machine that makes bread crumbs. Joseph Lee
  183. "As a famous black inventor this scientist invented the Super Soaker squirt gun, released in 1989." Lonnie G. Johnson
  184. "Inventor. Blood Plasma. In 1944 this African-American physician, developed techniques for the storing and processing of blood for transfusion. His research on the preservation of blood and during WWII, helped developed blood-transfusion programs for the British and the French." Dr. Charles Drew
  185. Was an African-American inventor and businessman. He was the first person to patent a traffic signal. He also developed the gas mask (and many other inventions). Garrett Augustus Morgan
  186. "She was the first African American woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for poetry, the year 1950." Gwendolyn Brooks
  187. In 1965 he was the first black to have a starring role in a continuing network television dramatic series. Bill Cosby
  188. He was the first celebrity to have two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame Michael Jackson
  189. The First African American to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993. Toni Morrison
  190. In 1964 he became the First African American to win an Oscar for a staring role for his performance in Lilies of the Field. Sydney Poitier
  191. First known African-American woman to publish a book in 1773. Phillis Wheatley
  192. Was the first African American to hold a patent: for a dry-cleaning process (In 1821) Thomas L. Jennings
  193. The first African American to receive a degree from an American college: Middlebury College (In 1823). Also the first to be elected into public office serving as a state legislature (in 1836). Alexander Twilight
  194. First African-American owned-and-operated newspaper (in 1827) Freedom's Journal
  195. First African-American graduate of West Point and first African-American commissioned officer in the U.S. military (in 1877) Henry Ossian Flipper
  196. First professional black baseball player (in 1884) Moses Fleetwood Walker
  197. Becomes the first African-American women to get a patent - for a bed that folded into a cabinet (In 1885) Sarah E. Goode
  198. First African American to earn a doctorate degree (Ph.D.) from Harvard University (In 1895) W.E.B. Du Bois
  199. First African-American woman to work for the United States Postal Service (In 1895) Mary Fields
  200. In 1902 he became the first African-American professional basketball player: (Played for the New England Professional Basketball League) Harry Lew
  201. First African American to win a medal in the Olympics - two bronze medals in track and field (1904) George Poage
  202. In 1916 he became the first African-American football player to play in a Rose Bowl game (he played for Brown University). Fritz Pollard
  203. "In 1938, she became the first African-American female federal agency head (National Youth Administration)" Mary McLeod Bethune
  204. "In 1940, she became the first African American to win an Academy Award (for Best Supporting Actress in Gone with the Wind)" Hattie McDaniel
  205. "He was the first First African American to win Nobel Peace Prize, 1950" Ralph Bunche
  206. "In 1950, she became the first African-American woman to compete on the world tennis tour" Althea Gibson
  207. In 2009 she became the First African-American Disney Princess. Princess Tiana
  208. "In 2009, she became the first African-American woman CEO of a Fortune 500 company the Xerox Corporation." Ursula Burns
  209. "In 2009, she became the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for History (The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family)" Annette Gordon-Reed
  210. Politician. The 44th President of the United States and the First African American to be elected president of the U.S. in 2008. He was re-elected in 2012. Barack Obama
  211. She became the first African-American First Lady of the United States in 2009. Michelle Obama
  212. "She became the first African-American model to appear on the cover of Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition, in 1997." Tyra Banks
  213. "In 1997, he became the first African American to win a men's major golf championship" Tiger Woods
  214. "In 1993 she became the first African American woman to win the Nobel Prize for literature, she wrote Beloved." Toni Morrison
  215. She is the first African-American woman astronaut. In 1992 she went into orbit aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour. Dr. Mae Jemison
  216. In 1991 he became the first African American nominated for a Best Director Academy Award for Boyz n the Hood John Singleton
  217. Invented the home security system in 1966
    Marie Brown
  218. "An African American inventor who on April 26, 1892, obtained United States patent rights for her improvements to the ironing board."
    Sarah Boone
  219. "Invented , in 1899 patented an improved rotary blade for the lawn mower."
    John Burr
  220. "A black chemist and director of agriculture at the Tuskegee Institute, where he invented over 300 uses for peanuts including lotions, soaps, and paints."
    George Washington Carver
  221. "In 1898, the hairbrush"
    Lyda D. Newman
  222. First U.S. Patent for a disposable syringe
    Phil Brooks
  223. "Research engineer for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. He received some 40 U.S. patents relating to HVAC systems"
    "Crosthwait, David, Jr."
  224. Invented the bicycle frame
    Isaac R. Johnson
  225. Steam driven rotary engine
    Andrew Jackson
  226. Inventor. The Potato Chip
    George Crum
  227. "Inventor. Telephone transmitter, automatic air brake, and roller coaster"
    Granville T. Woods
  228. "Inventor. In 1971, he invented the gamma electric cell, which converts radiation directly into electricity."
    Dr. Henry T. Sampson
  229. In 1980 he started working at IBM and was instrumental in the invention of the Personal Computer (PC). He holds three of IBM's original nine PC patents and currently holds more than 20 total patents.
    Dr. Mark Dean
  230. "Inventor of the Illusion Transmitter, which creates three-dimensional projections."
    Dr. Valerie L. Thomas
  231. "This inventor long with a colleague, developed the microphone (officially known as the Electroacoustic Transducer Electret Microphone) and they received a patent for it in 1962."
    James E. West
  232. He invented the machine that makes bread (faster than six people could cheaply) and the machine that makes bread crumbs.
    Joseph Lee
  233. "As a famous black inventor this scientist invented the Super Soaker squirt gun, released in 1989."
    Lonnie G. Johnson
  234. "Inventor. Blood Plasma. In 1944 this African-American physician, developed techniques for the storing and processing of blood for transfusion. His research on the preservation of blood and during WWII, helped developed blood-transfusion programs for the British and the French."
    Dr. Charles Drew
  235. Was an African-American inventor and businessman. He was the first person to patent a traffic signal. He also developed the gas mask (and many other inventions).
    Garrett Augustus Morgan
  236. "She was the first African American woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for poetry, the year 1950."
    Gwendolyn Brooks
  237. In 1965 he was the first black to have a starring role in a continuing network television dramatic series.
    Bill Cosby
  238. He was the first celebrity to have two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
    Michael Jackson
  239. The First African American to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993.
    Toni Morrison
  240. In 1964 he became the First African American to win an Oscar for a staring role for his performance in Lilies of the Field.
    Sydney Poitier
  241. First known African-American woman to publish a book in 1773.
    Phillis Wheatley
  242. Was the first African American to hold a patent: for a dry-cleaning process (In 1821)
    Thomas L. Jennings
  243. The first African American to receive a degree from an American college: Middlebury College (In 1823). Also the first to be elected into public office serving as a state legislature (in 1836).
    Alexander Twilight
  244. First African-American owned-and-operated newspaper (in 1827)
    Freedom's Journal
  245. First African-American graduate of West Point and first African-American commissioned officer in the U.S. military (in 1877)
    Henry Ossian Flipper
  246. First professional black baseball player (in 1884)
    Moses Fleetwood Walker
  247. Becomes the first African-American women to get a patent - for a bed that folded into a cabinet (In 1885)
    Sarah E. Goode
  248. First African American to earn a doctorate degree (Ph.D.) from Harvard University (In 1895)
    W.E.B. Du Bois
  249. First African-American woman to work for the United States Postal Service (In 1895)
    Mary Fields
  250. In 1902 he became the first African-American professional basketball player: (Played for the New England Professional Basketball League)
    Harry Lew
  251. First African American to win a medal in the Olympics - two bronze medals in track and field (1904)
    George Poage
  252. In 1916 he became the first African-American football player to play in a Rose Bowl game (he played for Brown University).
    Fritz Pollard
  253. "In 1938, she became the first African-American female federal agency head (National Youth Administration)"
    Mary McLeod Bethune
  254. "In 1940, she became the first African American to win an Academy Award (for Best Supporting Actress in Gone with the Wind)"
    Hattie McDaniel
  255. "He was the first First African American to win Nobel Peace Prize, 1950"
    Ralph Bunche
  256. "In 1950, she became the first African-American woman to compete on the world tennis tour"
    Althea Gibson
  257. In 2009 she became the First African-American Disney Princess.
    Princess Tiana
  258. "In 2009, she became the first African-American woman CEO of a Fortune 500 company the Xerox Corporation."
    Ursula Burns
  259. "In 2009, she became the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for History (The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family)"
    Annette Gordon-Reed
  260. Politician. The 44th President of the United States and the First African American to be elected president of the U.S. in 2008. He was re-elected in 2012.
    Barack Obama
  261. She became the first African-American First Lady of the United States in 2009.
    Michelle Obama
  262. "She became the first African-American model to appear on the cover of Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Edition, in 1997."
    Tyra Banks
  263. "In 1997, he became the first African American to win a men's major golf championship"
    Tiger Woods
  264. "In 1993 she became the first African American woman to win the Nobel Prize for literature, she wrote Beloved."
    Toni Morrison
  265. She is the first African-American woman astronaut. In 1992 she went into orbit aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour.
    Dr. Mae Jemison
  266. In 1991 he became the first African American nominated for a Best Director Academy Award for Boyz n the Hood
    John Singleton

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