Card Set Information

2013-02-07 12:44:30

Quantitative research methods
Show Answers:

  1. Causal reasoning suggests that
    present circumstances cause future circumstances.
  2. A particular society takes the position that
    alternative views of reality are legitimate. Which view is this?
  3. Samantha has concluded that living in a coed residence
    hall makes residents more androgynous. As she continues her research, she tends
    to focus on events and situations that fit this pattern. Which error in inquiry
    is reflected?
    Selective Observation
  4. Georgette observed a few preschool children at play and saw what she thought was a pattern in all preschool children's play behavior. She committed which error?
  5. Van wants to use social science to help him
    decide if Protestantism is a better religion than Catholicism. As a methodologist, your best response would be
    sorry, science cannot settle debates about values.
  6. Van says that his 48-year old Catholic uncle
    will marry his 23-year old atheist girlfriend next year in order to prove that
    the social regularity that people tend to marry people like themselves is not
    accurate. What is your best response as a methodologist?
    The objection that social regularities could be upset through the conscious will of the actors is not a serious challenge to social science
  7. Vanesha wishes to use church attendance as a factor in her study, with the categories "none," "some," and "a lot." Church attendance and the categories are known, respectively, as:
    a variable and attributes
  8. Juan Carlos decided to study the differences among men who choose different sports as their favorites. Everyone in his study, however, has chosen football as their favorite sport. Which one of the following can be said about his concept of choice of favorite sport?
    One of his variables isn't really a variable because it has only one attribute
  9. Joe wished to explain every possible reason why his sister chose to attend Almquist State University, including personal, family, school, peer, and other types of influences. What Joe is doing is called
    an idiographic explanation.
  10. The distinction between quantitative and
    qualitative data in social research is essentially the distinction between:
    numerical and nonnumerical data.
  11. Nora observed people in her Sunday School for
    several months and then determined if there was a pattern in the different responses
    of men and women. Which one of the following approaches is reflected?
  12. Manuel studied the literature on extracurricular
    involvement and gender and discovered a pattern between the two that might be
    logically and theoretically expected. He then developed some more specific
    hypotheses to study. Which approach is reflected?
  13. Samuel's grandmother informed him about the
    impact of the moon's cycles on deviant behavior. What source of knowledge does
    this reflect?
  14. Dorsey wanted to use the results of her research
    on juvenile delinquents to develop a community program to reduce delinquency.
    What type of research is reflected in this example?
  15. Dimitrius wanted to do a study of how couples
    respond to hurricane damage just because he was interested in the topic, He had
    no desire to use his results to help people . What type of research is
    reflected in this example?
  16. The attributes of the variable college class
    level include:
    first-year, sophomore, junior, senior.
  17. Which one of the following represents an
    aggregate of people?
    A collection of 18-year old students asked about their voting patterns.
  18. Bernice argues that various views of human
    nature are simply different and none is necessarily the best. Which view is
  19. Ignatius believed that fraternity men were less
    involved in their studies than non-fraternity men. He did a study where he
    watched men's involvement in their studies and focused particularly on how
    fraternity men were less involved. Which error in inquiry is reflected?
    selective observation
  20. Prediction without understanding is possible.
  21. Overgeneralization can lead to selective
  22. The objection that there are always exceptions
    to any social regularity means that the regularity is unreal and unimportant.
  23. The goal in studying variables is to see how
    they are related.
  24. Idiographic explanations seek to explain a class
    of situations rather than a single situation, typically in terms of a few
    important causes.
  25. While nomothetic explanations are very useful in
    social scientific research, idiographic explanations are of little use.
  26. Induction is a much better approach to theory
    than is deduction
  27. Falsification is the process by which we make
    our observations more explicit by using numbers.
  28. Pure research pursues knowledge for knowledge's
    sake, with no concern for how it might be used.
  29. The culture we live in provides a source of
    knowledge known as tradition.
  30. The two pillars of science are______
    and ______________.
    logic, observation
  31. Social scientists study the
    collective behavior of many individuals, which is known as a/an _________.
  32. The type of causal reasoning
    involved when explaining a single situation in terms of many possible causes is
    known as ______ explanation.
  33. 1.     
    The approach that moves from a
    theoretically expected relationship to specific observations to see if the
    relationship exists is known as ________reasoning.
  34. The qualitative approach is more
    aligned with _______ explanations than with __________ explanations.
    idiographic, nomothetic
  35. Morse wants to study the role of religion in
    society, how it gives societies a focus, how it gives meaning to unexplainable
    events, and how it often connects with the political and economic institutions.
    Which paradigm would be best?
    structural functionalism
  36. Priscilla wishes to study the competing views between students and teachers regarding what high school should be like. She is particularly interested in strategies for reducing the divergence between
    teachers and students. Best to use would be:
    Conflict theory