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Causal reasoning suggests that
present circumstances cause future circumstances.
A particular society takes the position that
alternative views of reality are legitimate. Which view is this?
Samantha has concluded that living in a coed residence
hall makes residents more androgynous. As she continues her research, she tends
to focus on events and situations that fit this pattern. Which error in inquiry
Georgette observed a few preschool children at play and saw what she thought was a pattern in all preschool children's play behavior. She committed which error?
Van wants to use social science to help him
decide if Protestantism is a better religion than Catholicism. As a methodologist, your best response would be
sorry, science cannot settle debates about values.
Van says that his 48-year old Catholic uncle
will marry his 23-year old atheist girlfriend next year in order to prove that
the social regularity that people tend to marry people like themselves is not
accurate. What is your best response as a methodologist?
The objection that social regularities could be upset through the conscious will of the actors is not a serious challenge to social science
Vanesha wishes to use church attendance as a factor in her study, with the categories "none," "some," and "a lot." Church attendance and the categories are known, respectively, as:
a variable and attributes
Juan Carlos decided to study the differences among men who choose different sports as their favorites. Everyone in his study, however, has chosen football as their favorite sport. Which one of the following can be said about his concept of choice of favorite sport?
One of his variables isn't really a variable because it has only one attribute
Joe wished to explain every possible reason why his sister chose to attend Almquist State University, including personal, family, school, peer, and other types of influences. What Joe is doing is called
an idiographic explanation.
The distinction between quantitative and
qualitative data in social research is essentially the distinction between:
numerical and nonnumerical data.
Nora observed people in her Sunday School for
several months and then determined if there was a pattern in the different responses
of men and women. Which one of the following approaches is reflected?
Manuel studied the literature on extracurricular
involvement and gender and discovered a pattern between the two that might be
logically and theoretically expected. He then developed some more specific
hypotheses to study. Which approach is reflected?
Samuel's grandmother informed him about the
impact of the moon's cycles on deviant behavior. What source of knowledge does
Dorsey wanted to use the results of her research
on juvenile delinquents to develop a community program to reduce delinquency.
What type of research is reflected in this example?
Dimitrius wanted to do a study of how couples
respond to hurricane damage just because he was interested in the topic, He had
no desire to use his results to help people . What type of research is
reflected in this example?
The attributes of the variable college class
first-year, sophomore, junior, senior.
Which one of the following represents an
aggregate of people?
A collection of 18-year old students asked about their voting patterns.
Bernice argues that various views of human
nature are simply different and none is necessarily the best. Which view is
Ignatius believed that fraternity men were less
involved in their studies than non-fraternity men. He did a study where he
watched men's involvement in their studies and focused particularly on how
fraternity men were less involved. Which error in inquiry is reflected?
Prediction without understanding is possible.
Overgeneralization can lead to selective
The objection that there are always exceptions
to any social regularity means that the regularity is unreal and unimportant.
The goal in studying variables is to see how
they are related.
Idiographic explanations seek to explain a class
of situations rather than a single situation, typically in terms of a few
While nomothetic explanations are very useful in
social scientific research, idiographic explanations are of little use.
Induction is a much better approach to theory
than is deduction
Falsification is the process by which we make
our observations more explicit by using numbers.
Pure research pursues knowledge for knowledge's
sake, with no concern for how it might be used.
The culture we live in provides a source of
knowledge known as tradition.
The two pillars of science are______
Social scientists study the
collective behavior of many individuals, which is known as a/an _________.
The type of causal reasoning
involved when explaining a single situation in terms of many possible causes is
known as ______ explanation.
The approach that moves from a
theoretically expected relationship to specific observations to see if the
relationship exists is known as ________reasoning.
The qualitative approach is more
aligned with _______ explanations than with __________ explanations.
Morse wants to study the role of religion in
society, how it gives societies a focus, how it gives meaning to unexplainable
events, and how it often connects with the political and economic institutions.
Which paradigm would be best?
Priscilla wishes to study the competing views between students and teachers regarding what high school should be like. She is particularly interested in strategies for reducing the divergence between
teachers and students. Best to use would be: