Endocrine System - Hormones

Card Set Information

Author:
andreakristin807
ID:
198679
Filename:
Endocrine System - Hormones
Updated:
2013-02-07 14:34:34
Tags:
endocrine system hormones
Folders:

Description:
endocrine system hormones
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user andreakristin807 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. ACTH - Adrenocorticoptropic hormone
    • anterior pituitary
    • targets cells producing glucucorticoids (hormones that metabolize glucose)
    • STIMULATES THE ADRENAL CORTEX
  2. TSH - Thyroid stimulating hormone
    • anterior pituitary
    • targets thyroid to produce hormones
  3. Follicle-stimulating hormone
    • anterior pituitary
    • GONADOTROPIN
    • targets follicle cells of ovaries (secrete estrogen, follicle development) and nurse cells of testes (sperm cell maturation)
    • STIMULATES OOGENESIS/ESTROGEN
  4. Luteinizing hormone (LH)
    • anterior pituitary
    • GONADOTROPIN
    • targets follicle cells of ovaries (ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of progesterone) and interstitial cells of testes "(secretion of testosterone)
    • STIMULATES OVULATION
  5. Prolactin (PRL)
    • anterior pituitary
    • targets the mammary glands to produce milk
  6. Growth hormone (GH)
    • anterior pituitary
    • targets all cells, stimulates protein synthesis to accelerate growth
  7. Melanoyte-stimulating hormone
    • anterior pituitary
    • targets melanocytes, increases melanin synthesis in epidermis
    • NOT ACTIVE IN "NORMAL" ADULTS
  8. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    • posterior pituitary
    • targets the kidneys, stimulates reabsorption of water, elevation of blood volume and pressure
  9. Oxytocin (OXT)
    • posterior pituitary
    • targets the uterus and mammary glands in females - stimulates labor contractions and milk ejection, contractions of prostate gland in males
  10. T3 and T4
    • Thyroid gland
    • increase cellular metabolism, oxygen consumption, growth, and development
    • RESPONSIBLE FOR METABOLISM
  11. Calcitonin
    • Thyroid gland
    • decreases calcium concentrations in body fluids - targets bones and kidneys
  12. Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
    • parathyroid
    • purpose is to increase calcium concentrations - targets bones and kidneys
  13. Mineralcorticoids
    • adrenal cortex
    • targets kidneys to increase the renal absorption of Sodium and water (esp with presence of ADH) and accelerate urinary loss of Potassium
  14. Glucocorticoids
    • adrenal cortex
    • targets most cells to metabolize glucose
  15. androgens
    • adrenal cortex
    • targets most cells - encourages bone and muscle growth as well as blood formation in children and women
  16. epinephrine, norepinephrine
    • adrenal medulla
    • targets most cells to increase/decrease activity (adrenaline, noradrenaline)
  17. melatonin
    • pineal gland
    • inhibits reproductive functions, protection against free radicals, influence circadian rhythms
  18. insulin
    • pancreas
    • produced by beta cells when glucose concentration exceeds normal levels - stimulates glucose utilization to build carbohydrate and lipid reserves
    • REMOVES GLUCOSE FROM BLOOD
  19. glucagon
    • pancreas
    • produced by alpha cells when glucose concentrations fall below normal - facilitates uptake of glucose by target cells
  20. Cortisol
    anti-inflammatory effects - adrenal cortex
  21. ANP
    reduces blood volume (heart)
  22. erythropoietin
    produces by kidneys, stimulates red blood cell production

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview