Introduction to Terminology

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Author:
bry2011
ID:
198823
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Introduction to Terminology
Updated:
2013-02-18 18:19:10
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anatomy terminology
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Beginning terminology for course
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  1. What is Gross anatomy?
    Its the study of structures visible to the unaided eye
  2. What is Surface anatomy?
    It refers to the general form, or morphology, and superficial anatomical markings.
  3. What is Regional anatomy?
    It considers all structures in a specific area of the body, whether they are superficial or deep.
  4. What is Systemic anatomy?
    Its the study of anatomy one organ system at a time.
  5. What is Microscopic anatomy?
    Its defined as structures that can not be seen without magnification.
  6. Name 3 Levels of Organization?
    • Cells
    • Tissues
    • Organs
    • Organs combine to form organ systems.
  7. What are Cells?
    Cells are the smallest living units of the levels of organization.
  8. Tissues are made up of Many cells and some surrounding tissue or organs?
    Many cells and some surrounding material.
  9. Are organs made up of single tissue types or combinations of tissue types?
    organs are made up of combinations of tissues.
  10. How many organ systems are there in the human body?
    The human body is composed of 11 organ systems.
  11. Name 6 Levels of Human Structure: From macro to micro
    • 1. Organism
    • 2. Organ systems
    • 3. tissues
    • 4. cells
    • 5. organelles
    • 6. molecules
    • 7. atoms
  12. Levels of Human Structure: Organ Systems

    Do organs belong to two or more systems: True or False
    Some organs belong to two or more systems
  13. Levels of Human Structure:
    Name 11 Organ Systems of the Body?
    • Integumentary system
    • Skeletal system
    • Muscular system
    • Nervous system
    • Endocrine system
    • Cardiovascular system
    • Lymphatic system
    • Digestive system
    • Respiratory system
    • Urinary system
    • Reproductive system
  14. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the major organs in the Integumentary System?
    • skin
    • hair
    • nails
    • sweat glands
    • sebaceous glands
  15. What are the major functions in the Integumentary System?
    • protect tissue
    • regulate body temperature
    • support sensory receptors
  16. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the major organs in the Skeletal System?
    • bones
    • ligaments
    • cartilages
  17. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Functions in the Skeletal system?
    • provide framework
    • protect soft tissue
    • provide attachments for muscles
    • produce blood cells
    • store inorganic salts
  18. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Organs in the Muscular system?
    Muscles
  19. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Majors Functions in the Muscular System?
    • cause movement
    • maintain posture
    • produce body heat
  20. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Organs in the Nervous System?
    • brain
    • spinal cord
    • nerves
    • sense organs
  21. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Functions in the Nervous System?
    • detect changes
    • receive and interpret sensory information
    • stimulate muscles and glands
  22. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Organs in the Endocrine System?
    • pituitary gland
    • thyroid gland
    • parathyroid glands
    • adrenal glands
    • pancreas
    • ovaries testes
    • pineal gland
    • thymus
  23. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Functions in the Endocrine System?
    Control metabolic activities of body structures through the release of hormones
  24. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Organs in the Cardiovascular System?
    • heart
    • arteries
    • capillaries
    • veins
  25. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major functions in the Cardiovascular System?
    • Move blood through vessels
    • transport substances throughout the body
  26. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Organs in the Lymphatic System
    • lymphatic vessels
    • lymph nodes
    • thymus
    • spleen
  27. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Functions in the Lymphatic System?
    • return tissue fluid to blood
    • carry certain absorbed food molecules
    • defend the body against infection
  28. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Organs in the Digestive System?
    • mouth
    • tongue
    • teeth
    • salivary glands
    • pharynx
    • esophagus
    • stomach
    • liver and gallbladder
    • pancreas
    • small and large intestines
  29. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Functions in the Digestive System?
    • receive, breakdown, and absorb food
    • eliminate unabsorbed material
  30. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Organs in the Respiratory System?
    • nasal cavity
    • pharynx
    • larynx
    • trachea
    • bronchi
    • lungs
  31. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Functions in the Respiratory system?
    Intake and output of air exchange gases between air and blood
  32. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Organs in the Urinary System?
    • kidneys
    • ureters
    • urinary bladder
    • urethra
  33. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Functions in the Urinary System?
    • remove waste from blood
    • maintain water and electrolyte
    • balance store and transport urine
  34. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Organs in the Male Reproductive System?
    • scrotum
    • testes
    • epididymides
    • ductus deferentia
    • seminal vesicles
    • prostate gland
    • bulbourethral glands
    • urethra
    • penis
  35. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Functions in the Male Reproductive System
    • produce and maintain sperm cells
    • transfer sperm cells into female reproductive tract
  36. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Organs in the Female Reproductive System
    • ovaries
    • uterine tubes
    • uterus
    • vagina
    • clitoris
    • vulva
  37. Levels of Human Structure:
    Organ Systems of the Body-

    What are the Major Functions in the Female Reproductive System?
    • produce and maintain eggs cells
    • receive sperm cells
    • support development of an embryo
    • function in the birth process
  38. What are Organisms composed of?
    Organ Systems
  39. What what are Organ Systems composed of?
    Organs
  40. What are Organs composed of?
    Tissues
  41. What are Tissues composed of?
    Cells
  42. What are Cells composed (in part) of?
    Organelles
  43. What are Organelles composed of?
    Molecules
  44. What are Molecules composed of?
    Atoms
  45. What is Anatomic position?
    Its a stance in which a person, stands erect, with feet flat on the floor and arms at sides
  46. What is Supine?
    Its when the palms faces up or forward
  47. What is Prone?
    Its when the palms faces down or rearward
  48. What is sagittal plane?
    It extends vertically and divides the body or organ into the right and left portions
  49. What is midsagittal plane?
    It passes through the midline of the body dividing into equal right and left halves
  50. What is frontal plane?
    It divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions
  51. What is transverse plane?
    It divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
  52. What is Medial?
    Its closer to median plane
  53. What is Lateral?
    Further from the median plane
  54. What is Anterior (ventral)?
    towards the front of the body
  55. What is Posterior (dorsal)?
    Towards the back of the body
  56. What is Superior (cephalic)?
    Towards the head
  57. What is Inferior (caudal)?
    Towards bottom of the feet
  58. What is Superficial?
    Towards the surface of the body
  59. What is Deep?
    Towards the center of the body
  60. What is Proximal?
    Nearer the origin or attachment
  61. What is Distal?
    Further from the origin or attachment

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