APSYCH Unit 6A: pt. 2

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APSYCH Unit 6A: pt. 2
2013-02-11 22:16:58


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  1. thirst
    • 3:3:3
    • 3 minutes without breathing, 3 days without water, 3 weeks without food 
  2. lateral hypothalamus
    makes you thirst and reduces drinking behavior
  3. preoptic area of the hypothalamus
    stops you from being thirsty
  4. osmoreceptors
    1. monitor amount of H2O within cells 
  5. antidiuretic hormones
    - if deteched low amount of H2O, reduces urine 
  6. volumetric receptors
    • 1. monitor amount of H2O in blood 
    • too little- release angiotensin brain receptors your thirst
  7. angiotensin
    When there's low amount of H2O in blood, you release these receptors to thirst 
  8. sexual motivation
    • - nature's clever way of making people procreate, enabling our species' survival 
    • - pleasure begins to nourish our body 
  9. Alfred Kinsey 
    • 1. 1st person to scientifically study sex in the 50's 
    • 2. attempted to access sexual practices through surveys and interviews 
  10. sexual response cycle (researches/4 stages)
    • 1. William Masters and Virginia Johnson
    • 2. -excitement: general areas arousal 
    •     -plateau: excitement peaks, fluid secreted 
    •     -orgasm: gen. contractions, help with       conceptions 
    • - resolution: starts going back to normal 
    • -refactory period: resting period after orgasm, during which a man's neuron can't fire unless recharged 
  11. sexual disorders 
    • - problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal of functioning 
    • - pre-mature rejaculation;pt. 1 for men 
    • - female orgasmic disorder 
  12. hormones and sex (how do they work?) 
  13. external stimuli (affect sexual motivation? g&b) 
    • - sexual explicit material 
    • - good: trigger arousal in both men and women 
    • - bad: fake ideas, act of rape, devalues relationships 
    • - influence motivation dreams can lead to orgasm 
  14. premarital sex and adolescents 
    • - before 1900: 3% adolescents having premarital sex 
    • - 2005: 47% adolescents having premarital sex
    • - U.S. Western Europe, latin america have highest # of teens having sex 
    • - family/culture matters 
    • - increase led to adolescent pregnancy 
  15. STDs 
    • sexual transmitted disease 
    • increase in sex: increase in STI's 
    • teenage girls (less mature biological development are vulnerable to STI's) 
    • decreased over years 
  16. sexual orientation 
    • - enduring sexual attraction toward members of either oen's own sex (homosexual orientation) or other sex 
    • 3-4% men 
    • 1-2% women 
  17. social motivation
    - social bonds busted our social survival rate
  18. early/evolutionary reasons for it
    - pair bonds come together to reproduce, stay together to nurture children to maturity. Friends also help raise chilren 
  19. what does it mean for life and selves?
    - relationships give us pos. things (confirmation and acceptance); joy 
  20. what is the good and bad about our need to belong?
    • pos: form loving families, faithful friendships
    • neg: gangs, ethnic rivalries fanatical nationalism, attachments can also keep people in abusive relationships 
  21. achievement motivation
    desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of things, people or ideas; for attaining a high standard
  22. task leadership 
    goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work and focuses attention on goals 
  23. social leadership 
    group oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support 
  24. theory x 
    - assume workers are basically lazy, error-prone and extrinsically motivated by money and thus should be directed from above 
  25. theory y
    assumes that, given challenge and freedom, workers are motivate to achieve self esteem and demonstrate their competence and creativity