ENT Assessment

Card Set Information

ENT Assessment
2013-02-08 10:06:00
health assessment test

H.A. test
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  1. acute otitis media
    inflammation in the middle ear associated with a middle ear effusion that becomes infected by bacterial organisms
  2. acute pharyngitis
    infection of tonsils or posterior pharynx by microorganisms 
  3. cerumen
  4. cheilitis
    dry,cracked lips
  5. cholesteatoma
    epithelial tissue behind the tympanic membrane that is often the result of untreated or chronic recurrent otitis media
  6. cleft lip and palate
    • common craniofacial congenital malformation
    • the result of the lip or palate failing to fuse during the embryonic development
  7. cochlea
    coiled structure in the inner ear
  8. conductive hearing loss
    hearing loss resulting from reduced transmission of sound to the middle ear
  9. epistaxis
  10. fordyce spots
    • bumps that may appear on the buccal mucosa
    • ectopic sebaceous gland
  11. frenulum
    small fold of tissue that attaches the tongue to the floor of the mouth
  12. Meiniere disease 
    disorder of progressive hearing loss ; in some cases, has a genetic mode of transmission
  13. Oropharynx 
    area of the throat that is located between the mouth and nasopharynx
  14. ossicles
    the three tiny bones of the inner ear known as the malleus, incus, and stapes
  15. otitis externa
    • inflammation of the auditory canal and external surface of the tympanic membrane
    • also called swimmer's ear
  16. otitis media with effusion
    inflammation of the middle ear resulting in the collection of serous, mucoid, or purulent fluid
  17. otosclerosis
    ossification that results in fixation of the stapes
  18. peritonsilar abcess
    deep infection in the space between the soft palate and tonsil
  19. pinna
    • projecting shell-like structure on the side of the head
    • auricle
  20. presbycusis
    bilateral sensorineural hearing loss associated with aging
  21. retropharyngeal abscess
    • life-threatening infection in the lateral pharyngeal space that has the potential to occlude the airway
    • most commonly occurs in children
  22. Rinne test
    a hearing test that compares bone conduction with air conduction of cound
  23. Romberg test
    a neurologic test used to screen for equilibrium 
  24. sensorineural hearing loss
    hearing impairment that results from a disorder of the ear, damage to cranial nerve 8, genetic disorders, systemic disease, or prolonged exposure to loud noise
  25. sinusitis 
    bacterial infection of one or more of the paranasal sinuses
  26. torus
    bony protuberance on the midline of the hard palate
  27. uvula
    conical projection that hangs from the posterior margin of the soft palate
  28. vertigo
    • the illusion of rotational movement experienced by a patient
    • often due to a disorder of the inner ear
  29. weber test
    a screening test for hearing that tests the lateralization of sound
  30. xerostomia
    dry mouth