Cardiology Drugs

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Author:
LRussellCVT
ID:
198892
Filename:
Cardiology Drugs
Updated:
2013-02-08 11:35:07
Tags:
cardiology veterinary technician drugs glycosides inotropes cardiac
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Description:
Cardiac Drugs for Bel-Rea Institute Vet Sci IV Cardiology Test
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  1. Inotropes:
    Positive:


    Negative:
    Inotropes alter contraction force.

    Positive: Stronger Contraction

    Negative: Weaker Contraction
  2. Chronotropes:

    Positive:

    Negative:
    Chronotropes alter rate

    Positive: Increases Rate

    Negative: Decreases Rate
  3. Cardiac Glycosides
    _____ Inotrope  _____ Chronotrope
    Use:
    • Cardiac Glycosides
    • Positive Inotrope
    • Negative Chronotrope
    • Increases contraction/decreases rate
    • Use: treats heart failure
  4. Cardiac Glycosides

    Digitalis Drugs:
    1.
    2.
    3.
    Treats:
    • Cardiac Glycosides
    • Digitalis Drugs:
    • 1. Digoxin
    • 2. Cardoxin
    • 3. Lanoxin
    • Treats: Congestive Heart Failure, Atrial Fibrillation
  5. Cardiac Glycosides

    Catecholamines "____________________"
    Use:
    _______ Inotrope _______ Chronotrope
    1.
    TX:
    2.
    TX:
    3.
    TX:
    4.
    • Cardiac Glycosides
    • Catecholamines "sympathamimetric"
    • Use: Mimics sympathetic nervous system "Fight or Flight"
    • Positive Inotrope Positive Chronotrope
    • Increase contraction force increase rate
    • 1. Epinephrine
    • TX: CPA
    • 2. Dopamine (Dopamine HCL, Inotropin)
    • TX: Acute heart failure, shock, renal failure. 
    • -Natural
    • 3. Dobutamine (Dobutrex)
    • TX: Acute heart failure, shock, renal failure.
    • -Synthetic
    • 4. Isoproterenol (Isuprel)
    • -Causes: muscle tremors, bronchoconstriction
    • -Old drug, rarely used.
  6. Antiarrhythmics

    Local Anesthetics
    1.
    TX:
    2.
    TX:
    Species:
    3.
    TX:
    Species:
    Antiarrhythmics

    • Local Anesthetics
    • 1. Quinidine (Cardioquin, Quindex)
    • TX: Atrial Fibrillation
    • 2. Procainimide (Pronestryl, Procainimide -SR)
    • TX: VPC, Ventricular Tachycardia
    • Species: Feline
    • 3. Lidocaine (Lidocaine, Xylocaine)
    • TX: VPC, Ventricular Tachycardia
    • Species: Canine
  7. Antiarrythmics

    Beta-Adrenergic Blockers
    TX: 
    1.
    Antiarrythmics

    • Beta-Adrenergic Blockers
    • TX: Hypertrophic, cardiomyopathy, some arrythmias
    • 1. Propranolol (Inderol, Intensol)
  8. Antiarrhythmics

    Action Potential Prolongation
    ________ Chronotrope
    1.
    2.
    TX:
    Antiarrhythmics

    • Action Potential Prolongation
    • Negative Chronotrope
    • Decreases heart rate
    • 1. Bretylium (Bretylol) - chemical defribrillation
    • 2. Amiodarone (Cardarone)
    • TX: Ventricular Tachycardia, Ventricular Fibrillation
  9. Vasodialators
    Use:

    Angiotensis:_______ inhibitor
    TX:
    1.
    • Vasodialators
    • Use: Dialates arteries, decreases vasoconstriction.

    • Angiotensis: ACE Inhibitor
    • TX: Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension
    • 1. Enalapril (Enacard)
    • Decreases workload, decreases blood pressure
  10. Vasodialators

    Arteriole Dialators
    1.
    • Vasodialators
    • Arteriole Dialators
    • 1. Hydralazine (Apresoline)
  11. Vasodialators

    Venodialators
    1.
    Form:
    Use:
    Vasodialator

    • Venodialators
    • 1. Nitroglycerin(Nitro-bid, Nitrol)
    • Form: transdermal patch or ointmen t
    • Use: increase CO, Decrease pulmonary edema.
  12. Vasodialators

    Pimobendan (_________________)
    _________ Inotrope
    TX:
    Vasodialators

    • Pimobendan (Vetmedin)
    • Positive Inotrope - vasodialator
    • TX: CHF, Mitral Valve DZ
  13. Other
    1. Furosemide (_____________)
    Type:
    TX:
    2. Hydrocodone (______________)
    Type:
    TX:
    3. Theophylline (________, __________)
    Type:
    TX:
    • Other
    • 1. Furosemide (Lasix)
    • Type: Diuretic
    • TX: Pulmonary Edema
    • 2. Hydrocodone (Hycodan)
    • Type: Narcotic
    • TX: Cardiac Cough
    • 3. Theophylline (Theolair, Uniphyl)
    • Type: Bronchodialator
    • TX: Asthma, CHF, Pulmonary Edema

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