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The mood that a poem portrays.
The Fish (Marianne Moore)
Author: Marianne Moore
Theme: Muscles and starfish. More a description of the sea than the fish. The sea is a dangerous place.
Lines: "marks of abuse are present on this defiant edifice—" "injured fan" "The water drives a wedge of iron through the iron edge of the cliff"
The Fish (Elizabeth Bishop)
Author: Elizabeth Bishop
Theme: Caught a fish, starred at it, it was an old fighter. She let it go. When is ugly beautiful? I and HE
Lines: "Everything was rainbow, rainbow, rainbow. And I let the fish go." "He didn't fight.He hadn't fought at all."
Is crazy. Was in a mental institution his whole life. He was rationed pencils weekly and scrounged for paper.
My Cat Jeoffry
Author: Christopher Smart 75 lines
Theme: Discusses his cat's service of God. For...
Lines: "He is the servant of the living god, dully and daily serving him."
The Bear (p. 1380)
Author: Galway Kinnell
Theme: Graffic, gruesome, natural. Man eats bloody turd, sharpens bone, puts in blubber, kills polar bear. Goes inside. He becomes the bear. The bear and the hunter speaking both speaking--same thing. Hunter stalks bear, poet stalks poetry.
- Lines: "what, anyway,
- was that sticky infusion, that rank flavor of blood, that poetry, by which I lived?"
English sonnet 14 lines, ten syllables, iambic pentameter. Shakespearean Sonnet. Couplet at the end.
Also, Italian sonnet/petrachan--octave and then sestet. First stanza presents problem. Second stanza solves it.
closing couplet--elizabthan or shakespearian. 14 lines but no closing couplet--italian/petrachan
Most poems have a turn (like paintings have a focal point). They propose something then shift it. Turn is to poetry what conflict is to fiction. Opposition in all things. The tension creates interest.
Word signals turn (but) or (nevertheless)
Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day p. 803
- Shakespearean Sonnet
- Lines nine begins turn... but they loveliness shall not fade.
12 lines to present the problem, or three images. Then turn. Then couplet is the clincher.
You have more space for the solution. Less space for the problem. But the turn comes earlier. Octave, then sestet.
Among School Children p. 900
Author: William Butler Yeats
Lines: Know stanza 8
- Stanza 8: Labour is blossoming or dancing where
- The body is not bruised to pleasure soul.
- Nor beauty born out of its own despair,
- Nor blear-eyed wisdom out of midnight oil.
- O chestnut-tree, great-rooted blossomer,
- Are you the leaf, the blossom or the bole?
- O body swayed to music, O brightening glance,
- How can we know the dancer from the dance?
- "The willing suspension of disbelief"
- (forget that Gandolf isn't real, and enjoy the story)... Brother Samuelson called it aesthetic faith.
"Spontaneous overflow of powerful emotion recollected in tranquility."
The primary form of poetry in all languages.
sung to a lyre. has a musical flow and conveys strong emotion. brief. intense. musical. fiery moment language catches fire.
The Second Coming p. 1115
Author: W.B. Yeats
Theme: Big epoc changes. Everything shifts and changes. What keeps the bird from coming back? He's assured of a meal. Mere anarchy is an oxi-moron. The world falling apart.
Lines: "Surely some revelation is at hand." "Turning and turning in the widening gire." "The best lack conviction."
The Divine Image p. 1254
Author: William Blake
Theme: Where is the devine? It is in us when we adhere to the virtues. Mercy, love, pity peace. He takes out peace.
Definition of poetry
Life is poetry and that's what poets are trying to capture.
- regular rhyming
- swinging motion
- dialogue that tells a story
THERE IS A GREEN HILL FAR AWAY--common meter
difference between ode and ballad
ode is longer! and more complex
Never have a folk ode, but we do have folk ballads
p. 451 last sentence
a ballad always sounds as though it had been there for centuries written by the greatest poet of all
the greatest poet of all
poetry ABOUT poetry.
Byzantium p. 1536
by W.B. Yeats 40 lines
key images: man or ghost. Shade. CONTRADICTIONS
lines: the gong tormented sea
Wild Gratitude p 1575
By: Edward Hirsch 46 lines
Theme: Response to My Cat Jeoffry.
Lines: "Teach us how to praise--purring in their own language. Writhing themselves in the living fire."
On His Blindness p. 809
By John Milton 14 lines
Theme: Serving god. They also serve who wait. If you can't serve, but you want to, the Lord accepts that.
Lines: They also serve who only stand and wait.
On First Looking into Chapman's Homer
By John Keats 14 lines
Theme: Keats reads Homer and he likes it, compares it to the sky and Cortez
Lines: ?I never breathe its pure serene till I heard. Much have I traveled in the realms of gold.
When I Have Fears that I May Cease to Be p.813
Author: John Keats 14 lines
Theme: Thinking about dying. Thinking he'll miss books, stars, and his love.
Lines: "Of the wide world I stand alone, and think till love and fame to nothingness do sink. ... I shall never live to trace their shadows."
From Beowulf p. 1493
by Anonymous 78 lines
Theme: Beowulf jumps into a lake and gets captured by the sea witch. They fight. His sword stinks. He kills her.
Lines: The swordsman was elated.
The Colonel p. 1229
By Carolyn Forche 23 lines
Theme: She goes to dinner at the colonel's house. He spills a bag of ears on the table.
Lines: Dropped it in a water glass, it came alive there. There is no other way to say this. I am tired of fooling around.
The General Prologue p. 704
By Jeffrey Chaucer 860 lines
The Lake Isle of Innisfree p.1300
by w.b. yeats 12 lines
Theme: He's going to go build a cabin and he likes nature.
Lines: I hear it in the deep heart's core. bee-loud glade. peace comes dropping slow.
The Anecdote of the Jar p. 1302
by wallace stevens 12 lines
Theme. Jar on a hill, all nature rises to it.
Lines: like nothing else in Tenessee. /Wilderness rise up to it. round upon the ground.
My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun (sonnet 130) p.1042
by shakespear 14 lines
theme: everything is better than her. she is rare.
lines: and yet by heaven I think my love as rare as any she belied with false compare.
Among school children p. 900
by w.b. yeats 64 lines
theme: walking among kids, thinks about life, lots of references to obscure stuff
Channel Firing p. 1113
by Thomas Hardy 36 lines
Theme: gun fight, the persona is a man in a grave. judgement day
Lines: all nations striving to make red war yet redder
The Second Coming p. 1115
By W.B. Yeats 22 lines
theme: the world falls to anarchy. Second coming of a weird man lion beast.
lines: the center cannot hold. the best lack all conviction while the words are full of passionate intensity.
To an Athlete Dying Young p. 202
by A.E. Houseman 28 lines
Theme: famous dude loses fame while he is still alive. (rhyming.)
Lines: the garland briefer than a girl's. And the name died before the man.
My Papa's Watlz p. 989
By Theodore Roethke 16 lines
Theme: Abusive dad. Waltz and boy clings to shirt. Goes to bed.
Lines: You beat time on my head. I hung on like death, such waltzing was not easy.
Those Winter Sundays p. 990
By Robert Hayden 14 lines
Theme: Dad gets up early to make a fire. Kid doesn't appreciate it. Reminisces that he was ungrateful.
Lines: what did I know, what did I know of love's austere and lonely offices?
Yellow Light p. 679
By Garret Kaoru Hongo 44 lines
theme: woman walks off the bus, walks through the city, walks home. goes inside. it's yellow.
lines: if it were may, hydrangeas and jacaranda flowers... flicking on TV sets for Wednesday night fights
Spring and Fall (to a young child) p. 1535
by Gerard Manley Hopkins 15 lines
theme: Margaret is sad. he says, worse things will happen. You'll grow old, the world will get cold. you are mourning for yourself.
lines: it is margaret you mourn for. sorrows springs are the same.
From Quartets, Burnt Norton (IV) p. 1540
by T.S. Eliot 10 lines
theme: Sun goes down, the world turns, flowers sleep.
lines: at the still point of the turning world. time and the bell have buried the day.
The Divine Image p. 1254
By William Blake 20 lines
Theme: mercy, pity, peace, love
Lines: where mercy love and pity dwell there god is dwelling too. prays to the human form divine.
- a poem written in couplets ALSO song
- used to be sung for soldiers with instruments. Have to do with mournful or solemn. ....
always moved by the hope of renewal. Helps make sense of loss.
poem of great length. Serious themes. Elevated style. uses stanzas. FLEXIBLE. derived from choral song. poets identified with a tradition. Because it is flexible it has survived.
STORY origins in oral poetry, regular rhymning stanzas (helps memorization). repetition. refrains. HYMNS has a swing, a sway, employs description. briskness and regularity of a folk dance. FOLK.
ballad=italian TO DANCE
- unrhymed iambic pentameter
- common influencial
- Poetry used
- in Latin and epic Greek poetry.
- Form must be
- reinvented every time the poet chooses to use it
- Requires particular
- tones from a poet
- Pair of ryhming lines of iambic pentamitor
- chosser, father of english poetry
- attracts poets witty and inteligant
- most revered form of poetry
- invented in itali
- love poems
- on his blindness
- refrains (repeated lines)
- oddest form
- ignored light verse
- complicated ryhme schemes
- memorable and flexible lines
- artificial texture
(pokemon oddish evolves into vilplume)
- most introcuite form of poetry
- 39 lines
- repitition instead of ryhme
- repeating words in each stanza
- repeat at end summarizes poem
- key is that a poet must use six words that work together in an argument
- buetiful and complex
- clusters of lines
- means rooms
- poem is a house of words with many rooms
- contains a single image
- helps identify form
- creates sutle effects
- complictats meaning
- meroable and meaningful
- no such thing
- poetry with no set meters or rhymes
- very from line to line
- translators of the king james bible
- solms and song of soloman
- most poetry today
- keedence of the passage
- chiming on consenants
- count only the hard beats
- oral poetry
- phiolsophical or spiritual
- inspired by medievil or reigious poems
- 3 powers of the soul
- memory / intelect / effective will
- composition of place
- concrete scene