Poetry 2

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  1. Tone
    The mood that a poem portrays.
  2. The Fish (Marianne Moore)
    Author: Marianne Moore

    Theme: Muscles and starfish. More a description of the sea than the fish. The sea is a dangerous place.

    Lines: "marks of abuse are present on this defiant edifice—" "injured fan" "The water drives a wedge of iron through the iron edge of the cliff"
  3. The Fish (Elizabeth Bishop)
    Author: Elizabeth Bishop

    Theme: Caught a fish, starred at it, it was an old fighter. She let it go. When is ugly beautiful? I and HE

    Lines: "Everything was rainbow, rainbow, rainbow. And I let the fish go." "He didn't fight.He hadn't fought at all."
  4. Christopher Smart
    Is crazy. Was in a mental institution his whole life. He was rationed pencils weekly and scrounged for paper.
  5. My Cat Jeoffry
    Author: Christopher Smart 75 lines

    Theme: Discusses his cat's service of God. For...

    Lines: "He is the servant of the living god, dully and daily serving him."
  6. The Bear (p. 1380)
    Author: Galway Kinnell

    Theme: Graffic, gruesome, natural. Man eats bloody turd, sharpens bone, puts in blubber, kills polar bear. Goes inside. He becomes the bear. The bear and the hunter speaking both speaking--same thing. Hunter stalks bear, poet stalks poetry.

    • Lines: "what, anyway,
    • was that sticky infusion, that rank flavor of blood, that poetry, by which I lived?"
  7. Sonnet
    About love.

    English sonnet 14 lines, ten syllables, iambic pentameter. Shakespearean Sonnet. Couplet at the end.

    Also, Italian sonnet/petrachan--octave and then sestet. First stanza presents problem. Second stanza solves it.
  8. Sonnet info
    closing couplet--elizabthan or shakespearian. 14 lines but no closing couplet--italian/petrachan
  9. Turn
    Most poems have a turn (like paintings have a focal point). They propose something then shift it. Turn is to poetry what conflict is to fiction. Opposition in all things. The tension creates interest.

    Word signals turn (but) or (nevertheless)
  10. Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day p. 803
    • Shakespearean Sonnet
    • Lines nine begins turn... but they loveliness shall not fade.

    12 lines to present the problem, or three images. Then turn. Then couplet is the clincher.
  11. Italian sonnet
    You have more space for the solution. Less space for the problem. But the turn comes earlier. Octave, then sestet.
  12. Among School Children p. 900
    Author: William Butler Yeats

    Lines: Know stanza 8

    • Stanza 8: Labour is blossoming or dancing where
    • The body is not bruised to pleasure soul.
    • Nor beauty born out of its own despair,
    • Nor blear-eyed wisdom out of midnight oil.
    • O chestnut-tree, great-rooted blossomer,
    • Are you the leaf, the blossom or the bole?
    • O body swayed to music, O brightening glance,
    • How can we know the dancer from the dance?
  13. Wordsworth Quotation
    • "The willing suspension of disbelief"
    • (forget that Gandolf isn't real, and enjoy the story)... Brother Samuelson called it aesthetic faith.

    "Spontaneous overflow of powerful emotion recollected in tranquility."
  14. Short lyric
    The primary form of poetry in all languages.

    sung to a lyre. has a musical flow and conveys strong emotion. brief. intense. musical. fiery moment language catches fire.
  15. The Second Coming p. 1115
    Author: W.B. Yeats

    Theme: Big epoc changes. Everything shifts and changes. What keeps the bird from coming back? He's assured of a meal. Mere anarchy is an oxi-moron. The world falling apart.

    Lines: "Surely some revelation is at hand." "Turning and turning in the widening gire." "The best lack conviction."
  16. The Divine Image p. 1254
    Author: William Blake

    Theme: Where is the devine? It is in us when we adhere to the virtues. Mercy, love, pity peace. He takes out peace.
  17. Definition of poetry
    Life is poetry and that's what poets are trying to capture.
  18. Ballad
    • repetition
    • regular rhyming
    • swinging motion
    • dialogue that tells a story

    THERE IS A GREEN HILL FAR AWAY--common meter
  19. difference between ode and ballad
    ode is longer! and more complex

    Never have a folk ode, but we do have folk ballads
  20. p. 451 last sentence
    a ballad always sounds as though it had been there for centuries written by the greatest poet of all

  21. the greatest poet of all
  22. meta poetic
    poetry ABOUT poetry.
  23. Byzantium p. 1536
    by W.B. Yeats 40 lines

    key images: man or ghost. Shade. CONTRADICTIONS

    lines: the gong tormented sea
  24. Wild Gratitude p 1575
    By: Edward Hirsch 46 lines

    Theme: Response to My Cat Jeoffry.

    Lines: "Teach us how to praise--purring in their own language. Writhing themselves in the living fire."
  25. On His Blindness p. 809
    By John Milton 14 lines

    Theme: Serving god. They also serve who wait. If you can't serve, but you want to, the Lord accepts that.

    Lines: They also serve who only stand and wait.
  26. On First Looking into Chapman's Homer
    By John Keats 14 lines

    Theme: Keats reads Homer and he likes it, compares it to the sky and Cortez

    Lines: ?I never breathe its pure serene till I heard. Much have I traveled in the realms of gold.
  27. When I Have Fears that I May Cease to Be p.813
    Author: John Keats 14 lines

    Theme: Thinking about dying. Thinking he'll miss books, stars, and his love.

    Lines: "Of the wide world I stand alone, and think till love and fame to nothingness do sink. ... I shall never live to trace their shadows."
  28. From Beowulf p. 1493
    by Anonymous 78 lines

    Theme: Beowulf jumps into a lake and gets captured by the sea witch. They fight. His sword stinks. He kills her.

    Lines: The swordsman was elated.
  29. The Colonel p. 1229
    By Carolyn Forche 23 lines

    Theme: She goes to dinner at the colonel's house. He spills a bag of ears on the table.

    Lines: Dropped it in a water glass, it came alive there. There is no other way to say this.  I am tired of fooling around.
  30. The General Prologue p. 704
    By Jeffrey Chaucer 860 lines


  31. The Lake Isle of Innisfree p.1300
    by w.b. yeats 12 lines

    Theme: He's going to go build a cabin and he likes nature.

    Lines: I hear it in the deep heart's core. bee-loud glade. peace comes dropping slow.
  32. The Anecdote of the Jar p. 1302
    by wallace stevens 12 lines

    Theme. Jar on a hill, all nature rises to it.

    Lines: like nothing else in Tenessee. /Wilderness rise up to it. round upon the ground.
  33. My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun (sonnet 130) p.1042
    by shakespear 14 lines

    theme: everything is better than her. she is rare.

    lines: and yet by heaven I think my love as rare as any she belied with false compare.
  34. Among school children p. 900
    by w.b. yeats 64 lines

    theme: walking among kids, thinks about life, lots of references to obscure stuff

  35. Channel Firing p. 1113
    by Thomas Hardy 36 lines

    Theme: gun fight, the persona is a man in a grave. judgement day

    Lines: all nations striving to make red war yet redder
  36. The Second Coming p. 1115
    By W.B. Yeats 22 lines

    theme: the world falls to anarchy. Second coming of a weird man lion beast.

    lines: the center cannot hold. the best lack all conviction while the words are full of passionate intensity.
  37. To an Athlete Dying Young p. 202
    by A.E. Houseman 28 lines

    Theme: famous dude loses fame while he is still alive. (rhyming.)

    Lines: the garland briefer than a girl's. And the name died before the man.
  38. My Papa's Watlz p. 989
    By Theodore Roethke 16 lines

    Theme: Abusive dad. Waltz and boy clings to shirt. Goes to bed.

    Lines: You beat time on my head. I hung on like death, such waltzing was not easy.
  39. Those Winter Sundays p. 990
    By Robert Hayden 14 lines

    Theme: Dad gets up early to make a fire. Kid doesn't appreciate it. Reminisces that he was ungrateful.

    Lines: what did I know, what did I know of love's austere and lonely offices?
  40. Yellow Light p. 679
    By Garret Kaoru Hongo 44 lines

    theme: woman walks off the bus, walks through the city, walks home. goes inside. it's yellow.

    lines: if it were may, hydrangeas and jacaranda flowers... flicking on TV sets for Wednesday night fights
  41. Spring and Fall (to a young child) p. 1535
    by Gerard Manley Hopkins 15 lines

    theme: Margaret is sad. he says, worse things will happen. You'll grow old, the world will get cold. you are mourning for yourself.

    lines: it is margaret you mourn for. sorrows springs are the same.
  42. From Quartets, Burnt Norton (IV) p. 1540
    by T.S. Eliot 10 lines

    theme: Sun goes down, the world turns, flowers sleep.

    lines: at the still point of the turning world. time and the bell have buried the day.
  43. The Divine Image p. 1254
    By William Blake 20 lines

    Theme: mercy, pity, peace, love

    Lines: where mercy love and pity dwell there god is dwelling too. prays to the human form divine.
  44. Elegy
    • a poem written in couplets ALSO song
    • used to be sung for soldiers with instruments. Have to do with mournful or solemn. ....

    always moved by the hope of renewal. Helps make sense of loss.
  45. ode
    poem of great length. Serious themes. Elevated style. uses stanzas. FLEXIBLE. derived from choral song. poets identified with a tradition. Because it is flexible it has survived.
  46. ballad
    STORY origins in oral poetry, regular rhymning stanzas (helps memorization). repetition. refrains. HYMNS has a swing, a sway, employs description. briskness and regularity of a folk dance. FOLK.

    ballad=italian TO DANCE
  47. blank verse
    • unrhymed iambic pentameter
    • common influencial


    • Poetry used
    • in Latin and epic Greek poetry.

    Preferred medium

    • Form must be
    • reinvented every time the poet chooses to use it

    • Requires particular
    • tones from a poet
  48. Heroic couplet
    • Pair of ryhming lines of iambic pentamitor
    • chosser, father of english poetry
    • attracts poets witty and inteligant
  49. Sonnet
    • most revered form of poetry
    • invented in itali
    • love poems
    • on his blindness
  50. Villanelle
    • refrains (repeated lines)
    • oddest form
    • ignored light verse
    • complicated ryhme schemes
    • memorable and flexible lines
    • illiteration
    • artificial texture

    (pokemon oddish evolves into vilplume)
  51. Sestina
    • most introcuite form of poetry
    • 39 lines
    • pentamitor
    • repitition instead of ryhme
    • repeating words in each stanza
    • repeat at end summarizes poem
    • key is that a poet must use six words that work together in an argument
    • buetiful and complex
  52. Stanzas
    • clusters of lines
    • means rooms
    • poem is a house of words with many rooms
    • contains a single image
    • helps identify form
    • creates sutle effects
    • complictats meaning
    • meroable and meaningful
  53. Free verse
    • no such thing
    • poetry with no set meters or rhymes
    • very from line to line
    • translators of the king james bible
    • solms and song of soloman
    • most poetry today
    • keedence of the passage
  54. Alliterative
    • anglosaxen
    • chiming on consenants
    • count only the hard beats
    • oral poetry
  55. Meditative
    • phiolsophical or spiritual
    • inspired by medievil or reigious poems
    • 3 powers of the soul
    • memory / intelect / effective will
    • composition of place
    • concrete scene
Card Set:
Poetry 2
2013-03-11 21:30:23

poetry unit 2
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