Lab practical #1 - cat skeleton

Card Set Information

Author:
starshooter102
ID:
198925
Filename:
Lab practical #1 - cat skeleton
Updated:
2013-02-08 14:57:35
Tags:
Cat bones skeleton
Folders:

Description:
hell
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user starshooter102 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Number 1
    • Cervical Vertebrae
    • 7 in mammals
    • first is the atlas
    • second is the axis
    • have a transverse foramen for the passage of the vertebral artery
  2. Number 2
    • Thoracic Vertebrae
    • 13 in cats
    • identified by long dorsal spine
    • ribs are attached
    • "prehistoric" appearance 
  3. Number 3
    • Lumbar Vertebrae
    • Cats have 7
    • located behind throacic vertebrae
    • Points on bottom
  4. Number 4
    • Sacral vertebrae (sacrum
    • 3 fused vertebrae 
    • Looks like a triceratops 
  5. Number 5
    • Caudal vertebrae 
    • The tail bones
    • Varying number of bones
  6. Number 7
    • Sternum
    • Cranial called Manubrium
    • Caudal called xiphoid 
    • 7/12 pairs of ribs are attached directly 
    • 4 pairs are attached to costal cartilages
    • final pair is not attached and "floats"
  7. Number 4
    • Scapula 
    • Shoulder blades
    • ventral continuation is the acromin process
    • caudal projection is the metacromion process
    • glenoid cavity is used for articulation with the humerus 
    • R/L distingushed by curve facing dorsally 
  8. Number 1
    • Humerus
    • proximal end has a head 
    • R/L holes face medially and the indent faces dorsally
  9. Top
    • Ulna
    • Lateral bone of forearm
    • proximal end has a semilunar notch which articulates with the humerus
    • Olecranon - the projection beyond the semilunar notch "elbow"
  10. Bottom
    • Radius
    • Medial bone of foreleg
    • Expanded end articulates with carpals
  11. Carpal bones
    • Wrist bones
    • Distal bones -1-4




    Metacarpals - bones of paw




    • Phalanges - bones of digits #1-5 
    • 1st digit - 2 phalanges (proximal & distal)
    • Other 4 - 3 phalanges (proximal, middle & distal)
    • Femur
    • large bone of thigh
    • proximal end has head "ball joint"
    • R/L ball joint on inside and hinge faces down
    • Os coxae - 2 sides to pelvic girdle fused together
    • Ilium - cranial most part
    • Ischium - part sat on 
    • Pubis - ventrocaudal portion
    • Acetabulum - socket for femur
    • Obturator foramen - large opening
  12. Acetabulum
    Socket for articulation with the head of the femur (located in both ox coxae
  13. Obturator foramen
    Large opening in both Ox Coxae
  14. Bottom
    • Tibia 
    • "shin" bone
    • proximal end has 2 articular condoyles that contact the articular condoyles of femur
    • lateral condyle is fused to head of fibula
    • distal end of fibula fused to center of tibia on lateral surface.
    • R/L - longer point connects to the ankle on the inside
  15. Top
    • Fibula
    • "Splint" like bone fuses to the upper tibia
  16. Patella
    • sesamoid bone cranial to knee joint
    • "knee cap"
  17. Tarsals
    • ankle bone
    • 6 tarsal bones in each foot
  18. Metatarsals
    bones of the foot
  19. Phalanges
    • Bones of digits 
    • Digit 1 - proximal and distal (dew claw) - often not in back paws
    • Digit 2-5 - proximal, middle, and distal.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview