Final Exam- Kidney

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  1. Which of the following is not one of the main processes involoved in making urine?
    A) reabsorption
    B) ketone production
    C) filtration
    D) secretion
    B) ketone production
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. During filtration, fluids move through the blood into the
    A) filtration system
    B) inferior vena cava
    C) superior vena cava
    D) lacteals
    A) filtration system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which is not a component of the filtration system?
    A) lamina densa
    B) fenestrated capillaries in the glomerulus
    C) reabsorption on the Loop of Henle
    D) slits in the podocytes
    C) reabsorption on the Loop of Henle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The force that pushes fluid across the filtration system and leaves behind the filtrate
    A) peripheral resistance
    B) venous return
    C) blood pressure
    D) atmospheric pressure
    C) blood pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Main function of the proximal convoluted tubule
    A) filtration
    B) secretion
    C) gaseous exchange
    D) reabsorption
    D) reabsorption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. This comes down into the renal medulla and functions with water/salt balance
    A) distal convoluted tubule
    B) loop of henle
    C) bowman's capsule
    D) proximal convoluted tubule
    B) Loop of Henle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Secretion of ____ helps to regulate the acid/base balance
    A) Ph
    B) H
    C) Na
    D) O2
    B) H
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. This is a process that dumps products and actively pushes the blood.
    A) secretion
    B) reabsorption
    C) absorption
    D) gaseous exchange
    A) secretion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Restricts losses of water and salt in the urine
    A) Renin
    B) Angiotensin
    C) ADH
    A) Renin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Stimulates reabsorption at the nephron
    A) Angiotensin
    B) Renin
    C) ADH
    B) Renin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following is not a stimuli that causes the juxtaglomerular complex (JGA) to release renin?
    A) fall in systemic pressure
    B) decline in blood pressure
    C) overabundance of angiotensin in the bloodstream
    D) stimulation of JGA cells by sympathetic innervation
    C) overabundance of angiotensin in the blood stream
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following is not an effect of Angiotensin II activation?
    A) stimules secretion of aldosterone and ADH
    B) stimulates reabsorption of sodium and water
    C) none of these
    D) constricts efferent arterioles of the nephron
    E) all of these
    E) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Stimulates reabsorption of water in the distal part of the DCT and collecting system
    A) Angiotensin
    B) Renin
    C) ADH
    C) ADH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following is false about ADH?
    A) increases the rate of osmotic water movement
    B) increases water permeability of DCT
    C) increases the blood viscosity
    D) increases the number of water channels
    C) increases the blood visocity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The macula densa and juxtaglomerular apparatus senses BP through
    A) efferent arterioles
    B) afferent arterioles
    C) B & C
    D) blood osmolarity
    E) A & C
    B) A & C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Large cells in the visceral epithelium that wrap around the lamina densa of glomerular capillaries
    A) leydig cells
    B) macrophages
    C) macrocytes
    D) podocytes
    D) podocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which is false about the glomerular filtration rate?
    A) is about 10% of fluid delivered to the kidneys
    B) functions in acid/base balance
    C) depends on the filtration pressure
    D) is the amount of filtrate kidneys produce each minute
    B) functions in acid/base balance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author:
elo266
ID:
19897
Card Set:
Final Exam- Kidney
Updated:
2010-05-19 15:42:22
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anatomy final exam
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Anatomy 508
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