Final Exam- Kidney

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Author:
elo266
ID:
19897
Filename:
Final Exam- Kidney
Updated:
2010-05-19 11:42:22
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anatomy final exam
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Anatomy 508
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  1. Which of the following is not one of the main processes involoved in making urine?
    A) filtration
    B) ketone production
    C) secretion
    D) reabsorption
    B) ketone production
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. During filtration, fluids move through the blood into the
    A) lacteals
    B) superior vena cava
    C) filtration system
    D) inferior vena cava
    C) filtration system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which is not a component of the filtration system?
    A) reabsorption on the Loop of Henle
    B) slits in the podocytes
    C) fenestrated capillaries in the glomerulus
    D) lamina densa
    A) reabsorption on the Loop of Henle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The force that pushes fluid across the filtration system and leaves behind the filtrate
    A) peripheral resistance
    B) blood pressure
    C) atmospheric pressure
    D) venous return
    B) blood pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Main function of the proximal convoluted tubule
    A) filtration
    B) reabsorption
    C) secretion
    D) gaseous exchange
    B) reabsorption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. This comes down into the renal medulla and functions with water/salt balance
    A) loop of henle
    B) distal convoluted tubule
    C) proximal convoluted tubule
    D) bowman's capsule
    A) Loop of Henle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Secretion of ____ helps to regulate the acid/base balance
    A) H
    B) Na
    C) O2
    D) Ph
    A) H
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. This is a process that dumps products and actively pushes the blood.
    A) gaseous exchange
    B) reabsorption
    C) secretion
    D) absorption
    C) secretion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Restricts losses of water and salt in the urine
    A) ADH
    B) Renin
    C) Angiotensin
    B) Renin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Stimulates reabsorption at the nephron
    A) Angiotensin
    B) Renin
    C) ADH
    B) Renin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following is not a stimuli that causes the juxtaglomerular complex (JGA) to release renin?
    A) decline in blood pressure
    B) overabundance of angiotensin in the bloodstream
    C) stimulation of JGA cells by sympathetic innervation
    D) fall in systemic pressure
    B) overabundance of angiotensin in the blood stream
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following is not an effect of Angiotensin II activation?
    A) stimulates reabsorption of sodium and water
    B) all of these
    C) constricts efferent arterioles of the nephron
    D) stimules secretion of aldosterone and ADH
    E) none of these
    B) all of these
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Stimulates reabsorption of water in the distal part of the DCT and collecting system
    A) Renin
    B) Angiotensin
    C) ADH
    C) ADH
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following is false about ADH?
    A) increases water permeability of DCT
    B) increases the rate of osmotic water movement
    C) increases the number of water channels
    D) increases the blood viscosity
    D) increases the blood visocity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The macula densa and juxtaglomerular apparatus senses BP through
    A) blood osmolarity
    B) A & C
    C) afferent arterioles
    D) efferent arterioles
    E) B & C
    C) A & C
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Large cells in the visceral epithelium that wrap around the lamina densa of glomerular capillaries
    A) leydig cells
    B) macrocytes
    C) macrophages
    D) podocytes
    D) podocytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which is false about the glomerular filtration rate?
    A) is the amount of filtrate kidneys produce each minute
    B) depends on the filtration pressure
    C) functions in acid/base balance
    D) is about 10% of fluid delivered to the kidneys
    C) functions in acid/base balance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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