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all tissues that surround the teeth
towards top of roof
where other tooth meets the crown/towards occlusal
unattatched to tooth, creates sulcus attatched to gingiva
soft tissue next to tooth
gingiva sulcus depth
surrounds roots of teeth and serves as attatchment
calcified tissue covering tooth root
comprises majority of tooth
- single root
- biters and obtainers
- are always 01
which canine teeth are in 01-03
- canine tooth single
- single root
- for tearing/defence
- gives strength and structure to jaw
- pre molars
- more than one route
- multi routed
explain how to use the quadrant dental record key
jay split into 4 quadrants, numbers starting from top left as quadrant 1-2 then under 3-4 mirror image of numbers in quadrant explaining which teeth are where.
what is the equation for using a anatomical chart to find out how many teeth are in the mouth?
2(I 3/3 + C1/1 + M2/3) =total number of teeth
what is the trident system?
when a puppy has baby teeth and adult teeth you would add 5-6-7-8 onto the original dental record key to indicate extra teeth
name 2 post dental diets
- hills t/d
- mcrc dental diet
how many days before a dental prophy would antibiotics start if mouth is in bad condition?
what type of antibiotics would be given prior to a dental prophy?
what would you do to the endotracheal tube during a dental prophy?
pack it to reduce amount of swallowed water that pools
name and describe the 12 steps in a dental prophy
- 1- GA patient
- 2- exam with vet to determine and plan prophylaxis
- 3-measure depth of gingival sulcus
- 4-remove calculus or stains on exposed services of tooth
- 5-remove calculus from gingival crevice
- 6-polish tooth surfaces
- 7-flush the gingival sulcus
- 8-apply fluoride treatment
- 9-possible x-ray per vets request
- 10-post oral exam and charting with vet
- 11-document in patients med records
- 12-monitor during post GA recovery
benefits to brushing
- reduction of bad breath
- reduction in frequency of professional dental cleaning
- reduction in tartar and gingivitis
how deep is a healthy gingival sulcus?
- dog 1-3mm deep
- cats 0.5-1mm deep
periodontal disease is a destructive infection of the supportive structures of the teeth. it is a progressive usually non-regenerative and incurable disease, yet it can be manageable with proper technique and treatment.
name the 5 stages of periodontal disease
- initial lesion Grade I
- early lesion Grade II
- established lesion Grade III
- Moderate lesion Grade IV
- Advanced Lesion Grade V
name the 5 types of teeth
- deciduous teeth
name 4 prophylaxis hand instruments
- sickle scaler
double ended, probe end is long, thin, calibrated in mm to measure defects below gum line
thin and triangular in cross section, tapers to point with two cutting edges, used at 85 degree angle between the cutting edge of the blade and tooth
short blade used with steady pull stroke of only a few mm resting on the tooth the entire stroke
thin spoon shaped instrument that can be used subgingival. short and precise scaling strokes are used with 45-85 degrees. working angle between blade and tooth.
explain ultrasonic scaling
used a combo of flushing water and vibrations. reduces operating time and removes debris and additional calculus quickly above gum line. use at 45 degree angle in a elliptical pattern to avoid damaging enamel
explain subgingival scaling
most inportant aspect of dental prophy removes calculus and debris from gingival crevice where periodontal disease develops.
used to buff out surface irregularitys in the enamel and cementum caused by the scaling
explain subgingival irrigation
flushes calculus and debris and pumice from the gingival sulcus which is left behind
after drying patients teeth apply topical flouride gel or foam. wipe of flouride after waiting 1-4 mins. also serves as antibacterial agent and strengthens tooth.
name 4 additional dental procedures
- root canal
- restorations (caps)
- periodontal surgery