Suffixes, prefixes, root words

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lhills
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199149
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Suffixes, prefixes, root words
Updated:
2013-02-10 18:27:46
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medical suffixes
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medical suffixes
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  1. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  2. Arthr/o
    joint
  3. -clast
    to break
  4. oste/o
    bone
  5. -desis
    binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
  6. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  7. append
    appendix
  8. -lysis
    separation; destruction; loosening
  9. thromb/o
    blood clot
  10. -pexy
    fixation (of an organ)
  11. mast/o
    breast
  12. -plasty
    surgical repair
  13. rhin/o
    nose
  14. rrhapy
    suture
  15. my/o
    muscle
  16. -stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)
  17. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  18. -tome
    instrument to cut
  19. -tomy
    incision
  20. -tripsy
    crushing
  21. lith/o
    stone, calculus
  22. -gram
    record, writing
  23. electr/o
    electricity
  24. cardi/o
    heart
  25. -graph
    instrument for recording
  26. -graphy
    process of recording
  27. angi/o
    vessel (usually blood or lymph)
  28. -meter
    instrument for measuring
  29. pelv/i*
    pelvis
  30. -metry
    act of measuring
  31. -scope
    instrument for examining
  32. endo-
    in, within
  33. -scopy
    visual examination
  34. -algia, -dynia
    pain

    neuralgia, otodynia
  35. neur
    nerve
  36. ot/o
    ear
  37. -cele
    hernia, swelling
  38. hepat/o
    liver
  39. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  40. bronchi
    bronchus (plural: bronchi)
  41. -edema
    swelling
  42. lymph
    lymph
  43. chol/e/lith/iasis*

    koleeliTHIasis
    -iasis = abnormal condition (produced by something specific)

    • chol/e: bile, gall
    • lith: stone, calculus
  44. -emesis
    vomiting
  45. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  46. -emia
    blood condition
  47. an-
    without, not
  48. -itis
    inflammation
  49. gastr
    stomach
  50. chol/e/lith*
    chol/e: bile, gall

    -lith: stone, calculus
  51. -malacia
    softening
  52. chondr/o
    cartilage
  53. -megaly
    enlargement
  54. cardi/o
    heart
  55. -oma
    tumor
  56. neur
    nerve
  57. -osis
    abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood vessels)
  58. -pathy
    disease
  59. my/o
    muscle
  60. -penia
    decrease, deficiency
  61. erythr/o
    red
  62. -phobia
    fear
  63. hem/o
    blood
  64. -plegia
    paralysis
  65. hemi-
    one half
  66. -rrhage, -rrhagia
    bursting (of)

    hemorrhage, menorrhagia
  67. men/o
    menses, menstruation
  68. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  69. dia-
    through, across
  70. -rrhexis
    rupture
  71. arteri/o
    artery
  72. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  73. arteri/o
    artery
  74. -toxic
    poison
  75. hepat/o
    liver
  76. -trophy
    nourishment, development
  77. dys-
    bad; painful, difficult
  78. A-   an-
    not, without

    a=before a consonant

    an=before a vowel
  79. circum-, peri-
    around
  80. mast:
    breast
  81. ia:
    condition
  82. esthesia
    feeling
  83. -duction
    act of leading, bringing, conducting
  84. odont
    teeth
  85. dia-, trans-
    through, across
  86. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  87. -esthesia
    feeling
  88. vagin
    vagina
  89. dipl-, diplo-
    double
  90. -opia
    vision
  91. bacteri
    bacteria
  92. endo-, intra-
    in, within
  93. -crine
    secrete
  94. muscul
    muscle
  95. homo-, homeo-
    same
  96. -graft
    transplantation
  97. -plasia
    formation, growth
  98. hypo-
    under, below, deficient
  99. derm:
    skin
  100. macro-
    large
  101. -cyte
    cell
  102. micro-
    small
  103. -scope
    instrument for examining
  104. mono-, uni-,
    one
  105. nucle
    nucleus
  106. post-
    after, behind
  107. nat
    birth
  108. pre-, pro-
    before, in front of
  109. gnosis
    knowing
  110. primi-
    first
  111. gravida
    pregnant woman
  112. retro-
    backward, behind
  113. -version
    turning
  114. super-
    upper, above
  115. chondr/o
    cartilage
  116. cyt/0
    cell
  117. hist/o
    tissue
  118. nucle/o
    nucleus
  119. anter/o
    anterior, front
  120. caud/o
    tail
  121. dist/o
    far, farthest
  122. dors/o
    back (of body)
  123. infer/o
    lower, below
  124. later/o
    side, to one side
  125. medi/o
    middle
  126. poster/o
    back (of body), behind, posterior
  127. proxim/o
    near, nearest
  128. super/o
    upper, above
  129. ventr/o
    belly, belly side
  130. -ad
    toward
  131. -logist
    specialist in the study of
  132. -logy
    study of
  133. -lysis
    separation; destruction; loosening
  134. -toxic
    poison
  135. adjective suffixes that mean 'pertaining to'
    • -ac
    • -al
    • -ar
    • -ary
    • -eal
    • -iac
    • -ic
    • -ior
    • -ous
    • -tic
  136. median plane
    midsagittal
  137. frontal plane
    coronal
  138. horizontal plane
    transverse
  139. cephal/ad
    toward the head
  140. ab-
    away from
  141. -duction
    act of leading, bringing, conducting
  142. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  143. cephal/o
    head
  144. cervic/o
    neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
  145. crani/o
    cranium (skull)
  146. gastr/o
    stomach
  147. ili/o
    ilium
  148. inguin/o
    groin
  149. lumb/o
    loins (lower back)
  150. pelv/i*

    pelv/o
    pelvis
  151. spin/o
    spine
  152. thorac/o
    chest
  153. umbilic/o
    umbilicus, navel
  154. adhesion
    band of scar tissue binding anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other
  155. inflammation
    protective response of body tissues to irritation, infection or allergy
  156. sepsis
    body's inflammatory response to infection, in which these is fever, elevated heart and respiratory rate, and low blood pressure
  157. -scopy
    visual examination
  158. endoscopy
    visual examination of the interior organs and cavities with a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
  159. fluoro-
    luminous, fluorescence
  160. fluroscopy
    radiographic procedure that uses a fluorescent screen instead of a photographic plate to produce a visual image from x-rays that pass through the patient, resulting in continuous imaging of the motion of internal structures and immediate serial images.
  161. MRI
    radiographic technique that uses electromagnetic energy to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images of the body

    (good for abnormalities of the brain and spinal cord)
  162. nuclear scan
    diagnostic technique that produces an image of an organ or area by recording the concentration of a radiopharmaceutical (radioactive substance {radionuclide} and another chemical) introduced into the body (ingested, inhaled, or injected)
  163. radiography
    production of captured shadow images on photographic film through the action of ionizing radiation passing through the body from an external source

    (good for diagnosing fractures)
  164. radi/o
    radiation, x-ray, radius
  165. radiopharmaceutical
    diagnostic, research, and therapeutic

    drug that contains a radioactive substance which travels to an area or specific organ to be scanned
  166. scan
    technique for carefully studying an area, organ, or system of the body by recording and displaying an image of the area
  167. tomography
    (CT, PET, and SPECT)

    radiographic technique that produces a film representing a detailed cross-section, or slice of an area, tissue, or organ at a predetermined depth
  168. CT
    narrow beam of x-rays that rotate in a full arc around the patient to acquire multiple views of the body that a computer interprets to produce cross-sectional images of that body part
  169. PET

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