CSET 1: English Glossary

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  1. allegory
    an extended metaphor, w/ one surface meaning and another underlying meaning.
  2. antagonist
    the character who opposes the main character in a work of fiction.
  3. archetypes
    models or patterns instantly recognizable fro their universal characteristics
  4. characterization
    the creation of characters to populate a story
  5. climax
    the high point of a narrative
  6. connotation
    the set of associations of a word conveys, as opposed to its strict definition
  7. denotation
    definition of a word
  8. descriptive writing
    writing that paints a picture of a fictional world
  9. dialogue
    conversation between 2+ characters in fiction
  10. expository writing
    writing that presents information critical for understanding of a whole piece
  11. figures of speech (such as a metaphor, simile, symbol)
    uses of language that are not meant to be taken literally
  12. formative assessments
    informal assessments that are ongoing, classroom-based, and oriented toward individual achievements
  13. interior monologue
    (in fiction) reveals a character's thoughts and feelings
  14. irony
    the tension, or difference between what is expected (or what appears to be) and what is actually the case
  15. language acquisition device (LAD)
    innate structural predisposition of the human brain to make sense of language (to acquire the specific sets of phonemes, morphemes, and syntactical structures that belong to any specific language system)
  16. metacognition
    awareness that there are skills that can increase learning efficiency and effectiveness; learning how to learn
  17. metaphor
    comparison between 2 unlike things as though they are the same
  18. meter
    rhythm of a poem; may be regular or irregular
  19. morphemes
    the sound sequences (sequences of phonemes) that convey meaning
  20. morphology
    study of word structure
  21. narrative writing
    writing that tells a story
  22. natural language acquisition
    type of learning modeled on the way young children absorb a native tongue (as opposed to traditional language learning, w/ its rule-oriented teaching)
  23. parallelism
    structural device in which words, phrases, or ideas, are repeated, once or several times
  24. parody
    humorous subgenre of fiction that mimics the style and conventions of another, serious work
  25. personification
    the attribution of human qualities to non-human animals or objects
  26. persuasive writing
    writing designed to convince the reader of the author's point of view
  27. phonemes
    sounds that signal differences in meaning
  28. phonological awareness (phonemic awareness)
    the understanding that words are composed of sounds called phonemes
  29. phonology
    study of the way sounds function in language
  30. plot
    what happens in a story
  31. point of view
    perspective from which a story is told
  32. pragmatics
    study of the social, physical, cultural contexts of language use
  33. rhetoric
    term for a collection of strategies n language choices writers use to achieve their goals
  34. satire
    exposes, often humorously, the follies, foibles, and vices of a grp or system (e.g, institutions, ideas, or societies)
  35. scaffolding
    the support a teacher provides to enable a student to extend his knowledge
  36. setting
    environment in which a story takes place
  37. simile
    comparison of two dissimilar things using like or as
  38. summative assessments (e.g. standardized tests)
    take place after a period of learning n are designed to evaluate how well the learning has taken place
  39. symbol
    use of figurative language in which a word or phrase signifies, or stands for, something else, in addition to itself
  40. syntax
    the grammatical structure of sentences
  41. theme
    the central or unifying concept of a work of art
  42. tone
    term for attitude of an artistic work
  43. universal grammar
    general properties that underlie n govern the development of all human languages
  44. zone of proximal development (ZPD)
    difference between a child's capacity to solve a problem on his own and his ability to solve the problem w/ assistance
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CSET 1: English Glossary
2013-02-11 16:56:51
CSET English Glossary

CSET 1: English Glossary
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