Osteoporosis can cause compression fractures in the spinal column. These fractures often lead to a stooped posture, increasing the pressure along the front of the spinal column, and result in even more compression fractures. Exercises that gently stretch the upper back, strengthen the muscles between the shoulder blades and improve posture can all help to reduce harmful stress on the bones and maintain bone density. Avoid stretches that flex your spine or cause you to bend at the waist.
- Dynamic abdominal exercises eg. situps
- Twisting movements eg. golf swing
- Trunk flexion
- Abrupt or explosive loading
- High impact loading eg. jogging, running, jumping.