NCLEX- Gastrointestinal disorders

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Gandrews
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199277
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NCLEX- Gastrointestinal disorders
Updated:
2013-02-10 20:05:04
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NCLEX Gastrointestinal disorders
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NCLEX- Gastrointestinal disorders
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  1. Scopolamine (Transderm Scop)
    Anticholingergic. Used for nausea.
  2. dexamethasone (Decadron)
    Glucocorticoid used for nausea.
  3. Promethazine (phenergan)
    Dopamine agonist used for nausea
  4. Prochlorperazine (Compazine)
    Dopamine antagonist. Antiemetic.
  5. Compazine is not usually administered to children and older adults due to it causing what?
    EPS sumptoms aka restlessness, anxiety, and spasms of the face and neck
  6. Diphenoxylate plus atropine (Lomotil)
    Antidiarrheal
  7. Loperamide (Imdodium)
    Antidiarrheal
  8. Difenoxin (Motofen)
    Antidiarrheal
  9. metoclopramide (Reglan)
    Prokinetic agent. Dopamine antagonist. Controls n/v. acts like ach which cause an increases in GI motility.
  10. What are to main nursing considerations when a pt is on Metoclopramide (reglan)
    EPS symptoms (restlessness, anxiety, and spasms of face and neck.

    CNS depression and Diarrhea.
  11. Alosetron (Lotronex)
    Med for IBS w/ Diarrhea. Increases firmness of the stool and decreases urgency.
  12. What is a side effect of alosetron (Lotronex)?
    Constipation.
  13. Lubiprostone (Amitiza)
    Med for IBS w/ Constipation. Increases fluid secretion in the intestine to promote intestinal motility.
  14. Who is lubiprostone contraindicated in?
    People w/ a hx of bowel obstruction, chron's disease, ulcerative colitis, or diverticulitis.
  15. Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine)
    5-aminosalicylate. Used in IBS (Chron's disease, ulcerative colitis). Dereases inflammation by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis.
  16. Mesalamine (Asacol, Rowasa)
    • 5-aminosalicylate. Used in IBS (Chron's disease, ulcerative colitis).
    • Dereases inflammation by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis.

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