Veterinary Arrythmia's

Card Set Information

Author:
LRussellCVT
ID:
199305
Filename:
Veterinary Arrythmia's
Updated:
2013-02-09 23:41:21
Tags:
Veterinary Technician Cardiology ECG Arrythmia
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Description:
Flash cards for Veterinary Technology Vet Sci IV Cardiology Unit. ECG recognition for canine, and feline.
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  1. ___________________________
    Rate-
    Dog:
    Cat:
    • Normal Sinus Rhythm
    • Rate
    • Dog: 70-160BPM
    • Cat: 120-140BPM

  2. _____________________________
    Rate:
    Causes:
    TX:
    • Sinus Bradycardia
    • Rate: <70 BPM
    • Causes: Vomiting, Renal Failure, Hyperkalemia
    • TX: Atropine, Glycopyrrolate

  3. ______________________________
    Rate:
    Cause:
    TX:
    • Sinus Tachycardia
    • Rate: >160 BPM
    • Cause: Shock, CHF, Hypoxia
    • TX: Digoxin for CHF
    • Lidocaine for excitement to sedate

  4. ______________________________
    Normal In:
    Pathological In:
    Cause:
    • Sinus Arrythmia
    • Normal In: Dogs & Horses
    • Pathological In: Cats
    • Causes: Increased rates during expiration, and slower rates during inhalation.

  5. ______________________________
    Causes:
    Signs:
    TX:
    • Ventricular Premature Complex (VPC)
    • Causes: Cardiomyopathy, Valve Disease, Feline hyperthyroidism, neoplasia, hypoxia (GDV)
    • Signs: Exercise intolerance, weakness, syncope, pulse┬ádeficits, sudden death.
    • TX: Dogs- Lidocaine Cats-Procainimide

  6. ______________________________
    Def:
    • Begeminy
    • Pattern alternating 2+ VPC's in a row.

  7. ______________________________
    Clinical Signs:
    Rate:
    TX:
    • Ventricular Tachycardia
    • C/S: Life threatening, converts to ventricular fibrillation
    • Rate: >150BPM
    • TX: Dogs-Lidocaine, Cats-Procainimide (CRI)

  8. ______________________________
    Criteria:
    Causes:
    TX:
    • Ventricular Fibrillation
    • Criteria: No Pulse
    • Causes: Severe systemic illness, shock, trauma, cardiac surgery, anesthetic reaction, severe hypothermia, untreated V-Tach
    • TX: 1. Electrocardioadversion (defibrillate)
    • 2. Anti-arrythmics

  9. ______________________________
    Def:
    Causes:
    TX:
    • Ventricular Asystole
    • Def: Absence of pacemaker impulses, no pulse, no ventricular contraction
    • Causes: hyperkalemia, cardiac disease, severe systemic illness
    • TX: CPCR, Epinephrine, Atropine

  10. ______________________________
    Crit:
    Causes:
    TX:
    • Atrial Fibrillation
    • Crit: Flutter waves
    • Causes: Atrial enlargement, dialated cardiomyopathy
    • TX: Digoxin, quinidine

  11. __________________
    Def:
    P Waves:
    Rate:
    Causes:
    TX:
    • Atrial Standstill
    • Def: Absence of P waves, with regular escape beat
    • Rate: <60 BPM, slow pacemaker (40-60 BPM)
    • Causes: Hyperkalemia, Cardiomyopathy
    • TX: Hyperkalemia: NaCl Fluids
    • Pacemaker surgery

  12. ______________________________
    Definition:
    Causes:
    TX:
    • 1st Degree AV Block
    • Definition: Delay in conduction. (Between P wave and QRS complex)
    • Causes: Older patient, hypothyroidism

  13. _______________________________
    Definition:
    Common In:
    TX:
    • 2nd Degree AV Block
    • Definition: 1 or more P waves now followed by a QRS complex.
    • Common In: Horses due to vagal tone
    • TX: Atropine, Anti-cholenergic (as needed)

  14. ______________________________
    Def:
    Causes:
    TX:
    • 3rd Degree AV Block
    • Definition: Impulse is completely blocked, all P waves are constant and occuring at normal intervals.
    • Causes: Congenital, Cardiomyopathy, Digitalis toxicity
    • TX: Pacemaker SX

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