Nutrition 1020

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Author:
faulkner116
ID:
199397
Filename:
Nutrition 1020
Updated:
2013-02-10 13:16:45
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Module2
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Description:
Dietary Guidelines and Recommendations 2.4
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  1. Dietary Guidelines, 2010
    • Americans are overweight or obese and under nourished.Individual, societal, and environmental efforts and interventions are called for.

    • Four directives related to reducing overweight and obesity,Calorie, sodium, solid fat, added sugars, refined grains, and non-nutritious food intake, and increasing plant-based eating and physical activity.

    • Nine sustainable food environment changes centered on improving nutrition, food, and cooking literacy and skills,physical education, financial incentives and agricultural programs that ensure healthy and sustainable eating and food security and portion control.

    • Eight topic-specific finding areas that promote energy balance and weight control, adequate nutrient, protein, and water intake, whole grains, food safety, and limited SFA (<7%),cholesterol (<300 mg/day), sodium (<2,300 mg /day to 1,500mg/day) and alcohol intake.
  2. Dietary Guidelines, 2010:

    Less
    • Less:
    • • Sedentary behaviors
    • • Large portions
    • • Saturated fat and trans fat
    • • Added sugars and sodium
    • • Snacking
    • • Fast food
    • • Mindless eating
    • • Heavy alcohol consumption
    • • Food borne illness
    • • Obesity and chronic disease prevention
  3. Dietary Guidelines, 2010

    More
    • More:
    • • Physical activity
    • • Appropriate portions
    • • Foods high in essential nutrients
    • • Home cooking
    • • Plant based and whole foods
    • • Seafood
    • • Nutrition and physical education
    • • Financial incentives to eat right
    • • Food safety and security
    • • Good health and function
  4. AHA Recommends
    • • AHA overall healthy eating plan: Consume a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole-grain. Consume fish(twice/week, esp. oily). Minimize the intake of beverages and foods with added sugars.
    • – Healthy Body weight.

    – Desirable lipid profile: <300 mg chol, SFA <7%, PUFA upto 10%, MUFA up to 15%, avoid trans fatty acids (<1%).

    – Desirable blood pressure: sodium between 1,500 and2,300 mg/day

    – Alcohol in moderation if any.
  5. ACS Recommends
    • • ACS: Eat a variety of healthful foods, with an emphasis on plant sources.
    • – 5 or more fruits and vegetables

    – whole grains not refined grains

    – limit high fat red and processed meats and alcohol

    • Maintain a healthy body weight throughout life, be physically active.

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