Cross Sectional Anatomy

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joesaflea
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199507
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Cross Sectional Anatomy
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2013-02-13 00:31:49
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Cross Sectional Anatomy
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Cross Sectional Anatomy
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  1. Divides along the long axis
    Longitudinal
  2. Divides perpendicular to the long axis
    Cross or Transverse
  3. Divides across the long axis at other than a right angle
    Oblique
  4. Separates into right and left halves
    Sagittal
  5. Runs through the midline; divides into equal halves
    Midsagittal or Median
  6. Runs to one side of the midline
    Parasagittal
  7. Runs vertically and divides into anterior and posterior portions
    Frontal or Coronal
  8. Divides the body into superior and inferior portions
    Transverse or Horizontal
  9. Cranial cavity and the vertebral canal
    Dorsal Cavities
  10. Thoracic cavity, Diaphragm, Abdominal cavity and Pelvic cavity.
    Ventral Cavities
  11. The trachea terminates by bifurcating
    into two primary bronchi at roughly which level of the vertebra?
    T5-T7
  12. Cervical vertebral curve
    Lordotic curve
  13. Thoracic vertebral curve
    Kyphotic curve
  14. Lumbar vertebral curve
    Lordotic curve
  15. Sacrum, Sacral hiatus and Coccyx curve
    Kyphotic curve
  16. Number of cervical vertebra?
    7 vertebra
  17. Number of thoracic vertebra?
    12 vertebra
  18. Number of lumbar vertebra?
    5 vertebra
  19. “Heart-shaped” vertebral bodies, as seen in
    cross-section, are characteristic of what region of the spine?
    Thoracic
  20. “Oval” vertebral bodies, as seen in
    cross-section, are characteristic of what region of the spine?
    cervical
  21. “kidney bean” vertebral bodies, as seen in
    cross-section, are characteristic of what region of the spine?
    lumbar
  22. What rib is the last to have cartilage connecting to the sternum?
    rib 7
  23. The thorax is divided from the abdominopelvic cavity by the __________.

    A. mediastinum
    B. diaphragm
    C. pleura
    D. thoracic outlet
    B. diaphragm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The serous membrane that encompasses the lungs is the

    A. pleura
    B. pericardium
    C. peritoneum
    D. pia matter
    A. pleura
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Match the following terms with their definitions

    3. frontal
    4. distal
    5. transverse
    6. deep

    a. away from the surface
    b. farther from the trunk
    c. closer to the head
    d. separates into anterior and posterior halves
    e. divides perpendicular to the long axis
    • 3 D
    • 4 B
    • 5 E
    • 6 A
  26. A curvature of the thoracic spine in the frontal plane

    A. spondylolesthesis
    B. lordosis
    C. scoliosis
    D. kyphosis
    C. scoliosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Costal facets are found in the vertebrae of what region?

    A. cervical
    B. thoracic
    C. sacral
    D. lumbar
    B. thoracic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The vertebral foramen is relatively smallest in what region?

    A. thoracic
    B. lumbar
    C. cervical
    A. thoracic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The articular surfaces of the zygopophyseal joints of the lumbar vertebrae are roughly oriented in the ____________ plane.

    A. sagittal
    B. horizontal
    C. frontal
    D. transverse
    A. sagittal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The first most prominent spinous process is at

    A. T1
    B. C7
    C. C1
    D. C5
    B. C7
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Intervertebral disc herniations are most frequent at what level?

    A. thoracic
    B. cervical
    C. sacral
    D. lumbar
    D. lumbar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The vertebral body of C1 is replaced by the

    A. transverse process
    B. zygopophysis
    C. dens
    D. posterior arch
    C. dens
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The sternal angle coincides with what vertebral level?

    A. T7
    B. T1/2
    C. C6
    D. T4/5
    D. T4/5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The xyphisternal joint lies at the level of

    A. T3
    B. T1
    C. T4/5
    D. T8/9
    D. T8/9
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The horizontal fissure crosses the _____ rib at the midaxillary line.

    A. 5
    B. 10
    C. 8
    D. 12
    A. 5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The base of the heart lies at what vertebral level?

    A. T7
    B. T4/5
    C. C6
    D. T1/2
    B. T4/5
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The reflected “cuff” of pleura beneath the root of the lung is the

    A. pulmonary ligament
    B. hilum
    C. pulmonary trunk
    D. oblique fissure
    A. pulmonary ligament
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. The aorta arises from the

    A. left ventricle
    B. left atrium
    C. right ventricle
    D. right atrium
    A. left ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The most anterior vessel to branch off the aortic arch is the

    A. left subclavian artery
    B. left vertebral artery
    C. brachiocephalic artery
    D. left common carotid artery
    C. brachiocephalic artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The vessel that bifurcates inferior to the aortic arch is the

    A. superior vena cava
    B. left brachiocephalic vein
    C. pulmonary trunk
    D. pulmonary vein
    C. pulmonary trunk
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The esophagus lies immediately posterior to the

    A. left atrium
    B. left ventricle
    C. right atrium
    D. right ventricle
    A. left atrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The scapular line crosses the spine of

    A. T12
    B. T5
    C. L1
    D. T7
    D. T7
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The trachea divides into the primary bronchi between what levels?

    A. T7-9
    B. T5-7
    C. T10-12
    D. T3-5
    B. T5-7
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. What chamber lies at “3:00” position in a supine patient seen in transverse section?

    A. right atrium
    B. left ventricle
    C. right ventricle
    D. left atrium
    B. left ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The valve that lies between the right atrium and the right ventricle is the

    A. bicuspid (mitral)
    B. aortic semilunar
    C. pulmonary semilunar
    D. tricuspid
    D. tricuspid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. The first major branch off the left coronary artery is the

    A. right marginal
    B. anterior interventricular
    C. coronary sinus
    D. small cardiac vein
    B. anterior interventricular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. What vessel crosses anterior to the branches of the aortic arch?

    A. pulmonary trunk
    B. right brachiocephalic vein
    C. superior vena cava
    D. left brachiocephalic vein
    D. left brachiocephalic vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Which of the following is located between the thoracic vertebrae and the trachea?

    A. azygos vein
    B. esophagus
    C. thoracic duct
    D. aorta
    B. esophagus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. What vessels lies to the right of the ascending aorta?

    A. superior vena cava
    B. pulmonary veins
    C. pulmonary trunk
    D. right subclavian artery
    A. superior vena cava
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. What vessel crosses superior to the root of the right lung?

    A. azygos vein
    B. brachicephalic artery
    C. aorta
    D. inferior vena cava
    A. azygos vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. The esophagus is naturally smaller in two areas. Which are?
    Where the trachea splits and where it passes through the diaphragm.
  52. Whats in the plural cavity?
    serous fluid (not the lungs)
  53. The apex is where in relation to the ribs?
    at the space between rib 4 and rib 5
  54. Pleura encompasses the lungs and fuses down to rib ___ while the lungs reach down to rib ___.
    10, 8.
  55. Pulmonary Arteries are (superior/inferior) to the pulmonary veins?
    Superior
  56. Annulus Fibrosis is layered how?
    in different directions
  57. The nipple line of males is at the same level as what?
    the intercostal space between ribs 4 and 5.
  58. Another name for C1 is:
    Atlas
  59. The Atlantooccipital joint is:
    forming of superior articular process of atlas with occipital condyles of cranium.
  60. Another name for C2 is:
    • Axis
    • has odontoid process (dens) - which acts as pivot
  61. The Atlantoaxial joint is:
    superior articular joint of the axis with the atlas resting on top.
  62. The Sacrum has ___ segments (which have fused together) and ___ pairs of sacral foramina.
    5, 4.
  63. Closer to the head than another structure (usually synonymous with superior)
    Cephalic
  64. Closer to the tail than another structure (usually synonymous with inferior)
    Caudal
  65. Belly
    Ventral
  66. Back
    Dorsal
  67. Toward or on the surface
    Superficial
  68. Away from the surface. internal.
    Deep

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