Qrt 2 PE Lecture Exam 1
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What type of pain involves the nerve root?
What type of pain involves a nerve?
What does a herniated nucleus pulpose (HNP) affect?
nerve root (radicular)
What will fail first under extreme axial loading?
vertebral end plate
What fails during flexion loading?
posterior annulus fibrosus
What is used to centralize the nucleus pulposis?
what type of force reproduces pain in canal stenosis?
what is associated with fracture of pars interarticularis?
What is prone to fracture in a patient with hypolordosis?
what is caused by hyperlordosis?
pressure of facetts, ligaments, tendons
What can aggravate someone with SI dysfunction?
- compression and shearing
- hurts when returning to erect position
in what percent of of the population does the sciatic nerve pierce the piriformis?
What can be used to diagnosis piriformis syndrome?
straight leg raise with external rotation
What is an inflammatory fusion of a spinal motion segment?
What are the four areas of TOS testing?
- scalene triangle
What type of motion causes compression in scalene triangle?
what type of motion causes compression in costoclavicular area?
- extension w/ external rotation
- abduction w/ external rotation
- Downward traction
what type of motion causes compression in coroacopectoral area?
what is the force affecting direction of rotation?
what is the force opposing force torque?
what is the distance between fulcrum and EF?
what is the distance between fulcrum and RF?
what is the most common relationship between RA and EA?
what is the location of the center of gravity in a standing individual?
4cm anterior to S1
what type of force is resisted by by the vertebral body?
what forces are affected by pedicles?
what type of force is resisted by the Z joints?
sheer, compressing, tensile, torsional
what forces are resisted by annulus fibrosis?
shear, tensile, torsional
What nerve innervates the outer third of the IVD?
what motions are resisted in the cervical region?
- lateral bending
- some flexion and extension
what type of motion is resisted in the lumbar region?
rotation and flexion
what area of the spine has the highest and lowest disk to vertebral body height?
- Highest = Cervical
- Lowest = Thoracic
What would you like to do?
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