Qrt 2 PE Lecture Exam 1

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  1. What type of pain involves the nerve root?
  2. What type of pain involves a nerve?
  3. What does a herniated nucleus pulpose (HNP) affect?
    nerve root (radicular)
  4. What will fail first under extreme axial loading?
    vertebral end plate
  5. What fails during flexion loading?
    posterior annulus fibrosus
  6. What is used to centralize the nucleus pulposis?
    passive extension
  7. what type of force reproduces pain in canal stenosis?
    shearing force
  8. what is associated with fracture of pars interarticularis?
  9. What is prone to fracture in a patient with hypolordosis?
    vertebral endplate
  10. what is caused by hyperlordosis?
    pressure of facetts, ligaments, tendons
  11. What can aggravate someone with SI dysfunction? 
    • compression and shearing
    • hurts when returning to erect position
  12. in what percent of of the population does the sciatic nerve pierce the piriformis?
  13. What can be used to diagnosis piriformis syndrome?
    straight leg raise with external rotation
  14. What is an inflammatory fusion of a spinal motion segment?
    ankylosing spondylitis
  15. What are the four areas of TOS testing?
    • sternocostovertebral
    • scalene triangle
    • costoclavicular
    • coracopectoral
  16. What type of motion causes compression in scalene triangle?
    head movments
  17. what type of motion causes compression in costoclavicular area?
    • extension w/ external rotation
    • abduction w/ external rotation
    • Downward traction
  18. what type of motion causes compression in coroacopectoral area?
  19. what is the force affecting direction of rotation?
    effort force
  20. what is the force opposing force torque?
    resistance force
  21. what is the distance between fulcrum and EF?
    effort arm
  22. what is the distance between fulcrum and RF?
    resistance arm
  23. what is the most common relationship between RA and EA?
  24. what is the location of the center of gravity in a standing individual?
    4cm anterior to S1
  25. what type of force is resisted by by the vertebral body?
  26. what forces are affected by pedicles?
    bending forces
  27. what type of force is resisted by the Z joints?
    sheer, compressing, tensile, torsional
  28. what forces are resisted by annulus fibrosis?
    shear, tensile, torsional
  29. What nerve innervates the outer third of the IVD?
  30. what motions are resisted in the cervical region?
    • rotation
    • lateral bending 
    • some flexion and extension
  31. what type of motion is resisted in the lumbar region?
    rotation and flexion
  32. what area of the spine has the highest and lowest disk to vertebral body height?
    • Highest = Cervical 
    • Lowest = Thoracic
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Qrt 2 PE Lecture Exam 1
2013-02-11 04:22:19

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