Organizational Behavior Midterm

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Organizational Behavior Midterm
2013-02-10 21:08:59
OB Exam

Ch.1 & Ch.3
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  1. What is Organizational Behavior (OB)?
    The systematic study and application of knowledge about how individuals and groups act within the organizations where they work
  2. What are the 3 levels of Analysis?
    • Organization: How organizations culture affects managers behavior
    • Group: How managers personality affects the team
    • Individual: The Managers personality itself
  3. What are the Learning Styles?
    • Visual: Pictures, Charts, Take notes
    • Auditory: Study groups, Records, written instructions
    • Kinesthetic: Schedule breaks, Takes notes even tho they get it, Avoids long lectures
  4. What is one of the Primary methods for collecting information in OB?
    Conducting Surveys
  5. Field Studies
    • -Have Experimental design
    • - Population is divided into a treatment & Control group
  6. Laboratory Studies
    • -Consist of Manipulation groups & Control Groups
    • -Determines Causal relationships
  7. Case Studies
    • -In depth description of a single company or industry
    • -Great deal of detail about the topic being studied, but difficult to generalize to other areas
  8. Meta-Analysis
    -Technique used to summarize what other researchers have found on a given topic
  9. What is the concept of a "Flattening World"?
    • -Increase in access to information
    • -Led to an increase in innovation,
    • -Knowledge can be shared across time zones and cultures.
  10. What are the elements of the "Triple Bottom Line"
    • Economic:Revenue,Accounting,Supply/Demand
    • Social:Humanitarian, Responsibility
    • Environmental:Reuse/Recycle, Going green
  11. What is a Shamrock Organization?
    - An equal number of regular employees, temporary employees, and consultants and contractors.
  12. What is a Person-Organization Fit
    Degree to which a person’s values, personality, goals, and characteristics match the organization
  13. What is a Person-Job Fit?
    Degree to which a person’s skill, knowledge, abilities, and characteristics match the job demands
  14. What are the Big 5 Personality traits?
    • Openness
    • Conscientiousness
    • Extaversion
    • Agreeableness
    • Neuroticism
  15. Define the personality trait: Openness
    Curious, original, intellectual, creative, and open to new ideas.
  16. Define the personality trait: Conscientiousness
    Organized, systematic, punctual, achievement-oriented, and dependable.
  17. Define the Personality Trait: Extraversion
    Outgoing, talkative, sociable, and enjoys being in social situations.
  18. Define the Personality Trait: Agreeableness
    Nice, tolerant, sensitive, trusting, kind, and warm.
  19. Define the Personality Trait: Neuroticism
    Anxious, irritable, aggressive, temperamental, and moody.
  20. What are the trait pairings in the "Meyers-Briggs Indicator"
    • -Extraversion/Introversion
    • -Sensing/Intuition
    • -Thinking/Feeling
    • -Judgment/Perception
  21. What is Perception?
    How individuals detect and interpret environmental stimuli.
  22. Managers and researchers who hold a contingency perspective of organizational behavior:
    Will be open to the idea that effective results can be achieved by different and apparently contradictory approaches to management.
  23. As discussed in class, Henry Mintzberg used a/n _____ method to identify ______

    • Observational;
    • The activities and behaviors of CEOs in their job.
  24. Astrological signs, as an indicator of personality, has been show to have:
    High reliability but low validity.
  25. Compared to observational and correlational methods, experimental methods
    Are better at revealing cause and effect relationships in the setting under investigation
  26. Other things being equal, individuals who are high in the personality dimension of conscientiousness are likely to perform _____ individuals who are low on this dimension, _____.

    • Better than;
    • On all types of jobs
  27. The personality trait of self-monitoring:
    Helps the individual adapt and behave flexibly according to the situation