Chapter 6 & 7

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Author:
kelleeeh
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19960
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Chapter 6 & 7
Updated:
2010-05-19 17:04:44
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Microbiology - A human perspective - Fermentation & DNA
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  1. What is fermentation?
    • Used by organisms that can't "breathe"
    • Partial oxydation of glucose
    • Uses very little ATP
    • Uses pyruvate instead of oxygen to create energy
  2. What are the by products of fermentation?
    • Lactic Acid
    • Ethanol (Alcohol)
    • Butyric Acid
    • Propionic Acid
    • 2, 3 Butanediol
    • Mixed Acids
  3. What is a genome?
    Complete set of genetic information
  4. What is a gene?
    Functional unit of a genome
  5. What is transcription?
    Copies information of DNA to RNA
  6. What is translation?
    Interpret RNA to synthesize protien
  7. What are the nitrogenous bases of RNA
    • Adenine (A)
    • Thymine (T)
    • Guauine (G)
    • Uracil (U)
  8. What are the nitrogenous bases of DNA?
    • Adenine (A)
    • Thymine (T)
    • Guauine (G)
    • Cytosine (C)
  9. What is RNA made of?
    Nucleotides
  10. What is transcription?
    Synthesis of mRNA from DNA template
  11. What is the process of translation of DNA?
    • Who - DNA
    • What - Form Protien
    • Where - Ribosomes
    • How - RNA transcript
  12. How is the RNA transcript read?
    In Codons
  13. What is nonsense?
    A Stop
  14. What is missense?
    Mutation

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