AP psych chapter 10

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AP psych chapter 10
2013-02-20 12:11:03

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  1. The branch of psychology that studies the
    physical, cognitive, and social changes that occur throughout the life cycle
    developmental psychology 
  2. Developmental changes that occur as a result of
    automatic, genetically determined signals
  3. A stage or point in developmental during which a
    person or animal is best suited to learn a particular skill or behavior
    critical period
  4. An automatic, unlearned response to a sensory stimulus
  5. In humans, the stage of life from birth to age two
  6. The stage of life that follows infancy and spans
    the period from the second birthday to the beginning of adolescence 
  7. An active and intense emotional relationship
    between two people that endures over time
  8. The fear of strangers that infants commonly
    stranger anxiety 
  9. Distress that is sometimes experienced by
    infants when they are separated from their primary caregivers 
    separation anxiety 
  10. The satisfaction obtained from pleasant, soft stimulation 
    contact comfort 
  11. The process by which animals form strong attachments during a critical period very early in life
  12. A leadership or parenting style based on
    recognized authority or knowledge and characterized by mutual respect 
  13. A leadership or parenting style that stresses
    unquestioning obedience
  14. The value or worth that people attach to
  15. a consistent expression of esteem for the basic value of a person
    unconditional positive regard
  16. an expression of esteem given only when an individual has exhibited suitable behavior 
    conditional positive regard
  17. the process by which new information is placed into pre-existing categories 
  18. the process of adjusting existing ways of thinking to encompass new information, ideas, or objects
  19. according to Piaget, the stage during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities 
    sensorimotor stage
  20. the awareness that people and objects continue to exist even when they cannot be perceived 
    object permanence
  21. in Piaget's theory, the stage during which a child learns to use language but does not yet think logically 
    pre-operational stage
  22. according to Piaget, the principle that the properties of substances remain the same despite changes in their shape or arrangement 
  23. in Piaget's theory, the inability of the pre-operational child to understand another's point of views 
  24. according to Piaget, the stage of cognitive development during which children acquire the ability to think logically 
    concrete-operational stage
  25. according to Piaget, the stage of cognitive development during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts 
    formal-operational stage
  26. according to Kohlberg, a level of moral development in which moral judgments are based on fear of punishment or desire for pleasure
    preconventional moral reasoning
  27. the level of moral development at which a person makes judgments based on conventional standards of right and wrong 
    conventional moral reasoning
  28. according to Kohlberg, a level of moral development during which moral judgments are derived from a person's own moral standards 
    post conventional moral reasoning