Dental Terminology

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Sandrina
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199800
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Dental Terminology
Updated:
2013-02-11 16:59:15
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Dental
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  1. -algia
  2. means pain and suffering
  3. -itis
  4. means inflammation
  5. -necrosis
  6. means tissue death
  7. -centesis
  8. means the surgical puncture or aspiration of fluid for diagnostic purposes or to remove excess fluid.
  9. -ectomy
  10. means surgical removal
  11. -graphy
  12. means the process of recording a picture or record
  13. -plasty
  14. means surgical repair
  15. -scopy
  16. means visual examination
  17. Submandibular
  18. (sub-MAN-dih-bul-are) means pertaining to the space underneath or below the lower jaw. (sub- means under or below -mandibul- means the lower jaw and -ar means pertaining to).
  19. Supramandibular (sue-pah-rah-MAN-dih-bul-are)
  20.  means pertaining to the space above the lower jaw (supra- means above or beyond -mandibul- means lower jaw and -ar means pertaining to).
  21. AB-
    Away from

    • Abnormal
    • Away from normal,
    • not normal
  22. BI-
    two, both

    • Bilateral
    • Both sides, right & left
  23. DIS-
    apart, away from

    • Dissect
    • Cut apart
  24. HEMI-
    Half

    • Hemisection
    • Separate half of a section, quadrant or root
  25. INTER-
    Between

    • Interproximal
    • Between the adjoining surfaces
  26. MICRO-
    Small

    • Microscope
    • Instrument used to enlarge small objects
  27. PRE-
    Before

    Premedication The use of medications prior to dental treatment
  28. TRI-
    Three

    • Tricuspid
    • Third cuspid
  29. UNI-
    One

    • Unilateral
    • Affecting only one side
  30. ORTH/O
    Straight, normal

    • Orthodontist
    • Diagnosis’ and treats abnormalities of teeth position
  31. OR/O
    MAXILL/O
    FACI /O
    • Mouth
    • Jaw

    • Oral Maxillofacial Surgeon
    • Treats diseases of the mouth, jaw, and face
  32. PED/O
    Child

    • Pedodontist
    • Diagnosing, treating and preventing disorders in children’s teeth and mouth
  33. PROSTH/O
    Addition, restoration

    • Prosthodontist
    • Restoration of natural teeth or replacement of missing teeth with artificial substitutes.
  34. ANESTHET / O
    Sensation, sense of perception
  35. ALIGN / O
    Bring into line or correct position
  36. ALVEOL / O
    Alveolus, air sac, small sac
  37. ANKYL / O
    Crooked, bent, stiff
  38. APLAST / O
    Lack of development, defective development
  39. ARC / O
    Bow, arc or arch
  40. ARTHR / O
    Joint
  41. BACTERI / O
    Bacteria
  42. BIFURCAT / O
    Divide or fork into two branches
  43. BRUX / O
    Grind
  44. BUCC / O
    Cheek
  45. CALC / O
    Calcium
  46. CARCIN / O
    Cancerous
  47. CEMENT / O
    Cementum, a rough stone
  48. CHONDR / O
    Cartilage
  49. CIATRIC / O
    Scar
  50. CRANI / O
    Skull
  51. CUTANE / O
    Skin
  52. DEGLUTIT / O
    Swallow
  53. DENT / O
    Tooth, teeth
  54. DIPS / O
    Thirst
  55. DISLOCAT / O
    Displacement
  56. DISSECT / O
    Cutting apart
  57. EPIGLOTT / O
    Epiglottis
  58. ESOPHAG / O
    Esophagus
  59. ETI / O
    Cause
  60. EVACU / O
    Empty out
  61. EXCIS / O
    Cut out
  62. EXHAL / O
    Breathe out
  63. FACI / O
    Face, form
  64. FIBROS / O
    Fibrous connective tissue
  65. FREN / O
    Limited movement
  66. FRACT / O
    Break, broken
  67. FRONT / O
    Forehead, brow
  68. GINGIV / O
    Gingival tissue, gums
  69. GLOSS / O
    Tongue
  70. GLOTT / O
    Back of the tongue
  71. GNATH / O
    Jaw
  72. HALIT / O
    Breath
  73. HIAT / O
    Opening
  74. HIDR / O
    Sweat
  75. HIST / O
    Tissue
  76. IMPACT / O
    Pushed against, wedged against, packed
  77. INFECT / O
    Infected, tainted
  78. KEL / O
    Growth, tumor
  79. LABI / O
    Lip
  80. LARYNG / O
    Larynx, throat
  81. LEUK / O
    White
  82. LINGU / O
    Lingual, tongue
  83. MASTIC / O
    Chew
  84. MAXILL / O
    Maxilla, upper jaw
  85. MELAN / O
    Black, dark
  86. MEMBRAN / O
    Membrane, skin tag
  87. MENISC / O
    Meniscus, crescent
  88. MESI / O
    Middle, median plan
  89. MUC /O
    Mucus
  90. MUSCUL / O
    Muscle
  91. MUT / O
    Unable to speak, inarticulate
  92. MYX / O
    Mucus
  93. NARC / O
    Numbness
  94. NAS / O
    Nose
  95. NECR / O
    Death
  96. NERV / O
    Nerve
  97. NODUL / O
    Nodule, little knot
  98. OCCLUS / O
    Shut, close up
  99. ODONT / O
    Tooth
  100. OLFACT / O
    Smell, sense of smell
  101. ONC / O
    Tumor
  102. OR / O
    Mouth, oral cavity
  103. ORTH / O
    Straight, normal, correct
  104. OSTE / O
    Bone
  105. OSM / O
    Pushing, thrusting
  106. PALAT / O
    Palate, roof of mouth
  107. PHARYNG / O
    Throat, pharynx
  108. PHLEGM / O
    Thick mucus
  109. PLAC / O
    Flat plate or patch
  110. PLAK / O
    Plaque
  111. PLAS / O
    Development, growth formation
  112. POSTER / O
    Behind, toward the back
  113. PROSTH / O
    Addition
  114. PUR / O
    Pus
  115. PY / O
    Pus
  116. QUADR / O
    Four
  117. RADI / O
    X-rays, radiation
  118. RADICUL / O
    Nerve root
  119. RHIN / O
    Nose
  120. SALIV / O
    Saliva
  121. SIAL / O
    Saliva
  122. SIALADEN / O
    Salivary gland
  123. SINUS / O
    Sinus
  124. SPUT / O
    Spit
  125. TEMPOR / O
    Temporal bone, temple
  126. ULCER / O
    Sore, Ulcer
  127. ZYGOMAT / O
    Cheek bone

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