Chapter 11, 12, 16, 17

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Ankoku-Bara
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199836
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Chapter 11, 12, 16, 17
Updated:
2013-02-13 18:45:53
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CNA Chapter 11 12 16 17
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Description:
Practicing for test number 4, which includes chapter 11, 12, 16, and 17
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  1. Atrophy
    Shrink
  2. Geriatrics
    The care of aging people
  3. Gerontology
    The study of the aging process
  4. CCRC
    Continuing care retirement community
  5. OBRA
    Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987
  6. People age 85 and older are
    A. The young-old
    B. The oldest-old
    C. Elderly
    D. Old
    B. The oldest-old
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The study of the aging process is called
    A. Geriatrics
    B. Dysphagia
    C. Gerontology
    D. Financial Security
    C. Gerontology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Retirement usually means
    A. Financial Security
    B. Less free time
    C. Lowered income
    D. Changes from aging
    C. Lowered income
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which does not cause loneliness in older peerson?
    A. Children moving away
    B. The death of family and friends
    C. Problems communicating with others
    D. Contact with other older person
    D. Contact with other older person
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Older person living with their children of then feel
    A. Useless
    B. Independent
    C. Wanted and a part of things
    D. Dignified
    A. Useless
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. These staments are about a pertner's death. Which is false?
    A. Preparing for the event lessens grief.
    B. The survivor's life will likely change.
    C. The person loses a lover, friends, and companion.
    D. the survivor may devlop health problems.
    A. Preparing for the event lessens grief.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Skin changes occur with aging. Care should include the following except
    A. A dialy bath with soap
    B. Providing for warmth
    C. Applying lotion
    D. Providing good skin care
    A. A daily bath with soap
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. An older person complain of cold feet. You should
    A. Apply a heating pad
    B. Soak the feet in hot water
    C. Provide socks
    D. Apply a hot water bottle
    C. Provide socks
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Againg causes changes in the musculo- skeletal system. Which is false?
    A. Bedrest is needed for loss of strength.
    B. Bones become brittle. Tehy can break easily.
    C. Exercise slow musculo-skeletal changes.
    D. Joints become stiff and painful
    A. Bedrest is needed for loss of strength.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Changes occur in the nervous system. Which is true?
    A. Less sleep is needed than when younger.
    B. Joints become stiff and painful.
    C. The person forgets events from long ago.
    D. Exercise slows musculo-skeletal changes.
    A. Less sleep isneeded than when younger.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Changes occur in they eye. Which is false?
    A. The ye is easily irritated by dust.
    B. Blue and green colors are easy to see.
    C. Night vision decreases.
    D. Eyelids thin and wrinkle.
    B. Blue and green colors are easy to see.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which is not a coomon cause of hearing loss in older persons?
    A. Atrophy of the eardrums
    B. Changes in the acoustic
    C. Impacted earwax
    D. Ear infection
    D. Ear infection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Arteries narrow and lose their elasticity. These changes result in
    A. A slower heart rate
    B. Poor circulation to many body parts
    C. Lower blood pressure
    D. Less blood in the body.
    B. Poor circulation to many body parts.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. An older person has cardiovascular changes. Care includes the following except
    A. Long walks
    B. Avoiding exertion
    C. Plalcing needed itmes nearby
    D. A moderate amount of daily exercise
    A. Long walks
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Respiratory changes occur with aging. Which is false?
    A. The person should be active as possible.
    B. The person is turned often if on bedrest.
    C. The side-lying position is best for breathing.
    D. Heavy bed linens are avoided.
    C. The side-lying position is best for breathing.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Older persons should avoid dry foods because of
    A. Decreased peristalsis
    B. Loss of teeth or ill-fitting dentures
    C. Decreased amounts of digestive juices
    D. Decreases in saliva
    D. Decreases in saliva
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Changes occur in the digestive system. Older persons should eat
    A. Raw apricots and celery
    B. Protein foods
    C. Fruits and vegetables with skins and seeds
    D. Dry and fatty foods
    B. Protein foods
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Changes occcur in the urinary system. Which is true?
    A. The bladder becomes larger
    B. Blood flow to the kidneys increases
    C. Fluids are needed for kidney function
    D. Kidneys increase in size
    C. Fluids are needed for kidney function
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The doctor orders increased fluid intake for an older person. You should
    A. Provide mostly water
    B. Insert a catheter
    C. Give most of the fluid before 1700 (5:00 PM)
    D. Start a bladder training program
    C. Give most of the fluid before 1700 (5:00 PM)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Most older people live
    A. With childeren
    B. in nursing centers
    C. In senior citizen housing
    D. In a family setting
    D. In a family setting
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. These statments are about adult day-care centers which is false?
    A. All activities are supervised
    B. Usually the person must do some self-care
    C. Personal care is provided
    D. They provide meals, supervision, and activities
    C. Personal care is provided
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which housing option provides lodging, meals, and some help with personal care?
    A. Apartments
    B. Residential hotels
    C. Board and care homes
    D. Senior citizen housing
    C. Board and care homes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. A continuing care retirement community provides the following except
    A. meals, transportation, and recreational activities
    B. Adult foster care
    C. Independent living units
    D. A nursing center
    B. Adult foster care
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. A quality nursing center
    A. Has independent living units
    B. Is owned by doctors and nurses
    C. is Medicare and Medicaid certified
    D. Provides adult and child day care
    C. Is Medicare and Medicaid certified
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Coma
    A state of being unaware of one’s setting and being unable to react or respond to people, places, or things
  31. Dementia
    The loss of cognitive and social function caused by changes in the brain
  32. Disaster
    A sudden catastrophic event in which people are injured and killed and property is destroyed.
  33. Electrical shock
    When electrical current passes through the body
  34. Ground
    That which carries leaking electricity to the earth and away from an electrical item
  35. Hazard
    Any thing in the person’s setting that may cause injury or illness
  36. Hazardous substance
    Any chemical in the workplace that can cause harm
  37. Hemiplegia
    Paralysis (plegia) on one side (hemi) of the body
  38. Incident
    Any event that has harmed or could harm a patient, resident, visitor, or staff member.
  39. Paralysis
    Loss of muscle function, sensation, or both.
  40. Paraplegia
    Paralysis in the legs and lower trunk (para means beyond; plegia means paralysis)
  41. Suffocation
    When breathing stops from the lack of oxygen
  42. Tetraplegia
    AKA Quadriplegia (tetra means four; plegia means paralysis)
  43. Workplace violence
    Violent acts (including assault and threat of assault) directed toward person at work or while on duty.
  44. Poison
    Any substance harmful to the body when ingested, inhaled, injected, or absorbed through the skin
  45. Quadriplegia
    Paralysis in the arms, legs, and trunk (quad means four; plegia means paralysis); tetraplegia.
  46. AED
    Automated external defibrillator
  47. C
    Centigrade
  48. CDC
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  49. CO
    Carbon monoxide
  50. CPR
    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  51. EMS
    Emergency Medical Services
  52. F
    Fahrenheit
  53. FBAO
    Foreign-body airway obstruction
  54. ID
    Identification
  55. MSDS
    Material safety data sheet
  56. OSHA
    Occupational Safety and Health
  57. PASS
    Pull the safety pin, aim low, squeeze the lever, sweep back and forth
  58. RACE
    Rescue, alarm, confine, extinguish
  59. RRT
    Rapid Response Team
  60. Who provides a safe setting for the person?
    A. The family
    B. The risk manager
    C. The helath team
    D. The administrator
    C. The helath team
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. Which of the following is safe?
    A. Oriented to person, time, and place
    B. Hearing problems
    C. Memory problems
    D. needing eyeglasses
    A. Oriented to person, time, and place
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. A person in a coma
    A. has suffered an electrical shock
    B. Has dementia
    C. Is unaware of surroundings
    D. Has stopped breathing
    C. Is unaware of surroundings
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. A person with dementia
    A. Is not aware of his or her surrounding
    B. Has suffered and electrical shock
    C. Cannot think and reason
    D. Is paralyzed
    C. Cannot think and reason
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. A person with demntia
    A. Knows what is safe
    B. Knows when to move ways from danger
    C. Is at high risk for accidents and injuries
    D. is agitated and aggressive
    C. Is at high risk for accidents and injuries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. You are caring for infants. Which is not safe?
    A. Checking them in cribs often
    B. Laying them on their backs to sleep
    C. Propping a baby bottle on a rolled towel
    D. Keeping plastic bags away from them
    C. Propping a baby bottle on a rolled towel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which is a safe for children?
    A. Clothes with drawstrings
    B. Dangling items from backpacks
    C. Necklaces
    D. Bicycle helmets
    D. Bicycle helmets
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Which is a safety hazard for children?
    A. A crib away from the window
    B. An open diaper pail
    C. Empty bucket
    D. Toilet with the lid down
    B. An open diaper pail
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. A person with quadriplegia is paralyzed
    A. From the neck down
    B. On the left side of the  body.
    C. From the waist down
    D. On the right side of the body
    A. From the neck down
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. To identify a person, you
    A. Ask both roommates their names
    B. Ask the person hir or her name
    C. call the person by name
    D. Compare information on the ID bracelet agains you assignment sheet
    D. Compare information on the ID bracelet agains you assignment sheet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. Which does not cause burns?
    A. Very hot bath water
    B. Smoking
    C. Spilled hot liquids
    D. Oxygen
    D. Oxygen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. Which does not prevent poisoning?
    A. Keeping harmful products in low storage areas
    B. Keeping child-resistant caps on harmful products
    C. storing harmful products away from food
    D. Making sure all harmful products have labels
    A. Keeping harmful products in low storage areas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. Which signals a poison?
    A. RACE
    B. The MSDS
    C. PASS
    D. The "Mr. Yuk" sticker
    D. The "Mr. Yuk" sticker
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Who has the greatest risk of lead poisoning?
    A. Children between the ages of 6 months and 6 years
    B. Older persons
    C. Infants between the ages of 1 and 6 months
    D. Newborns
    A. Children between the ages of 6 months and 6 years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. A home has lead-based plumbing. You should
    A. Let cold water run for 1 to 2 minutes before using it for cooking or drinking
    B. Use hot tap water for cooking and drinking
    C. Be alert for signs and symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning
    D. Use hot tap water to make baby formula
    A. Let cold water run for 1 to 2 minutes before using it for cooking or drinking
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. Which can cause suffocation?
    A. Reporting loose teeth or dentures
    B. Cutting food int small, bite-size pieces
    C. Using electrical items that are in good repair
    D. Restraints
    D. Restraints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. The most common cause of choking in adults is
    A. Meat
    B. Marbles
    C. A loose denture
    D. Candy
    A. Meat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. If severe airway obstruction occurs, the person usually
    A. Is calm
    B. Can speak, cough, and breathe
    C. Clutches at the throat
    D. Has a seizure
    C. Clutches at the throat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. These statments are about relieving FBAO. Which is false?
    A. Abdominal thrusts can be self-administered.
    B. CPR is started if the responsive victim loses consciousness.
    C. Injuries can occur form abdominal or chest thrusts
    D. A person is pregnat. Give abdominal thrusts
    D. A person is pregnat. Give abdominal thrusts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. You need to shave a new resident. Before using the person's electric shaver
    A. You need to check for a frayed cord
    B. The maintenenace staff must do a safety check
    C. You need an electrical outlet
    D. You need to inspect it
    B. The maintenenace staff must do a safety check
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. You are using equipment. Which measure is not safe?
    A. Turning off electrical items after using them.
    B. Keeping electrical items away from water and spills
    C. Following the manufacturer's instructions
    D. Pulling on the cord to reove a plug from an outlet
    D. Pulling on the cord to reove a plug from an outlet
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. A person uses a wheelchair. Which measure is not safe?
    A. The wheels are locked for transfers
    B. The feet are positioned on the foodplates
    C. The chair is pulled backward to transport the person
    D. The casters point forward
    C. The chair is pulled backward to transport the person
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. Stretcher safety involves the following except
    A. Moving the stretcher head first
    B. Fastening the safety straps
    C. Raising the side rails
    D. Locking the wheels for transfers
    A. Moving the stretcher head first
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. You spilled a hazardous substance. You should do the following except
    A. Read the material safety data sheet
    B. Complete an incidient report
    C. Wear personal protective equipment to clean up the spill
    D. Cover the spill and go tell the nurse
    D. Cover the spill and go tell the nurse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. The fire alarm sounds. The following is done except
    A. Turning off oxygen
    B. Using elevators
    C. Moving residents to a safe place
    D. Closing doors and windows
    B. Using elevators
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. Your clothing is on fire. You should do the following except
    A. Cover your face
    B. Run to get help
    C. Drop to the floor or ground
    D. Roll to smother the flames
    B. Run to get help
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. You work in a nursing center. What should do for a severe weahter alert?
    A. Follow the center's disaster plan
    B. Make sure you family is safe
    C. Pull the fire alarm
    D. Take cover
    A. Follow the center's disaster plan
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. A person is agitated and aggressive. Which is not safe?
    A. Standing away from the person
    B. Talking to the person without raising your voice
    C. Using touch to show you care
    D. Standing close to the door
    C. Using touch to show you care
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. A person has a yellow wristband. This means that the person
    A. Has an acute illness
    B. Is at risk for falling
    C. Is at risk for bleeding
    D. Has an allergy
    B. Is at risk for falling
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. You work the night shift. Which is not safe?
    A. Checking under the car and in your back seat
    B. Locking your car
    C. Finding your keys after getting into the car
    D. Parking in a well-lit are
    C. Finding your keys after getting into the car
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. A resident brough a radio from home. Which helps prevent property loss?
    A. Using a wheelchair pouch for the item
    B. Completing a personal belongings list
    C. Putting the item in a safe
    D. Labeling the item with the person's name
    D. Labeling the item with the person's name
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. Yiou gave aperson the wrong treatment. Which is true?
    A. You are guilty of negligence
    B. You must complete an incident report
    C. Take action only if the person was injured
    D. Report the error at the ende of the shift
    B. You must complete an incident report
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. MSD
    Musculo-skeletal disorder
  93. Base support
    The area on which an object rests
  94. Body alignment
    The way the head, trunk, arms, and legs are aligned with one another; AKA posture
  95. Body mechanics
    Using the body in an efficient and careful way
  96. Dorsal recumbent position
    The back-lying or supine position
  97. Ergonomics
    The science of designing a job to fit the worker
  98. Fowler’s position
    A semi- sitting position; the head of the bed is raised between 45 and 60 degrees
  99. Lateral Position
    The person lies on one side or the other; AKA side lying position
  100. Prone position
    Lying on the abdomen with the head turned to one side
  101. Sims’ position
    A left side-lying position in which the upper leg (right leg) sharply flexed so it is not on the lower leg (left leg) and the lower arm (left arm) is behind the person; AKA semi-prone side position
  102. Supine position
    The back-lying or dorsal recumbent position
  103. Good body mechanics involve the following except
    A. Using the strongest and largest muscles
    B. Having the job fit the workder
    C. Balance
    D. Good posture
    B. Having the job fit the workder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  104. Good alignment means
    A. Having the head, trunk, arms, and legs aligned with one another
    B. The back-lying or supine position
    C. Using muscles, tendons, ligaments, and joints correctly
    D. The are of which an object rests
    A. Having the head, trunk, arms, and legs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  105. These actions are about body mechanics. Which action is not correct?
    A. Push, pull, or slide heavy objects
    B. Face the direction you are working to prevent twisting.
    C. Hold objects away from you body when lifting, moving, or carrying them.
    D. Use both hands and arms to lift, move, or carry heavy objects.
    C. Hold objects away from you body when lifting, moving, or carrying them.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  106. Whic action is easier?
    A. Sliding
    B. Pulling
    C. Lifting
    D. Pushing
    D. Pushing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  107. The purpose of ergonimics is to
    A. Use good body mechanics
    B. Reduce stress on the worker's body
    C. Promote quality of life
    D. Safely position a person
    B. Reduce stress on the worker's body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  108. Risk factors for MSDs include the following except
    A. Awkward postures
    B. Repeating action
    C. Bending your hips and knees
    D. Force
    C. Bending your hips and knees
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  109. Patients and resident are re-position at leas every
    A. 3 hours
    B. 15 minutes
    C. 30 minutes
    D. 2 hours
    D. 2 hours
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  110. The back-lying position is called
    A. Fowler's position
    B. Sims position
    C. The prone position
    D. The supine position
    D. The supine position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. Breathing is usually easier in
    A. Fowler's position
    B. Sims' position
    C. The supine position
    D. The lateral position
    A. Fowler's position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  112. For Fowler's position
    A. The head of the bed is raised 45 to 60 degrees
    B. The person's head is turned toward on side
    C. The bed is flat
    D. The person's feet hang over the edge of the mattress.
    A. The head of the bed is raised 45 to 60 degrees
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  113. A pillow is placed against the peron's backin
    A. The prone position
    B. The lateral position
    C. Sims' position
    D. Fowler's position
    B. The lateral position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  114. When in a chair, the person's feet
    A. Dangle
    B. Must  be flat on the floor
    C. Are positioned on foot plates
    D. Are positioned on pillows
    B. Must  be flat on the floor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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