AP Gov. Court Cases

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  1. Griswold v. Connecticut
    A Right to Privacy

    Prohibited the use of contraceptives

    Violated The right to martial privacy
  2. Chisholm v. Georgia
    Federal Courts have jurisdiction to decide cases between a State and citizens of another State

    States not immune to law suit

    Superseded by 11th Amendment
  3. Marbury v. Madison
    Established principle of Judicial review

    Made Supreme Court an equal partner in the governing process with Congress and President
  4. Trustees of Dartmouth v. Woodward
    Strengthens Contract Clause 

    Contracts are binding and States may not interfere
  5. McCulloch v. Maryland
    Constitution grants Congress implied powers for implementing Constitution's powers

    Federal Supremacy: States can't tax federal institutions

    Powers to tax is power to destroy
  6. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
    Indians are not really separate contries

    John Marshall: ward to its guardian
  7. Worcester v. Georgia
    Georgia's laws have no effect on the Cherokee nation because they are a distinct community

    • Indians are semi-autonomous and can stay on land
  8. Gibbons v. Ogden
    Power to regulate interstate commerce granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause

    Federal Government only regulates interstate commerce
  9. Dred Scott v. Stanford
    Upheld Property right over human rights an made the Missouri Compromise line of 1820 unconstitutional
  10. Reynolds v. United States
    • Freedom of religion means to hold an opinion or belief, not to take subversive action to good order.
    • (Mormons can't have multiple wives.)
  11. Plessy v. Ferguson
    Established concept of separate but equal facilities
  12. Schenck v. United States
    Court limited free speech in time of war

    1st amendment guarantees were not absolute

    "clear and Present danger"
  13. Olmstead v. United States
    Court ruled that wiretaps were legal.
  14. Norris v. Alabama 
    Blacks were eluded from the jury pool because of their race

    Scottsboro boys
  15. West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette
    A compulsory flag salute violated the 1st Amendment
  16. Korematsu v. United States
    The need to protect against espionage outweighed Korematsu's individual rights
  17. Brown v. Board of Education
    Ended the segregation of public schools
  18. Mapp v. Ohio
    Evidence obtained in violation of the fourth amendment, which protests against unreasonable searches and seizures may not be used in any court
  19. Engel v. Vitale
    Court founded school prayer violated Establishment Clause of the first constitution, and should be barred from schools
  20. Baker v. Carr
    Federal government can oversee redistricting for equal representation
  21. Gideon v. Wainwright
    A lawyer must be provided to those charged with a felony even if they can't pay
  22. School District of Abington township v. Schempp
    Forbade schools from participating in all religious activity
  23. New York Times v. Sullivan
    Established the actual malice standard which has to be met before press reports about those in the public eye can be considered to be defamation and libel
  24. Heart of Atlanta Motel Inc v. United States 
    The power to Congress to promote interstate commerce

    Also includes the power to regulate local activities that may have a harmful effect on the commerce
  25. Miranda v. Arizona
    Accused individuals have the right to remain silent and must be informed of their rights
  26. Katz v. United States
    Overturned Olmstead and authorities must have a warrant to search for phones
  27. Lemon v. Kurtsman
    The Government's action must have a legislative purpose

    The government's action must not have an effect on an advancing of inhibiting religion

    The government's action must not result in excessive government entanglement with religion
  28. Tinker v. Des Moines
    Students do not abandon civil liberties at the school house gate
  29. Brandonburg v. Ohio
    Government cannot punish inflammatory speech unless it is directed to inciting or likely to incite lawless actions
  30. New York Times Co v. United States
    Made it possible to publish the classified Pentagon Papers without risk of government censure
  31. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
    Busing was a appropriate remedy for the problem of racial imbalance among schools
  32. Roe v. Wade
    Upheld the right to terminate pregnancy within the first 90 days
  33. New Jersey v. T.L.O.
    Created a Reasonable Suspicion rule for school searches and eased restrictions to which searches by public authorities are ordinarily subject
  34. Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier
    A school newspaper is primarily a tool used for learning, not for expression of free speech of ideas
  35. Thompson v. Oklahoma
    Prohibited the death penalty for a person who as under the age 16 at the time of the crime
  36. Roper v. Simmons
    Forbade the execution of the who were under 18 at the time of the crime commited
  37. Webster v. Reproductive Health services
    Imposed restrictions on the use of state funds, facilities, and employees in performing or assisting with abortions
  38. Texas v. Johnson
    The court ruled Texas law unconstitutional that prohibited the desecration of Texas and United States flags
  39. Cruzan v. Missouri
    The Court upheld the authority of states to demand clear and convincing evidence of an injured person's wish to die
  40. Kelo v. City of New London
    Cities can seize private land then turn property over to private developers for economic development
  41. Citizens United v. Federal Election Commision
    Gives the special interests and their lobbyists even more power in Washington while undermining the influence of average Americans   
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AP Gov. Court Cases
2013-02-12 00:33:20
AP Government

Quiz help for Supreme Court Cases
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