quiz on Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Nemertea, and Annelida

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angeleenie70
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199844
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quiz on Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Nemertea, and Annelida
Updated:
2013-02-11 19:43:09
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5th grade science
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first animalia quiz
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  1. What are Platyhelminthes?
    flat and wide worms
  2. The outer layer of a flatworm
    Ectoderm
  3. The middle layer of a flatworm
    Mesoderm
  4. the inner layer of a flatworm
    endoderm
  5. the most common flatworms
    planarian
  6. a parasitic type of flatworm
    tapeworm
  7. must have a host organism in order to live, they feed on and usually harm the host
    parasite
  8. the ability to regrow lost or damaged parts
    regererate
  9. organism on which a parasite lives
    host
  10. thread-like roundworms
    Nematoda
  11. the waxy covering that protects roundworms
    cuticle
  12. ribbon worms; long, thin, mostly marine worms
    Nemertea
  13. ringed, segmented worms
    Annelida
  14. What are the simplest worms?
    worms in the Phylum Platyhelminthes (flatworms)
  15. What do parasites require in order to live?
    a host organism
  16. What kind of planarians don't depend on other organisms for survival?
    free living ones
  17. the Phylum Platyhelminthes (Flatworms) includes what three groups of worms?
    Planarians, tapeworms, and flukes
  18. Most round worms are __________ but some are ___________.
    • free living
    • parasites
  19. What are the four types of organs of a roundworm?
    • muscle
    • nerve
    • excretory
    • reproductive
  20. What are the 3 kinds of roundworms?
    • hookworms
    • heartworms
    • trichina worms
  21. What kind of roundworms are commonly found in dogs?
    Heartworms
  22. How are heartworms transmitted to dogs?
    mosquitoes
  23. What kind of roundworms are commonly found in pork?  What disease can you get from this roundworm?
    • Trichina worms
    • Trichinosis
  24. How can you keep from getting hookworms?
    wear shoes outside
  25. What are the most complex kinds of worms?
    segmented worms
  26. What is the best known segmented worm?
    earthworm
  27. What kind of worm is the most advanced worm?
    earthworm
  28. What are 4 types of segmented worms?
    • earthworms
    • leeches
    • bristle worms
    • marine worms
  29. What kind of circulatory system do earthworms have?
    closed
  30. what is a closed circulatory system?
    consists of blood vessels that carry blood
  31. How do earthworms breathe since they don't have a respiratory system?
    they breathe through their skin
  32. Where are planarians found?
    fresh water and moist places
  33. Where are tapeworms found?
    in the intestines of animals and people
  34. Where are flukes found?
    in animals and people
  35. Where are nematoda found?
    in all types of water and soil
  36. Where are Nemertea found?
    • mostly in salt water
    • some in fresh water and soil
  37. Where are Annelida found?
    water and soil
  38. What is the body design design of Platyhelminthes?
    one body opening for food in and wast out
  39. What is the body design of Nematoda?
    • mouth for getting food and an anus for waste
    • simple organs and systems
  40. What is the body design of Nemertea?
    gut with mouth and anus; no body cavity
  41. What is the body design of Annelida?
    • Segmented with a liquid-filled body cavity
    • they have setae or bristle-like structures on the outside of the body
  42. True or false:  All Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Nemertea, and Annelida have bilateral symmetry
    True
  43. How do Platyhelminthes move?
    use tiny hairs called cilia that move in a mucus track
  44. How do Nematoda move?
    gets into the host's body through contaminated food and water (parasite)
  45. How do Nemertea move?
    Swim in water or burrow in soil
  46. How do Annelida move?
    through water or burrow into the soil using setae
  47. What type of reproductive system does Platyhelmintes have?
    asexual
  48. What type of reproductive system does Nematoda and Nemertea have?
    sexual
  49. What type of reproductive system does Annelida have?
    sexual and asexual
  50. What does Platyhelminthes eat?
    small organisms and the dead bodies of larger organisms
  51. What do Nematoda eat?
    host's food
  52. What do Nemertea eat?
    small organisms
  53. What do Annelida eat?
    • small invertebrates
    • leeches eat blood

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