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ABCD's of nutritional assessment
- A=anthropometric (measurement of body)
- B=biochemical data (
- C=clinical evaluation
- D=diagnostic tests
optimal nutritional status
achieved when sufficient nutrients are consumed to support day to day body needs and any increased metabolic demands due to growth, pregnancy, or illness.
when nutritional reserves are depleted and/or when nutrient intake is inadequate to meet day to day needs or added metabolic demands.
caused by consumption of nutrients especially calories, sodium, and fat in excess of body needs.
tendency to view individuals of common cultural backgrounds similarly and according to a preconceived notion of how they ought to behave
info is collected on how many times a day, week, or month that someone eats particular foods, providing an estimate of usual intake.
ideal body weight
current weight divided by ideal weight times 100
usual body weight
current weight divided by usual weight times 100
recent weight change
usual weight minus current weight divided by usual weight times 100
weight in kilograms divided by height in meters^2 or weight in pounds divided by height in inches^2 times 703
glucose for young children, children, adults
- -less than 100
measurement of visceral protein status
iron transport protein