304 ch5 copy.txt

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tuchiyama10
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304 ch5 copy.txt
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  1. Personality
    Enduring characteristics that describe an individual’s behavior
  2. Heredity
    Factors determined at conceptions; one’s biological, physiological, and inherent psychological makeup
  3. Personality traits
    Enduring characteristics that describe an individual’s behavior
  4. Myers-Briggs type indicator (MBTI)
    A personality test that taps four characteristics and classifies people into 1 of 16 personality types
  5. Big Five Model
    A personality assessment model that taps five basic dimensions
  6. Extraversion
    A personality dimension describing someone who is sociable, gregarious, and assertive
  7. Agreeableness
    A personality dimension that describes someone who is good-natured, cooperative, and trusting
  8. Conscientiousness
    A personality dimension that describes someone who is responsible, dependable, persistent, and organized
  9. Emotional stability
    A personality dimension that characterizes someone as calm, self-confident, secure (positive) versus nervous, depressed and insecure (negative)
  10. Openness to experience
    A personality dimension that characterizes someone in terms of imagination, sensitivity, and curiosity
  11. Core self-evaluation
    Bottom-line conclusions individuals have about their capabilities, competence, and worth as a person
  12. Machiavellianism
    The degree to which an individual is pragmatic, maintains emotional distance, and believes that ends can justify means
  13. Narcissism
    The tendency to be arrogant, have a grandiose sense of self-importance, require excessive admiration, and have a sense of entitlement
  14. Self-monitoring
    A personality trait that measures and individual’s ability to adjust his or her behavior to external, situational factors
  15. Proactive personality
    People who identify opportunities, show initiative, take action, and persevere until meaningful change occurs
  16. Values
    Basic convictions that a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end-state of existence
  17. Value system
    A hierarchy based on a ranking of an individual’s values in terms of their intensity
  18. Terminal values
    Desirable end-states of existence; the goals a personal would like to achieve during his or her lifetime
  19. Instrumental values
    Preferable modes of behavior or means of achieving one’s terminal values
  20. Personality-job fit theory
    A theory that identifies six personality types and proposes that the fit between personality type and occupational environment determines satisfaction and turnover
  21. Power distance
    A national culture attribute that describes the extent to which a society accepts that power in institutions and orgs is distributed unequally
  22. Individualism
    A national culture attribute that describes the degree to which people prefer to act as individuals rather than as members of groups
  23. Collectivism
    A national culture attribute that describes a a tight social framework in which people expect others in groups of which they are a part to look after them and protect them
  24. Masculinity
    A national culture attribute that describes the extent to which the culture favors traditional masculine work roles of achievement, power, and control. Societal values are characterized by assertiveness and materialism
  25. Femininity
    A national culture attribute that indicates little differentiation between male and females roles; a high rating indicates that women are treated as the equals of men in all aspects of the society
  26. Uncertainty avoidance
    A national culture attribute that describes the extent to which a society feels threatened by uncertain and ambiguous situations and tries to avoid them
  27. Long-term orientation
    A national culture attribute that emphasizes the future, thrift, and persistence
  28. Short-term orientation
    A national culture attribute that emphasizes the past and present, respect for tradition, and fulfillment of social obligations

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