MNTII-Quiz3b

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bkheath
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199921
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MNTII-Quiz3b
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2013-02-11 23:57:42
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MNTII Quiz3b
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MNTII-Quiz3b
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  1. complete suppression of urine formed by the kidneys and a complete lack of urine excretion
    anuria
  2. accum of N waste in bloodstream. occurs when kidney fails to filter these wastes from blood
    azotemia
  3. A stone formed within an organ by an accumulation of mineral salts
    calculus
  4. A flexible tube inserted into the body for the purpose of moving fluids into or out of the body. In the cardiovascular system used to place dye into blood vessels so they may be visualized on x-rays. In the urinary system used to drain urine from the bladder.
    catheter
  5. Abnormal secretion of large amounts of urine.
    diuresis
  6.  A greater than normal occurrence in the urge to urinate, without an increase in the total daily volume of urine. An indication of inflammation of the bladder or urethra.
    frequency
  7.  Involuntary discharge of urine after the age by which bladder control should have been established. This usually occurs by the age of five. Also called bedwetting at night.
    enuresis
  8. A decrease in the force of the urine stream, often with difficulty initiating the flow. It is often a symptom of a blockage along the urethra, such as an enlarged prostate gland.
    hesitancy
  9. Another term for urination.
    micturition, voiding
  10.  Pain caused by a kidney stone, which can be an excruciating and generally requires medical treatment.
    renal colic
  11. Narrowing of a passageway in the urinary system
    stricture
  12.  An excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood. associated w/renal failure
    uremia
  13. Feeling the need to urinate immediately.
    urgency
  14.  Involuntary release of urine. In some patients and indwelling catheter is inserted into the bladder for continuous urine drainage.
    urinary incontinence
  15. An inability to fully empty the bladder, often indicates a blockage in the urethra
    urinary retention
  16. Branch of medicine specializing in conditions of the urinary system and male reproductive system.
    urology
  17. Damage to the renal tubules due to presence of toxins in the urine or to ischemia; results in oliguria
    acute tubular necrosis
  18. Accumulation of damage to the glomerulus capillaries due to the chronic high blood sugars of diabetes mellitus
    diabetic nephropathy
  19.  Inflammation of the kidney (primarily of the glomerulus). Since the glomerular membrane is inflamed, it becomes more permeable and will allow protein and blood cells to enter the filtrate. Results in protein in the urine (proteinuria) and hematuria.
    glomerulonephritis
  20. Distention of the pelvis due to urine collecting in the kidney resulting from an obstruction.
    hydronephritis
  21. The presence of calculi in the kidney. usually begins w/the solidification of salts present in the urine
    nephrolithiasis
  22. Damage to the glomerulus resulting in protein appearing in the urine, proteinuria, and the corresponding decrease in protein in the bloodstream.
    nephrotic syndrome
  23. downward displacement of the kidney out of its normal loc
    nephtroptosis (commonly called floating kidney)
  24.  Inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney. One of the most common types of kidney disease. It may be the result of a lower urinary tract infection that moved up to the kidney by way of the ureters. There may be large quantities of white blood cells and bacteria in the urine, and blood (hematuria) may even be present in the urine in this condition. Can occur with any untreated or persistent case of cystitis.
    pyelonephritis
  25. Cancerous tumor that arises from kidney tubule cells.
    renal cell carcinoma
  26.  Inability of the kidneys to filter wastes from the blood resulting in uremia; may be acute or chronic; major reason for a patient being placed on dialysis
    renal failure
  27. Malignant kidney tumor found most often in children
    Wilm's tumor
  28. Blockage of the bladder outlet into the urethra
    bladder neck obstruction
  29. Hernia or outpouching of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina. This may cause urinary frequency and urgency.
    cystocele
  30. Disease of unknown cause in which there is inflammation and irritation of the bladder. Most commonly seen in middle-aged women.
    interstitial cystitis
  31. Loss of nervous control that leads to retention; may be caused by spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis.
    neurogenic bladder
  32. Blood test to measure kidney function by the level of nitrogenous waste, or urea, that is in the blood.
    blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
  33. Urine sample obtained after cleaning off the urinary opening and catching or collecting a sample in midstream (halfway through the urination process) to minimize contamination from the genitalia
    clean catch specimen
  34. Test of kidney function. Creatinine is a waste product cleared from the bloodstream by the kidneys. For this test, urine is collected for 24 hours and the amount of creatinine in the urine is compared to the amount of creatinine that remains in the bloodstream.
    creatine clearance
  35. Laboratory test that consists of the physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine.
    urinalysis
  36. Process of instilling a contrast material or dye into the bladder by catheter to visualize the urinary bladder on X-ray.
    cystography
  37.  Injection of dye into the bloodstream followed by taking an X-ray to trace the action of the kidney as it excretes the dye.
    excretory urography
  38.  Injecting a contrast medium into a vein and then taking an X-ray to visualize the renal pelvis.
    intravenous pyelogram
  39. X-ray taken of the abdomen demonstrating the kidneys, ureters, and bladder without using any contrast dye; also called a flat-plate abdomen.
    kidneys, ureters, bladder (KUB)
  40.  A diagnostic X-ray in which dye is inserted through the urethra to outline the bladder, ureters, and renal pelvis.
    retrograde pyelogram
  41. X-ray taken to visualize the urethra while the patient is voiding after a contrast dye has been placed in the bladder.
    voiding cystourethrography
  42. Visual examination of the urinary bladder using an instrument
    cystoscopy
  43.  Insertion of a tube through the urethra and into the urinary bladder for the purpose of withdrawing urine or inserting dye.
    catheterization
  44. Use of ultrasound waves to break up stones. Process does not require surgery.
    extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy 
  45.  Use of an artificial kidney machine that filters the blood of a person to remove waste products. Use of this technique in patients who have defective kidneys is lifesaving.
    hemodialysis
  46. Removal of toxic waste substances from the body by placing warm chemically balanced solutions into the peritoneal cavity. Used in treating renal failure and certain poisonings.
    peritoneal dialysis
  47. Destroying or crushing kidney stones in the bladder or urethra with a device
    lithotripsy
  48. Surgical enlargement of the urinary opening (meatus
    meatotomy
  49. urinary opening
    meatus
  50.  Incision into the kidney to remove a stone.
    nephrolithotomy
  51.  Increases the excretion of urine, which promotes the loss of water and salt from the body. Can assist in lowering blood pressure; therefore, these drugs are used to treat hypertension. Potassium in the body may by depleted with continued use of diuretics. Potassium-rich foods such as bananas, kiwi, and orange juice can help correct this deficiency.
    diuretic

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