Abstract art employs design element of line form and color that interact with eachother and the viewer rather than depicting recognizable reality. Nonrepresentational art is similarin that subject mater is not based in the visible world.
An ancient philosophy and practice that sought to control and refine one’s self and thematerial world. The major concept and goal was transformation and changing base metals into gold.
Visual metaphor for a value, quality or skill. Usually a female figure draped orsemi‐draped with symbols that indicate what she represents.
Descriptive term that is very useful in conveying to the reader the elements offiguration within a painting that contains images especially of human anatomy but also animals and other objects that are represented in a discernable fashion
Categoryor style. Used as a classification term for art, poetry and music. Genres of paintinginclude still life, portrait, landscape and more.
A category of subject matter that focuses on everyday ordinary events.
French ‐ strong woman. Popular female subjects of historic womenwho performed with valor.
English use of an Italian term that refers to opaque and texture application of pigment.
A length of doweling with a padded end employed by oil painters to keep their handfrom smearing the fresh paint when doing details on an oil painting. Some artists, like Frida Kahlomake use of the little finger as a support.
Tells a story. A variety of subjects fall into this category including Bible paintings andother works with a historical reference. In general works in this category depict a scene in progress.
The term applied to the realism of the Italian Renaissance.
Realistic style that employs photographic sources.
An image of a person or persons. The definition has been expanded in the modern era;however caution should be applied to its use‐not all paintings/sculptures/photographs are portraits.
Dark blue color.
Realistic images rendered to appear as life like as possible.
A category of painting that contains objects, often displayed on a table surface. Objectscan include dishes, books, food, flowers, dead game and a wide variety of other objects. Plural is stilllifes.
French ‐ means fool the eye. Refers to effects in realistic painting that are intended tomake objects seem to project into the viewer’s space.
Latin ‐ vanity–a genre of still life painting developed by Calvinist intellectuals in Leiden By1620 it was a popular genre meant to remind the viewer of the inevitability of death and the brevityof life. Traditionally a vanitas includes three categories of objects that refer to passage of time,personal and professional activities, and life after death, the last often being omitted.
A vivid red orange color of paint originally derived from cinnabar.
Thenine female worthies, Pagan, Jewish, or Christian were the counterparts ofthe nine male worthies from the same historic periods. They were common subjects for painters inthe Italian Baroque period.
A pigment used in paint derived from yellow clay that is a warm gold color.