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Examples of critical thinking in the nursing process:
In regards to health care services, what is Primary Prevention?
Health promotion and illness prevention.
Ex: Illness prevention, stress relief, immunizations, identifying risk factors for illnesses, helping people to prevent illnesses.
In regards to health care services, what is Secondary Prevention?
Activities designed for early diagnosis and treatment of disease or illness
- Ex 1: mammograms and education regarding the early detection of cancer of the breast.
- Ex 2: voluntary HIV testing and counseling.
Do you know types of Health Care Agencies and Services, such as Retirement and Assisted Living Centers?
Retirement and Assisted Living Centers: Consists of separate houses, condos, or apts, for residents who live independently.
Do you types of Health Care Agencies and Services, such as Home Health Care?
Home Health Care: When nurses offer education and provide comprehensive care to PT's who are acutely, chronically, or terminally ill.
Do you know types of Health Care Agencies and Services, such as Rehabilitation Centers?
Rehabilitation Centers: Independent community centers or special units. These facilities help PT's to restore their health and recuperate.
Do you know types of Health Care Agencies and services, such as Extended (Long-Term) care Facilities?
Extended (Long-Term) care facilities: Use to be Nursing homes, well now includes more than that. They are now multi level campuses that include independent living quarters for seniors. They are assisted living facilities, skilled nursing facilities (intermediate care), and extended care (long-term care) facilities. Care is provided for those who are chronically ill or unable to care for themselves w/o assistance.
Do you know types of Health Care Agencies and Services, such as Subacute Care Facilities?
Subacute Care Facilities: Inpatient care for those who have an acute illness, injury, or exacerbation of the disease process; but that may not need all the techno stuff that a hospital has. Sometimes a PT may be admitted to a subacute facility after, or instead of, acute hospitalization or to admin one or more technically complex trtmts.
In regards to health care services, what is Tertiary Prevention?
Ex: Assisting the PT to their previous level of health or their previous capabilities, or to their highest level they are capable of given their current health status.
List some contributing factors to health problems of the homeless and the poor:
Poor physical environment resulting in increased susceptibility to infections
Lack of social support
Inconsistent health care
What is the intent of HIPAA regulation?
Individuals have more control over their health info
Limits the use and release of health care info
Requires health care providers to comply with safeguards to protect PT's privacy R/T health care info
What is medicaid?
Federal/state funded health insurance for individuals/families, under the age of 18, with low income.
What is CHIP?
Low cost state insurance for poor/working class children
What is medicare?
National/state health insurance program for adults 65 and older.
What is Medicare part A?
Available to people with disabilities, people over age 65, covers hospitalization, home care, and hospice care.
What is Medicare Part B?
Is voluntary and provides partial coverage of outpatient and physician services to people eligible for part A.
What is Medicare Part D?
Voluntary prescription drug plan.
What are the 6 C's of caring (Roach)?
What are the 4 ways of Knowing?
- Empirical Knowing: includes scientific competence
- Personal Knowing: focuses on the self
- Ethical Knowing: requires moral/ethical awareness
- Aesthetic Knowing: the creative art of nursing