Livestock Breeds

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
199949
Filename:
Livestock Breeds
Updated:
2013-02-12 02:36:23
Tags:
breeds swine cattle sheep
Folders:

Description:
Basic US breeds of swine, cattle, dairy cattle and sheep
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is a breed?
    animal of a common origin with characteristics that distinguish them from other groups within same species
  2. What is a crossbred animal?
    animal produced by crossing 2 or more breeds
  3. What is a purebred?
    100% decent or acceptable representation of a breed, pure blood
  4. What is a commercial breed?
    purebreds or crossbreds, not registered
  5. What is composite?
    breed made up of 3 or more breeds
  6. What is CASH
    Charlois, Angus, Shorthorn, Hereford
  7. "ear"
    floppy ear
  8. Describe Angus.
    • black hided and polled
    • from Aberdine, Scotland
    • maternal
    • high IMF
    • CAB: Certified Angus Beef
  9. Describe a hereford.
    • horned and polled
    • red body, white face
    • efficient, low maintenance
    • eye pigmentation: necessary to prevent eye cancer
  10. Describe a simmental.
    • triple purple: beef, milk and draft
    • from Simme Vally, Switzerland
    • originally called Fleck V's
    • maternal
    • high maintenance
    • use to be red and white: change to black from CAB
    • have poor structural soundness
    • bigger bone and foot circumference
  11. Descrive a Red Angus.
    • high IMF
    • 1st breed to use performance testing: EPD
    • red, came from black, recessive gene
    • maternal
  12. Describe a Limousin
    • terminal breed
    • lim-flex breed (registerable: Angus x Limousin)
    • black and red color
    • low vertility
    • big ribeye area
    • volatile temperament
  13. Describe a Charolais
    • from France
    • solid white
    • late maturing cattle
    • grow fast but don't grade well
    • increasing IMF
  14. Describe a Gelbvieh.
    • from Germany
    • traditional rust red color, changed to black
    • fertile
    • efficient
    • Balancer: gelbvieh x angus--> 1st crossbred
    • early maturing
    • higher sheer force value - less tender
  15. Describe a Brangus.
    • developed in US
    • 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Angus
    • hardy
    • maternal
    • disease resistant
    • more skin and bigger ears
  16. Describe a Beefmaster.
    • Brahman, Hereford, Shorthhorn
    • developed in US where CSU made contributions
  17. Describe a Shorthorn.
    • red, red/white, white, roan
    • Maternal
    • dual purpose: milk and meat
    • associated with meat and dairy industries
    • common show ring breed
  18. Describe a Brahman.
    • "ear"
    • skin folds
    • hump
    • white/steel color, red
    • survive in hot places
    • disease resistance
    • sexually late maturing
    • from India
    • can cross with Angus and Hereford
    • low quality grade
  19. What industry rarely sees crossbreeding?
    Dairy 
  20. Describe a Holstein.
    • #1 milk production
    • #1 beef producing breed in US
    • black and white
    • fresion cattle: originially known
    • soundness issues
  21. Describe a Jersey.
    • don't have as much milk
    • higher butterfat levels
    • light brown color, dark points
    • smaller frame size
  22. Describe a Brown Swiss.
    • From Switzerland
    • have a brown mousy color
  23. Describe a Guernsey.
    • higher concentration of beta carotene: a precursor to vitamin A
    • red, white, brindle, fawn color
  24. Describe an Ayrshire.
    have good utter conformation
  25. Describe a milking shorthorn.
    • dual purpose
    • white, red and roan
  26. Other names for a ram breed
    • meat breed
    • black faced breed
  27. other names for a wool breed.
    • ewe breed
    • white faced breed
  28. characteristics of a sheep breed
    • wool
    • color of face
    • size
    • horned or pulled
  29. Describe a corriedale.
    • ewe breed
    • white in terms of wool
    • from New Zealand
  30. Describe a Finnsheep
    • ewe breed
    • prolific:multiple offspring
  31. Describe a merino.
    • from Spain, spanish merinos
    • highest quality wool
    • SRS: Soft rolling skin
    • ewe breed
  32. Describe a Rambouillet.
    • CAM the ram
    • France breed
    • spanish merino decent
    • not as fine but still super fine
    • flocking ability
    • ewe breed
  33. Describe a Targhee
    • ewe breed
    • developed in US at research service in Idaho
  34. Describe a Hampshire.
    • ram breed
    • muscular
    • grow fast
    • wool cap
    • wool on legs
  35. Describe an Oxford.
    • ram breed
    • look like hampshires
    • puffball on head
  36. Describe a Shropshire.
    • ram breed
    • look like hampshire and oxford
    • small framed
  37. Describe a Southdown.
    • oldest breed registry in USA
    • small breed
    • ram breed
    • have short ears with wool on them
    • grey mousy face
    • low maintenance
  38. Describe a Suffolk
    • ram breed
    • most popular breed in US
    • black faced
    • large framed
    • big muscled
    • good carcass
  39. Describe a Columbia.
    • dual purpose
    • white chalky face, white body
    • created in US
  40. Describe a Dorset.
    • dual purpose breed
    • breed out of season
    • horned and polled
  41. Describe a Lincoln.
    • dual purpose breed
    • long wool breed
    • coarse fibered
    • carpet type material
  42. Describe a Dorper.
    • dual purpose breed
    • hair sheep, not a goat
    • muscle

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview