Card Set Information
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
Infancy: birth to 1year
basic trust versus mistrust.
Infants learn either to trust or mistrust that significant others will properly care for thier basic
needs, including nourishment sucking, warmth, cleanliness, and physical contact.
Toddler: 1-3 years
autonomy versus shame and doubt
. Children learn either to be self-sufficient in many activities, including toileting, feeding,
walking, and talking, or to doubt thier own abilities.
Preschool: 4-6 years
initiative versus guilt.
children want to undertake many adult-like activities, sometimes going beyond the limits set by parents
and feeling guilty because of it.
School age: 7-11 years
industry versus inferiority.
Children eagerly learn to be competent and productive or feel inferior and unable to do any task well.
Adolescence: 12-19 years
identity versus role confusion.
Adolescents try to figure out "Who am I?" They establish sexual, ethnic, and career indentities or are confused about what future roles to play.
Young Adulthood: 20-44 years
intimacy versus isolation.
young adults seek companionship and love with another person or become isolated from others.
Middle Adulthood: 45-65 years
generativity versus stagnation.
middle-aged adults are productive, performing meaningful work and raising a family, or become stagnant and inactive.
Late Adulthood: 65+
ego integrity versus despair.
older adults try to make sense out of their lives, either seeing life as meaningful and whole or despairing at goals never reached and questions never answered.