History 1302 Ch 17.txt

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ironmonstar
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History 1302 Ch 17.txt
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2013-02-13 22:52:13
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  1. Great Plains
    Treeless nearly flat “set of grassy hillocks” extending from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains.
  2. Treaty of Fort Laramie
    U.S Tribes were given reserved Land out West but this did not work because tribes moved with the Buffalo Herds
  3. Fetterman Massacre
    In 1859, gold miners moved into the Pikes Peak country, touching off warfare with the Cheyenne and Arapaho.  In 1864, tired of the fighting, the two tribes asked for peace. Certain that the war was over, Chief Black Kettle led his seven hundred followers to camp on Sand Creek in southewstern Colorado. Early on the Morning of November 29, 1864, A group of Colorado Militia led by Colonel John M. Chivington attacked the sleeping group. “Kill and scalp all, big and little,” Chivington told his men. “Nits make lice.” Black Kettle tried to stop the ambush,
  4. Sand Creek Massacre
    In 1859, gold miners moved into the Pikes Peak country, touching off warfare with the Cheyenne and Arapaho.  In 1864, tired of the fighting, the two tribes asked for peace. Certain that the war was over, Chief Black Kettle led his seven hundred followers to camp on Sand Creek in southewstern Colorado. Early on the morning of November 29, 1864, A group of Colorado Militia led by Colonel John M. Chivington attacked the sleeping group. “Kill and scalp all, big and little,” Chivington told his men. “Nits make lice.” Black Kettle tried to stop the ambush, raising first an American flag and then A white flag. Neither worked. The Native American men, women, nnd children were clubbed, stabbed, and scalped
  5. Washita Massacre
    Killed all Horses on a Sleepng Tribe
  6. Bishop Henry Wipple
  7. Dawes Severalty Act
      Dawes Severalty Act , the ost iportnt legl developent in Indin–white reltions in ore thn three centuries.  Aiing to end tribl life, the Dwes Act divided tribl lnds into sll plots for distribution ong ebers of the tribe. Ech fily hed received 160 cres, single dults 80 cres, nd children 40 cres. Once the lnd ws distributed, ny surplus ws sold to white settlers, with the profits going to Ntive Aericn schools.
  8. Buffalo Soldiers
    African 9th and 10th Calvry Regimen
  9. Ghost Dance
     Ghost Dances ,  set of dnces nd rites tht grew fro  vision of  Piute essih ned Wovok. Perfornce of the dnces, Wovok sid, would bring bck Ntive Aericn lnds nd would cuse the whites to dispper. All Ntive Aericns would reunite, the erth would be covered with dust, nd  new Erth would coe upon the old. The vnished bufflo would return in gret herds
  10. Wounded Knee Massacre
     The ry intervened to stop the dncing, touching off vio-lence tht killed Sitting Bull nd  nuber of other wrriors. Frightened Ntive Aericns fled southwest to join other Ghost Dncers under the ging chief Big Foot. Moving quickly, troops of the Seventh Cvlry, Custer’s old regient, cught up with Big Foot’s bnd nd took the to the ry cp on Wounded Knee Creek in South Dkot. A Ntive Aericn, it is thought, fired the first shot, returned by the ry’s new chine guns. Firing  shell  second, they shredded tepees nd people.
  11. Curtis Act
  12. Homestead Act
    Between 1862 nd 1890, the governent gve wy 48 illion cres under the  Homestead Act of 1862 , sold bout 100 illion cres to  privte citizens nd corportions, grnted 128 illion cres to ril-rod copnies to tept the to, Gave 160 ACres of Land to anyone who would pay a $10 registration fee
  13. Morrill Act
    Land Grants to Sttes to form Schools
  14. Timber and Stone Act
    Tiber nd Stone Act of 1878 pplied only to lnds “unfit for cultivtion” nd vluble chiefly for tiber or stone. It peritted nyone in Cliforni, Nevd, Oregon, nd Wshington to buy up to 160 cres of forest lnd for $2.50 n cre.
  15. National Reclamation Act
    Irrigators received a major boost in 1902 when the  National Reclamation Act (Newlands Act) set aside most of the proceeds from the sale of public lands in sixteen western states to finance irrigation projects in the arid states.
  16. Exodusters
    A group of about 6,000 African Americans who left Louisian, Mississippi, and Texas in 1879, for freer lives as farmers or laborers in Kansas. p.406
  17. PlacerMining
    Mining tht included using  shovel nd wshing pn to seprte gold fro the ore in stres nd riverbeds. Plcer iners worked s individuls or in sll groups. p.  404
  18. Chines Exclusion Act of 1882
    Legisltion pssed in 1882 tht excluded Chinese iigrnts for ten yers nd denied U.S. citizenship to Chinese ntionls. It ws the first U.S. exclusionry lw ied t  specific rcil group. p.  405
  19. Cornstock Lode
    Discovered in 1859 near Virginia City, Nevada, this ore deposit was the richest discovery in the history of mining. Named after T. P. Cornstock, the deposit produced silver and gold worth more than $306 million. p 404
  20. Dry Farming
    A farming technique developed to allow farming in the more arid parts of the West where settlers had to deal with far less rainfall than they had east of the Mississippi. Furrows were plowed approximately a foot deep and filled with a dust mulch to loosen soil and slow evaporation. p. 408
  21. Bonanza Farming
    Huge frs covering thousnds of cres on the Gret Plins. In relying on lrge size nd new chinery, they represented  developent in griculture siilr to tht tking plce in industry. p. 409
  22. National Grange
    Founded by Oliver H. Kelly in 1867, the Grange sought to relieve the drbness of farm life by providing a social, educational, and cultural outlet for its members. It also set up grain elevators, cooperative stores, warehouses, insurance companies, and farm machinery factories. p.  409
  23. Territotial Rings
    Corrupt Combination of Politicians
  24. Lincoln County War
  25. Frederick Jacksobn Turner
    Wrote Thesis about the Migration of the West

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