political science exam 1

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euel
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20010
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political science exam 1
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2010-05-20 17:00:46
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test number 1
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  1. The system under which voters elect leaders and then hold those leaders accountable for the deciisions they make is generally known as?

    A) anarchism
    B) social democracy
    C) authoritarian democracy
    D) Representative democracy
    E) Direct democracy
    D) Representative democracy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following is NOT an example of an activity in the elections pathway?

    A) lobbying an elected official
    B) Campaigning for a political candidate
    C) A voter registration drive
    D) voting
    E) fundraising for a political party
    A) lobbying an elected official
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The judiciary in the United States is unique because judges

    A) can only hear specific cases with Congressional approval.
    B) have far less power than in other countries.
    C) habe shorter terms of office in he U.S than in other countries.
    D) are more subject to lobbyingand political pressure than in other countries.
    E) have broader authority to order the government to take specific actions.
    E) have broader authority to order the government to take specific actions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The court pathway is

    A) easily accessible
    B) inequitable.
    C) expensive
    d) all of the above
    C) expensive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The pathway of action that generally requires the longest time to affect change is the pathway.

    A) grassroots mobilization
    B) lobbying
    C) court-centered
    D) cultural change
    E) elections
    D) cultural change
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The least direct pathway of action is the

    A) lobbying pathway
    B) elections pathway
    C) court-centered pathway
    D) grassroots mobilization pathway
    E) cultural change pathway
    E) cultural change pathway
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. successful grassroots mobilization campaigns require all of he following EXCEPT

    A) extensive financial resources
    B) organizational skill
    C) careful planning
    D) committed activists
    E) publicity
    A) extensive financial resources
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. According to data compiled by the U.S Census Bureau, which American population group is increasing most quickly in size?

    A) Hispanics
    B) Whites
    C) African Americans
    D) Native Americans
    E) Asians
    A) Hispanics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Alexis de Tocqueville, the French scholar who traveled the U.S, is the author of

    A) Politics and Society in the U.S
    B) Democracy in America
    C) Common Sense
    D) Letter from a Birmingham Jail
    E) The Declaration of independence
    B) Democracy in America
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Alexis de Tocqueville made his observations regarding American democraccy in the

    A) nineteenth century
    B) twentieth century
    C) seventeenth century
    D) twenty-first century
    E)eighteenth century
    A) nineteenth century
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following is NOT an element of stabillity in a political system>

    A) powerful political culture
    B) broadly accepted political and economic framework
    C) the existence of a a variety of ways for citizens to seek and achieve policy implementation and change
    D) frequent changes in elected leadership
    e) All of the above
    D) Frequent changes in elected leadership
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. One of the main objectives of those who participated in the Constitutional Convention was to

    A) balance liberty and stability
    B) ensure the maximum degree of liberty possible
    C) ensure the maximum degree of stabillity possible
    D) guarantee the protection of private property
    E) weaken the power of the national government
    A) balance liberty and stability
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The constitutional convention met in May of for the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation
    1785
  14. At the Constitutional Convention, the New Jersey Plan was propsed by

    A) Thomas Jefferson
    B) James Madison
    C) Edmund Randolph
    D) Benjamin Franklin
    E) William Paterson
    E) William Paterson
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following wasNOT a feature of the Virginia Plan at the Consittutional Convention
    A) a council of Revision to review national and state laws
    B) a multi-person executive council
    C) a system of checks and balances
    D) a system whereby acts of the new national legislature would override state law
    E) life terms for judges appointed by the legislature
    B) a multi-person executive coouncil
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. One of the main debates at the Constitutional Convention centered on the nature of representation in the national legislature. What were the two competing approaches to representation this debate?

    A) federal vs. unitary democracy
    B) direct democracy vs. representative democracy
    C) citizenship-based vs. residency-based representation
    D) state-based vs. interest-based representation
    E) citizen-based vs. interest-based representation
    D) state-based vs. citizen-based representation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The Three-Fifths Comrpmise
    counted 5 slaves as 3 free persons for the purpose of representation in the Congress
  18. Article 1, Section 9 of the Constitution prohibited Congress from

    A) overturning the decisions of the states
    B) undermining the power of the president
    C) removing a sitting official from office
    D) imposing a national income tax
    E) ending the slave trade
    E) Ending the slave trade
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. A system of government in which political power and functions are divided among different layers of government, such as the national government and thestates, is referred to as a system

    A) unitary
    B) proportional representation
    C) federal
    D) devolved unitary
    E) confederal
    C) federal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. the poweres explicitly granted to the national government by the U.S Constitution are usually referred to as

    A) horizontal powers
    B) expressed powers
    C) distributive powers
    D) relative poweres
    E) implied powers
    B) expressed powers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The Constitution can be amended by two- thirds vote in favor in both Houses of Congress and ratification by

    A) the U.S Supreme Court
    B) three-quarters of the state legislatures
    C) the president
    D) a two- thirds majority of the population in a national referendum
    E) a simple majority of the population in a national referendum
    B) Three-quarters of the state legislatures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. which of the following powers in an example of a power possessed by Congress which ascts as a check on the Courts?

    A) paying judges salaries
    B) creating lower federal courts
    C) investigating presidential actions
    D) nominating judges for the courts
    E) declaring laws unconstitutional
    B) creating lower federal courts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The most well- known author of the Federalist papers, responsibile for writing Federalist Paper no. 10 and 51 was

    1) Benjamin Franklin
    b) Alexander jamililton
    c) John Jay
    d) James Madison
    e) Thomas Jefferson
    d) James Madison
  24. The most visible disagreement between the Federalists and Anti- Federalists centered on the issue of

    A) how long members of Congress would serve
    B) whether representation should cover the entire republic or be based on the interests and needs of the states
    C) who would be eleced president
    D) the Constitutional amendment process
    E) how Supreme Court Justices would be chosen
    B) Whether representation should cover the entire republic or be based on the interests and needs of the states
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. California's climate and geography have shaped all but which of the following aspects of the satat?

    A) its government policies
    B) its technology
    C) its social and economic development
    D) its business policies
    d) all of the above are correct
    B) its technology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Native Californian society:

    A) there were no native Californians prior to the Gold Rush
    B) was well-adapted to its surroundings
    C) was warlike and aggressive
    D) was openly hostile to European settlers
    E) had a small population
    B) was well-adapted to its surroundings
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. The most lucrative export(s) for Spanish settlements in California

    A) were animal hides
    B) was oil
    C) were cotton and rice
    D) were oranges
    E) was gold
    e) there were no native Californians prior to the Gold Rush
    A) were animal hides
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. The mission system's impact on native Californians was:

    a) minimal
    b) profoundly negative in terms of their freedom of movement, land use, and health.
    c) to limit their freedom, but foster an increase in their population
    d) to force many of them to provide labor for Spain in other colonies
    e) positive in the sense that it enable their survival
    • b) profoundly negative in terms of their freedom of movement, land use,
    • and health.
  29. the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo did all of the following EXCEPT:

    A) end the Mexican- American War
    B) transfer California to the U.S
    C) make California a U.S state
    D) pay mexico $15 million
    E) transfer 40% of mexico's territory to the united states
    C) make California a U.S state
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Many Californios and mexican settlers lost their land and property rights due to:

    A) the treay of guadalupe hidalgo
    B) the civil war
    C) the bear flage rebellion
    D) the expension of the mission system
    E) the gold rush of 1840
    A) the treay of guadalupe hidalgo
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The delegaes to california's first constitutional convention

    A) created a quasi- military system
    B) created a state government with broad and almost unlimited powers
    C) were all white settlers
    D) based their work on Mexico's political systm
    E) included six Californios
    E) included six californios
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The big four were:
    Businessmen who founded the Central Pacific Railroad Company
  33. The 1879 Constitution's ability to address political and economic inequality was hindered by:
    a) the lack of education of the constitutional delegates
    b) powerful lobbying of special interest groups
    c) the need to compromise between diverging interests
    d) all of the above
    d) all of the above
  34. The benefits World War II brought to California helped:

    A) the poor exclusively
    B) immigrants in particular
    C) the rich exclusively
    D) some groups more than others
    E) all californians equally
    D) some groups more than others
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The leader of the Workingmen's Party was

    A) Robert Haas
    B) Denis Kearney
    C) Hiram Johnson
    D) Leland Stanford
    E) Frank Norris
    B) Denis Kearney
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The Bracero Program
    granted U.S citizenship to Mexicans willing to work in agriculture for the duration of the wr.
  37. The state legislature first and foremost wants to craft a budget that

    A) balances revenue with expenditures
    B) limits the state governmnet's role in the economy.
    C) runs a surplus to close the state's structural budget gap.
    D) will cater to their constituents and special interest groups who helped elect them.
    E) reflects the realities of the economyh
    .
    D) will cater to their constituents and special interest groups who helped elect them.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. The biggest area of thestate's general fund expenditure is
    Education
  39. Which of the following is backed by the "full faith and credit" of the state government?

    a) Revenue bonds
    b) General obligation bonds
    c) Lease- revenue bonds.
    d) all of the above
    Only A and B
    d) all of the above
  40. Most of the states revenue is deposited into the:

    A) state fund
    B) government fund
    C) general fund
    D) revenue fund
    E) tax fund
    C) general fund
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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