evo test 1

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kindlyunspoken09
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200195
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evo test 1
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2013-02-12 23:06:00
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  1. the process by which the genetic code of a gene is used to direct protein synthesis
    genetic expression
  2. substitution that results in an amino acid change
    nonsynonymous
  3. substitution that results in no change
    synonymous
  4. a type of dominance where the dominant gene completely masks the effect of the recessive gene
    complete dominance
  5. the condition of a heterozygote having a phenotype that is more pronounced or better adapted than that of either homozygote
    overdominance
  6. when a single gene has more than one dominant allele
    codominance
  7. the interaction between two or more genes to control a single phenotype
    epistasis
  8. a distinguishing characteristic or quality for which the phenotype depends on alleles in multiple genes
    polygenic trait
  9. when one gene influences multiple phenotypic traits
    pleitropy
  10. two or more discreet forms within a population
    polymorphisms
  11. predictable variation in phenotype along a geographic or ecological gradient
    cline
  12. marked variation in phenotype due to the environment
    phenotypic plasticity
  13. the fraction of the total variation that is due to the additive effects of genes
    heritability
  14. the goal is to determine the degree of the effect of genetic and environmental differences on phenotype
    common garden experiment
  15. substitution, frameshift, transposition
    gene identity mutation
  16. 2 unreduced gametes, same parent
    autopolyploidy
  17. fusion of unreduced gametes from different parents
    allopolyploidy
  18. from one generation to the next
    vertical transmission
  19. between organisms without descent
    transformation
    conjugation
    transduction
    horizontal transmission
  20. places in the genome where a short string of nucleotides usually one to four bases long is repeated in tandem
    microsatellites
  21. places in the genome where ten to one hundred base pairs are repeated
    minisatellite
  22. he believed that offspring inherited phenotypic changes from their parents
    Lamarck
  23. was a scottish geologist that suggested the processes that build land forms take eons of time
    hutton
  24. wrote principles of geology
    uniformitarianism: landforms are produced by physical processes which act in similar fashion across time
    lyell
  25. wrote an essay on the principle of evolution. he observed that sooner or later population gets checked by famine and disease
    malthus
  26. came up with the great chain of being or the scale of nature
    aristotle
  27. discovered the earth revolves around the sun
    galileo
  28. showed chosen traits could be passed on to the next generation
    artificial selection
  29. the mimicking in phenotype of a  toxic model by a non toxic model.
    bates
  30. the original specimen from which a description of a new species is made
    type specimen
  31. resolved decades of controversy over the validity of evolution by natural selection
    modern synthesis

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