Piaget's Stages

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Author:
thedonfritz
ID:
2002
Filename:
Piaget's Stages
Updated:
2009-12-01 13:35:53
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Piaget\'s Stages cognitive development
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Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
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  1. SENSORIMOTOR: Birth - 2 Years
    • - uses senses and motor abilities to understand the world; this period begins with reflexes and coordinations sesorimotor skills
    • - develops schema
    • - begins to interact with environment
    • - learns that an object still exists when out of sight (object permeance) and begins to remember and imagine experiences (mental representation)
    • - develops thinking and goal-directed behavior
  2. PREOPERATIONAL THOUGHT: 2-6 Years
    • - develops egocentric thinking (understands the world from only one perspective)
    • - uses trial and error to discover new traits and characteristrics
    • - conceptualizes time as being limited to the present
    • - centers or focuses on a single aspect on an object, producing some distortion of reality
    • - gains in imaginative ability
    • - gradually begins to "de-center" (becomes less ego-centric and understands other points of view)
  3. CONCRETE OPERATIONAL THOUGHT: 7-11 Years
    • - understands and applies logical operations or principles to help interpret specific experiences or perceptions.
    • - has more realistic views; better understands other viewpoints
    • - improves use of memory
    • - focuses on more than one task; develops logical, socialized thoughts
    • - recognizes cause-and-effect relationships
    • - learns to identify behavior outcome
    • - understands basic ideas of conversation, number classification, and other concrete ideas
  4. FORMAL OPERATIONAL THOUGHT 12+ Years
    • - uses systematic, scientific problem-solving approach
    • - recognizes past, present, and future
    • - is able to think about abstractions and hypothetic concepts and is able to move in thought "from the real to the possible"
    • - becomes more interested in ethics, politics, and all social and moral issues as ability to take a broader and more theoretic approach to experience increases

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