Pathology - Chapter 3

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Pathology - Chapter 3
2013-02-13 11:49:01

Pathology - Chapter 3
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  1. Aspiration pneumonia:
    Caused by aspiration of particles into lower respiratory tract
  2. Bronchial carcinoid:
    Gland tumor located in the submucosal layer of large bronchi
  3. Bronchiectasis:
    Chronic dialation of bronchi with inflammation of walls/cilia
  4. Bronchogenic carcinoma:
    Cancer of the lung. Found in epithelium of bronchial tree.
  5. Chronic bronchitis:
    Irritation of the mucosal lining of the bronchial lining... Lungs remain inflated
  6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD):
    Pulmonary obstruction. 1.) Chronic Bronchitis 2.) Pulmonary Emphysema
  7. Coin lesion:
    Solitary opaque lung nodule. Second most common neoplasm.
  8. Cystic fibrosis:
    Congenital disorder affecting exocrine gland and respiratory system
  9. Emphysema:
    Increased air spaces in distal terminal bronchioles...destroys alveolar walls
  10. Exudates:
    Pleurisy, a pulmonary embolism or neoplasm
  11. Hemothorax:
    Pleural effusion with blood present
  12. Hypercapnia:
    Inability to move air in/out of lungs...increased CO2 in blood
  13. Hypoxemia:
    Low levels of O2 in blood
  14. Legionnaires’ disease:
    Bacterial pneumonia - 1976 pennsylvania convention
  15. Mediastinal emphysema:
    Air in the mediastinum from a leak in the bronchial tree
  16. Miliary tuberculosis:
    Looks like small white grains called millet seeds...spread through blood
  17. Mycoplasma pneumonia:
    Most common type of atypical pneumonia. Mostly in young adults.
  18. Pleural effusion:
    Fluid in pleural cavity
  19. Pleurisy:
    Inflammation of the pleura with exudation into the pleural cavity
  20. Pneumococcal pneumonia:
    Most common bacterial pneumonia, affects entire lobe of lung
  21. Pneumoconioses:
    Occupational disease...permanent particles in the lungs
  22. Pneumonia:
    Inflammation of the lung...most common type of lung infection
  23. Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis:
    Infection caused by bird/bat fecal matter inhalation
  24. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS):
    Prematurely born infants with incomplete surfactant-producing system
  25. Respiratory failure:
    Failure of the lungs to ventilate
  26. Sinusitis:
    Sinus infection
  27. Staphylococcal pneumonia:
    Pneumonia caused by staph present in the bronchi
  28. Streptococcal pneumonia:
    Pneumonia caused by strep present in the bronchi
  29. Subcutaneous emphysema:
    Air in the subcutaneous layer of tissue in the body
  30. Transudates:
    Pleural effusion resulting from microvascular changes such as heart failure
  31. Tuberculosis (TB):
    Any infectious disease caused by mycobacterium..generally affects lungs
  32. Viral pneumonia:
    Pneumonia caused by a virus and spread from another infected person